On this day, in the 1999 NATO planes bombed the center of the town of Aleksinac, although the closest military installations were located kilometers away. Over 17 civilians were brutally killed. As for the NATO, especially USA and Turkey, murdering 17 Serbs in their own homes was not a crime, so they constructed the syntagm “collateral damage” to describe the mass killing of Serbian civilians, omitting such words as ‘murder’ ‘killing’ ‘crime’

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On April 5, 1999, at 9:40 p.m., the downtown residential area of Aleksinac was hit by five missiles. Ten persons were killed, 12 suffered grave injuries and over 40 suffered minor bodily injuries. A dozen houses were destroyed and a large number of houses, facilities of “Angrokolonijal” and “EMPA” companies, outpatients and emergency hospital, many shops and passenger cars were heavily damaged, as well as the old road to the Aleksinac mines. The following persons lost their lives: Jovan Radojičić (1924), Sofija Radojičić (1919), Vojislav Jovanović (1907), Radojka Jