How the NYT lied, and how the World believed it

In more than sixteen years now (December 1997), the New York Times was repeating at least 2,236 times that the Krajina Serbs are “occupiers”, “conquerrors” or “land grabbers” of one third of Croatia. They repeated, in the same period, the same fabrications about the Bosnian Serbs at least 3,807 times. They claimed that the Bosnian Serbs are “occupiers”, “conquerrors”, “land grabbers” of two thirds of Bosnia.

From the here presented literature it is clear that the Serbs settled in Bosnia in seventh century. They were invited to settle in Krajina in 1578

The following map was issued by the New York Times, Saturday, November 26, 1994.

map-NYT-1994

This map is a Smoking Gun Proof that New York Times (as well as the other major Western media) were involved in blunt Goebbelsian-like propaganda. This map shows that they KNEW they were laying when labbeling the Serbs as “occupiers”, “aggressors”, “land grabbers” etc.

While they published countless maps of the Serbian “conquer” once (and once only!) did they publish that those Serbs actually LIVED (before the war) on the territories they controlled. On the map the Serbs were represented in solid gray color.


NOTE: Even here, at a rare moment of truth, the New York Times had to be true to its ways. They had to blame the Serbs, and Serbs only, for disintegration of Yugoslavia.

In very few sentences of the above text seen on the map they managed to slip the following lies:

  1. They claimed that Serbs had “political domination” over Yugoslavia. The truth is, as you will will see if you follow the following link, that Croat and Slovene Communists controlled Yugoslavia.
  2. The Serbs could not be “minority” in Croatia and Bosnia, as said above. The Serbs were CONSTITUENT nation of Yugoslavia. If secessionists had right to secede the same way the loyal population had the right to stay in the federation…
    Croats and Bosnian Muslims wishing to make their own countries did not have right to kidnap the Serbs and take territory – for centuries majority Serbian – with them.

One more IMPORTANT NOTE: The country of Yugoslavia was formed in 1918. Its first name was the “Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes”. Those three nations were the constituent nations of Yugoslavia. Thus, they have the right to (using peaceful means) negotiate leaving the union.

Albanians of Kosovo are NOT constituent nation of Yugoslavia. They are minority in the true sense of the term. To make a precedent and give Albanians of Kosovo “right” to secede would open a whole new Pandora’s box in the international relationships.

 

Source: NYT,
srpska – mreža.com 

 

Two boys stabbed in Kosovska Mitrovica!

Two boys – Serb and Gorani were stabbed in the back in the Albanian neighborhood in the northern part of Kosovska Mitrovica, earlier this day. So far perpetrators are still unknown.

kosovska-mitrovica-300x168

Two fifteen year old boys were back stabbed in Albanian neighborhood in Mitrovuca

Kosovo Serb FZ (15) and Gorani A.Š. (15) were injured at 12:40 pm.  Health center director Milan Ivanovic told Tanjug that the boys suffered  knife wounds in the back. They were placed on the surgical ward. Their health condition is stable.

Deputy Regional Director of Kosovo Police Ergin Medic told Tanjug that the incident occurred around 12:40 pm in the Albanian  neighborhood, but  the motives and perpetrators of this crime are unknown.
Deputy Director of the Government Office for Kosovo and Metohija Krstimir Pantic visited  two stabbed boys  today at the hospital in Kosovska Mitrovica. The fifteen years old Philip Zdravkovic and Albin Šerifija, )Serb and Gorani) were attacked by a group of Albanians in the Bosnjacka mahala, Albanian neighborhood  at a time when they rode bikes, Pantic told Tanjug.

“Tpokrivalicehis is yet another indication of what awaits Serbs in an independent Kosovo, and if it comes to implementation of the recent (Brussels) agreement,” said Pantic.

Serbs in Kosovo and Metohija, especially those in the north, will not succumb to this intimidation. This will only strengthen our willingness and determination to defend what belongs to us and this will never change” Pantic stressed.

“What’s miserable and pathetic is the fact that the Albanians back stabbed  the children. They never have the courage to honestly look in the eyes, ” he said.

Pantic also said that the boys had a lot of luck, because the blade did not hit the aorta, otherwise “the consequences could be tragic.”

Tanjug, Alo

Djakovica: The EULEX obstacles return of Serbs in Kosovo

In 2013. EULEX prosecutors filed criminal charges against 17 Serbs from Djakovica for alleged involvement in war crimes committed in the village of Meja  14 years ago is a scenario to intimidate Serbs who intend to return to their homes.

 caption: Serbs found the shelter in the monastery: the only living Serbs in Djakovica – Only six Serbian elderly woman in Djakovica before the war 12,500 Serbs lived in Djakovica.  During the joint NATO and Albanian terror they were expelled, murdered  and some are still on the Missing person’s list. 
There are only six elderly Serbian women  who found a refuge in the courtyard of the Church of the Holy Virgin. They live as prisoners, fearing to leave the church yard. The  Albanian terror through intimidation is on a daily basis.

EULEX says it has launched an official investigation concerning 20 suspects of alleged crimes  committed in April 1999. in the municipality of Djakovica when  372 Albanians were killed. Since no bodies nor other evidence have ever been found on the crime scene after the Kosovo war, and  Djakovica  appeared to have multiplied number of its inhabitants, all the charges are based on Albanian ‘witnesses’ testimonies and claims that the bodies are supposed to be found some 400 kilometers northern,  in a  controversial  mass grave in Batajnica near Belgrade (?)
The EU prosecutors  identified persons who could be charged with crimes against the civilian population through local  Albanians testimonies.

Serbian Coordinator of Djakovica Đokica Stanojevic, however, argues that the criminal charges were filed in order to intimidate the Serbs and prevent their return to Kosovo.

Possible intimidation of potential returnees through this case is the EULEX intention,  Ranđel Nojkic, one of the political representatives of Serbs south of the Ibar, says.  Nojkic pointed to an attempt to create fear among the Serbs who have returned to the villages of Zac near Istok and Drsnik near Klina,  and all those who are willing to return to their homes.- This moment was chosen because the problem of the expelled whose whole estate and property was usurped , was to be on the agenda of the technical dialogue in Brussels.  It is striking that none of the investigations of crimes against Serbs that were  murdered and expelled,  has  ever started.  Over 12,500 Serbs are missing in the Djakovica. Some were robbed and are  refugees in Serbia central, others were murdered, and significant number is still missing.

Ranđel Nojkic

– I can’t comment the indictment, because I’m not familiar with the case. I believe that these problems could be solved within the agreement between Belgrade and Pristina,  we had cases when the prosecutor in Pristina  lifts the indictment and keeps in detention for years persons that later turned out to be innocent.  They don’t even get compensated – said Nojkic.

Vesti, Novosti

Charlie Chaplin final speech in The Great Dictator

“I’m sorry, but I don’t want to be an emperor. That’s not my business. I don’t want to rule or conquer anyone. I should like to help everyone if possible- Jew, Gentile, black men, white…

We all want to help one another. Human beings are like that. We want to live by each others’ happiness, not by each other’s misery. We don’t want to hate and despise one another. In this world there is room for everyone. And the good earth is rich and can provide for everyone. The way of life can be free and beautiful, but we have lost the way.

Greed has poisoned men’s souls; has barricaded the world with hate; has goose-stepped us into misery and bloodshed. We have developed speed, but we have shut ourselves in. Machinery that gives abundance has left us in want. Our knowledge has made us cynical; our cleverness, hard and unkind.

We think too much and feel too little. More than machinery ,we need humanity. More than cleverness, we need kindness and gentleness. Without these qualities, life will be violent and all will be lost. The aeroplane and the radio have brought us closer together. The very nature of these inventions cries out for the goodness in man; cries out for universal brotherhood; for the unity of us all.

Even now my voice is reaching millions throughout the world, millions of despairing men, women, and little children, victims of a system that makes men torture and imprison innocent people.

To those who can hear me, I say “Do not despair.”

The misery that is now upon us is but the passing of greed, the bitterness of men who fear the way of human progress. The hate of men will pass, and dictators die, and the power they took from the people will return to the people. And so long as men die, liberty will never perish.

Soldiers! Don’t give yourselves to brutes, men who despise you and enslave you; who regiment your lives, tell you what to do, what to think and what to feel! Who drill you, diet you, treat you like cattle, use you as cannon fodder!

Don’t give yourselves to these unnatural men—machine men with machine minds and machine hearts! You are not machines! You are not cattle! You are men! You have a love of humanity in your hearts! You don’t hate!

Only the unloved hate; the unloved and the unnatural.

Soldiers! Don’t fight for slavery! Fight for liberty!

In the seventeenth chapter of St. Luke, it’s written “the kingdom of God is within man”, not one man nor a group of men, but in all men! In you! You, the people, have the power, the power to create machines, the power to create happiness! You, the people, have the power to make this life free and beautiful, to make this life a wonderful adventure. Then in the name of democracy, let us use that power.”

Let us all unite.

Let us fight for a new world, a decent world that will give men a chance to work, that will give youth a future and old age a security. By the promise of these things, brutes have risen to power. But they lie! They do not fulfill their promise. They never will!

Dictators free themselves but they enslave the people!

Now let us fight to fulfill that promise! Let us fight to free the world! To do away with national barriers! To do away with greed, with hate and intolerance!

Let us fight for a world of reason, a world where science and progress will lead to all men’s happiness.

Soldiers, in the name of democracy, let us all unite!

 

FIRE FROM THE SKY

 

By Charles Simic

Poet Charles Simic was 3 years old when Nazi forces targeted his city for destruction, and when he was  6,  allies Americans and Brits bombed it  on Orthodox Easter 1944.
In an excerpt from his new memoir, A Fly in the Soup, Simic returns to the days when the Allied bombs rained on Belgrade. Excerpts from A Fly in the Soup, ©University of Michigan Press, 2000.

I

Charles Simic and mother
Simic and his mother, 1941

… The British and the Americans started bombing Belgrade on Easter Sunday, April 16, 1944. The official version from the United States Air Force speaks about heavy bombers “conducting strikes against Luftwaffe and aviation targets” with “approximately 397 tons of bombs.” It also says: “According to one report, these operations of 17 of April resulted in some damage to a residential area northwest of Belgrade/Zemun airdrome. Most of the destruction wrought by the two days’ activities, however, appears to have been military in nature.” It’s that word appears, judiciously inserted in the report, that is the crux of the matter.

It was just before lunchtime. The dining room table was already set in a festive way with our best china and silverware when the planes came. We could hear them drone even before the sirens wailed. The windows were wide open, since it was a balmy spring day. “The Americans are throwing Easter eggs,” I remember my father shouting from the balcony. Then we heard the first explosions. We ran down to the same cellar, where today some of the original cast of characters are still cowering. The building shook. People covered their ears. One could hear glass breaking somewhere above. A boy a little older than I had disappeared. It turned out that he had slipped out to watch the bombs fall. When the men brought him back, his mother started slapping him hard and yelling she’s going to kill him if he ever does that again. I was more frightened of her slaps than of the sound of the bombs.

ljudi bombe

At some point it was all over. We shuffled out. The enthusiasts of aerial bombardment either lack imagination for what happens on the ground, or they conceal their imaginings. The street was dark with a few flames here and there. With all the dust and smoke in the air, it was as if the night had already fallen. A man came out of the gloom covered with fallen plaster, telling us that a certain neighborhood had been entirely leveled. This was typical. One heard the most outrageous rumors and exaggerations at such times. Thousands of deaths, corpses lying everywhere, and so forth. It was one of the poorest parts of the city he was talking about. There were no military objects there. It didn’t make any sense even to a child.

Beograd

The day after the first raid in 1944, the planes came again, and it was more of the same. “They dropped about 373 tons of bombs on the Belgrade/Save marshalling yards,” the official report continues. “This assault resulted in major destruction of freight and passenger cars, large fires, gutted warehouses, severe damage to the main passenger station, equally severe damage to the Railroad Bridge over the Sava River, etc. No report on this mission refers to the bombing of other than military objectives.” Actually, a bomb landed on our sidewalk in front of our building. It spun around but didn’t explode.

Kicevska (1)

In 1972, I met one of the men who bombed me in 1944. I had just made my first trip back to Belgrade after almost twenty years. Upon my return to the States, I went to a literary gathering in San Francisco, where I ran into the poet Richard Hugo in a restaurant. We chatted, he asked me how I spent my summer, and I told him that I had just returned from Belgrade.

Oh yes,” he said, “I can see that city well.”

Without knowing my background, he proceeded to draw on the tablecloth, among the breadcrumbs and wine stains, the location of the main post office, the bridges over the Danube and Sava, and a few other important landmarks. Without a clue as to what all this meant, supposing that he had visited the city as a tourist at one time, I inquired how much time he had spent in Belgrade.

“I was never there,” he replied. “I only bombed it a few times.”

When, absolutely astonished, I blurted out that I was there at the time and that it was me he was bombing, Hugo became very upset. In fact, he was deeply shaken. After he stopped apologizing and calmed down a little, I hurried to assure him that I bore no grudges and asked him how is it that they never hit the Gestapo headquarters or any other building where the Germans were holed up. Hugo explained that they made their bombing runs from Italy, going first after the Romanian oil fields, which had tremendous strategic importance for the Nazis and were heavily defended. They lost a plane or two on every raid, and with all that, on the way back, they were supposed to unload the rest of the bombs over Belgrade. Well, they didn’t take any chances. They flew high and dropped the remaining payloads any way they could, anticipating already being back in Italy, spending the rest of the day on the beach in the company of some local girls.

I assured Hugo that this is exactly what I would have done myself, but he continued to plead for forgiveness and explain himself. He grew up in a tough neighborhood in Seattle, came from poor, working-class folk. His mother, a teenager, had to abandon him after his birth. We were two befuddled bit players in events beyond our control. He at least took responsibility for his acts, which of course is unheard of in today’s risk-free war, where the fashion is to blame one’s mistakes on technology. Hugo was a man of integrity, one of the finest poets of his generation, and, strange as it may appear, it did not occur to me to blame him for what he had done. I would have probably spat in the face of the dimwit whose decision it was to go along with Tito’s request and have the Allies bomb a city on Easter full of its own allies. Still, when Hugo later wrote a poem about what he did and dedicated it to me, I was surprised. How complicated it all was, how inadequate our joint attempt to make some sense of it in the face of the unspoken suspicion that none of it made a hell of a lot of sense.

Letter to Simic from Boulder

Dear Charles: And so we meet once in San Francisco and I learn
I bombed you long ago in Belgrade when you were five.
I remember. We were after a bridge on the Danube
hoping to cut the German armies off as they fled north
from Greece. We missed. Not unusual, considering I
was one of the bombardiers. I couldn’t hit my ass if
I sat on the Norden or rode a bomb down singing
The Star Spangled Banner. I remember Belgrade opened
like a rose when we came in. Not much flak. I didn’t know
about the daily hangings, the 80,000 Slav who dangled
from German ropes in the city, lessons to the rest.
I was interested mainly in staying alive, that moment
the plane jumped free from the weight of bombs and we went home.
What did you speak then? Serb, I suppose. And what did your mind
do with the terrible howl of bombs? What is Serb for “fear”?
It must be the same as in English, one long primitive wail
of dying children, one child fixed forever in dead stare.
I don’t apologize for the war, or what I was. I was
willingly confused by the times. I think I even believed
in heroics (for others, not for me). I believed the necessity
of that suffering world, hoping it would learn not to do
it again. But I was young. The world never learns. History
has a way of making the past palatable, the dead
a dream. Dear Charles, I’m glad you avoided the bombs, that you
live with us now and write poems. I must tell you though,
I felt funny that day in San Francisco. I kept saying
to myself, he was on the ground that day, the sky
eerie mustard and our engines roaring everything
out of the way. And the world comes clean in moments
like that for survivors. The world comes clean as clouds
in summer, the pure puffed white, soft birds careening
in and out, our lives with a chance to drift on slow
over the world, our bomb bays empty, the target forgotten,
the enemy ignored. Nice to meet you finally after
all the mindless hate. Next time, if you want to be sure
you survive, sit on the bridge I’m trying to hit and wave.
I’m coming in on course but nervous and my cross hairs flutter.
Wherever you are on earth, you are safe. I’m aiming but
my bombs are candy and I’ve lost the lead plane. Your friend, Dick.

(From 31 Letters and 13 Dreams by Richard Hugo [New York: Norton, 1977])

Orthodox Easter 1944. USA, GB were murdering their Christian Allies

The American and British air force bombed Belgrade and various Serbian towns on Sunday, April 16, 1944, during Christian Serb holiday of Easter. The bombing was performed in a fashion more savage than Hitler did it three years earlier on Sunday, April 6, 1941.

ZAsto Beograd

 ‘Why?’ – Mother with her murdered child, Belgrade, Orthodox Easter 1944,

There is no easy explanation and certainly there is no excuse for this barbarity. To make it even more shocking – while number of Serbian cities were mercilessly bombed on this Eastern Orthodox holiday – none of the Croat cities saw the same destiny. Why were the Serbs – the nominal allies bombed while the nominal enemy was not? Theories are many and we can only guess.

Beograd

Leskovac destroyed

Michel Lees was one of the British liaison officers dropped by the special forces into Axis-occupied Yugoslavia in 1943. He spent a year among the Chetniks. Chetniks were Serb Royalists loyal to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and to King Peter. They were anti-Nazi guerrila fighters lead by Serbian patriot General Draza Mihajlovic. This is a quote from Mr. Lees’ book…


What should be so secret
about an air force operation?


Excerpt from:
Michael Lees
THE RAPE OF SERBIA,
The British role in Tito’s Grab for Power 1943-1944

Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, New York, 1990
ISBN 0-15-195910-2


Kicevska-1

Kicevska street, Belgrade

QUOTE, pp 301-302:

The theory [in some Serbian circles] is that strikes by Western Allied aircraft of the Balkan Air Force were called down specifically against Serbian towns and villages, cynically choosing Serbian Orthodox religious holidays for the bombing. It is an undeniable fact that there was carpet bombing of Belgrade for three consecutive days coinciding with the Orthodox Easter in April 1944, the intensity of which surpassed even the Luftwaffe attacks of April 1941. On Saint George’s Day 1944 the Montenegrin towns of Niksic, Podgorica, and Danilovgrad were blasted by Allied planes, allegedly because there were strong Loyalist concentrations around those areas, but, in truth, to demoralize the pro-Mihailovic populations. The same was done even to Zara [Zadar] to demoralize the Italian population. [British liaison to Tito’s partisans] Maclean’s book Eastern Approaches gives his impressive and horrifying eyewitness account of the devastation of [central Serbia city of] Leskovac on the opening day of Ratweek, purportedly in order to destroy a concentration of German armor and motor transport. But fifty Flying Fortresses were used, and Maclean “tried not to think of the population of small farmers, shopkeepers and railway workers, of the old people, the women and children, who at this moment would be going about their everyday business in the streets. … the whole of Leskovac seemed to rise bodily into the air … the civilian casualties had been heavy.”

deca ubijena

Belgrade, 16. April 1944.

Militarily it was using a sledgehammer to kill a gnat. … But to the Partisan leadership the purpose of that bombing and others was not military, it was political. It was to show the strongly pro-Loyalist population of Jablanica who were the masters now.

The nominal bombing procedure was that Tito and his commander specified the targets through the British mission and their RAF advisors. One wonders why the BLOs, or the Balkan Air Force advisors at base, did not question the necessity of extensive bombings of Yugoslav [actually exclusively – Serbian] areas, of hospitals, and of churches — and on religious holidays too — it there was not some political motive. Why did Maclean not question the need to flatten [the Serbian town of] Leskovac? Massive bombing of civilians in German cities was one thing. Germans lived there, and the German morale had to be broken. But bombing Belgrade or Leskovac on the odd chance of hitting a German barracks or tank and with the certainty of killing massive numbers of Yugoslav [actually – Serb only] allies was surely something very sinister. I feel certain that the Allies would never have contemplated a blanket bombing of Paris, for example, on Easter Sunday — or any other day — however many German tanks were passing through.

But of course Tito had made it clear from the start that his was a sovereign army and that he would decide. Did that go for ordering out massive formations of allied bombers too?

… Regrettably, the Balkan Air Force files are permanently closed like the main SOE files and those of SIS. One wonders why. What should be so secret about an air force operation?

End quote.

History seems to repeat itself again. It was Bosnian Muslim forces that, in 1995, issued target lists to NATO pilots when Bosnian Serbs were to be bombed to submission. Four years later, during NATO’s assault on Yugoslavia in 1999, Albanian KLA terrorists were to provide NATO aviation with data how to bomb Serbs [again] in the very cradle of the Serbian culture – Kosovo.

To summarize: the Western allies were always ready to provide their proxies on the ground with air cover. It is not only the case with recent Yugoslav civil wars. It is true – different times – round the globe. In the second half of twentieth century, the Serbs – nominal allies of United States and Great Britain in WWII struggle against the Nazis – were target of vicious “ally” air attacks at lest three times. Again, this simply because the “allies” had found themselves proxies they wanted to help:

  • Tito’s Communists in 1944
  • Croat new Nazis in their attack on Krajina in 1995
  • Islam fundamentalists in Bosnia in 1995
  • Albanian terrorists and drug dealers in 1999

Each one of the chosen proxy is more astonishing than the next. Each choice of the proxy is more puzzling than the next.

Beograd  bomb muzej

The National Museum of Serbia in Belgrade

That Tito was Churchill’s hand-picked proxy in the Balkans is not a secret any more. From declassified letters Churchill sent to Roosevelt we see that Churchill insisted Roosevelt should stop supporting Serbian Royalists.

Doc. 345
CHURCHILL TO ROOSEVELT

No. 638

April 6, 1944

It is said that OSS [U.S. Office of Strategic Service] have received instructions, which have been approved by you, to arrange for a small intelligence mission to be infiltrated to General Michailivic’s headquarters, and we have been asked to organize the necessary arrangements.

We are now in process of withdrawing all our missions from Mihailovic and are pressing [Yugoslavia and Serbia] King Peter to clear himself of this millstone,… If, at this very time, an American mission arrives at Michailovic’s headquarters, it will show throughout the Balkans a complete contrariety of action between Britain and the United States. The Russians will certainly throw all their weight on Tito’s side, which we are backing to the full. Thus we shall get altogether out of step. I hope and trust this may be avoided.

 Published in
“Roosevelt and Churchill,
Their secret wartime correspondence,” page 482
Saturday Review Press / E.P. Dutton Co.
New York, 1975

Immediately, in the letter (Doc #346, No. 515) two days later (April 8, 1944) President Roosevelt agrees and says: “My thoughts in authorizing an OSS mission to the Mihailovic area was to obtain intelligence and the mission was to have no political functions whatever… I have directed that the contemplated mission be not repeat not sent.”

Not much persuasion needed. In English, whether British or American version of it the word “ally” actually means – a useful fool. Only months before, and maybe even during the time when the American President penned the above letter, the Royalist Chetniks were saving lives of American pilots fallen over Yugoslavia. Some six hundred of them! To viciously bomb Serbian cities by another group of American pilots was a typical cowboy way to say thanks.

In 1941 Churchill asked Serbs to commit suicide and say “No!” to Hitler at the time when he was at the peek of his power. The Serbs did it and paid with more than million lives! Churchill praised them at the time. Only three years later he was expressing his gratitude to the same astonishing people of Belgrade who dared chant to Hitler’s face “Rather war than the pact; rather death than slavery…” by viciously bombing them on their most important Christian holiday. On Easter Sunday!

Such is Western morality and every future ally of the  Brits and Americans should know the above story.

 


10 апреля 1941. Немецкая войска вошла в Загреб в Независимое государство Хорватии. Хорваты ПРИВЕТСТВОВАЛИ ИХ КАК ОСВОБОДИТЕЛЕЙ.

http://youtu.be/Tvw9nxukKos – Немецкая войска  в Загребе

Уже 30 апреля был издан указ, согласно которому сербы были обязаны носить повязку синего цвета с буквой «П» («православный»), а евреи – повязку со звездой Давида. Одновременно сербы и евреи были лишены гражданских прав.

jasenovac«Евреи и сербы являются не гражданами Хорватского независимого государства, а принадлежащими государству, – говорилось в постановлении правительства. – Только арийцы обладают политическими правами». Общественные места в Хорватии украсились табличками «Запрещен вход для сербов, евреев, цыган и собак». Вскоре началось выселение сербов и евреев из Загреба, а затем и массовые убийства.

ustasha hail

Убийства совершались усташами во всех провинциях Хорватии; убивали сотнями и тысячами, мужчин и женщин, стариков и детей. «20 августа 1941 года усташи арестовали всех сербских мужчин моего города и отвели их в близлежащий лес Копривницы, где их убили, – вспоминала очевидица событий. – Затем настала очередь их семей, которые были убиты в том же месте. Они насиловали женщин и девушек, отрезали им груди, сажали на колья детей, четвертовали стариков, предварительно ослепив их».
ustasa kolje
Вскоре на смену частным убийствам пришли убийства централизованные – в созданных летом и осенью 1941 г. «лагерях интернирования и работ». Начальник этих лагерей полковник Векослав Любурич впоследствии хвастался, что «уничтожил в лагере Ясеноваца больше людей, чем Оттоманская империя за весь долгий период оккупации европейских стран». А министр внутренних дел Хорватии Андрие Арткович утверждал, что в лагере Ясеноваца было убито около 700 тысяч человек но точное число жертв неизвестно до сих пор. По разным оценкам, именно в результате геноцида погибло от 700 000 до 1 500 000 сербов. Около 240 000 сербов были насильно обращены в католичество, ещё 400 000 были вынуждены бежать в централную Сербию. Из 30 000 хорватских евреев, истреблённых в годы войны, 23 000 погибли в лагерях НГХ, ещё 7 000 были депортированы и погибли в Освенциме. В числе погибших значатся и евреи, вывезенные с территории Сербии в лагеря НГХ. Количество погибших цыган составило около 80 000 человек. Помимо них в концлагерях усташей оказались также антифашисты и противники режима из числа других народов, включенных в составе НГХ.

axis-yugoslavia

Усташи проводили дифференцированную политику по отношению к народам, объявленным врагами. Разница в отношении к сербам и евреям заключалась в стремлении евреев уничтожить полностью, а сербов треть уничтожить, треть окатоличить, треть изгнать в Сербию. Таким образом, усташи планировали сделать свое государство полностью мононациональным.
Значительная часть жертв геноцида погибла или пострадала в многочисленных концлагерях, созданных хорватскими усташами. Сразу после провозглашения нового государства усташи начали создавать лагеря двух типов: депортационные и концентрационные. В первые людей отправляли для последующей депортации в Сербию и т. д. Такие лагеря находились в Цапраге близ Сисака, Беловаре и Славонска-Пожеге. Вторые стали местом массовых убийств и символом террора со стороны усташей.

deca jasenovac

Сербские дети в Јасеновце
В апреле-мае 1941 года в НГХ начинают создаваться первые концлагеря. Они были узаконены 23 ноября того же года под названием «Лагеря интернирования и работ» специальным постановлением Павелича и Артуковича. Лагеря были разбросаны по всем территориям, которые контролировали усташи. Из них только 2 просуществовали до конца войны — в Ясеноваце и Стара-Градишке. Управление ими возлагалось на “Усташскую службу надзора”. Первым управляющим лагерями стал Мийо Бабич, но в июне 1941 года он был убит сербскими партизанами. Его заменил новый усташский функционер Векослав Макс Любурич, остававшийся на своей должности до конца войны.

Этнорелигиозный геноцид, осуществлявшийся властями Независимого государства Хорватия, сопоставим с преступлениями нацистов в Польше и на оккупированной территории Советского Союза. Однако усташи обладали собственной политической субъектностью, преследовали собственные, отличные от нацистских, политические цели. И организованный ими геноцид – не часть нацистского геноцида, а самостоятельное преступление против человечности.

К сожалению, это преступление осталось практически безнаказанным. Глава Независимого государства Хорватия Анте Павелич скончался в декабре 1959 года в Мадриде, получив перед смертью личное благословение папы Иоанна XXIII. Руководитель хорватских лагерей смерти Векослав Любурич, обосновавшийся в том же Мадриде, вел активную общественную и издательскую деятельность до тех пор, пока в 1969 году не был убит неизвестным. Министр внутренних дел Андрие Артукович бежал в США, откуда был выдан Югославии только в 1986 году, незадолго до своей смерти. Один из идеологов геноцида архиепископ Хорватии Алоизие Степинац, которому подчинялись военные капелланы усташей, был осужден в 1946 году, однако провел в тюрьме все пять лет. В 1953 году он получил сан римского кардинала, а в 1998 году был причислен папой Иоанном Павлом II к лику блаженных – невзирая на протесты еврейских организаций.

http://www.genocide-jasenovac.info/index.php/jasenovac-clanci

http://www.jasenovac.eu/

http://topwar.ru/4314-prestuplenie-bez-nakazaniya-zabytyy-evropoy-genocid.html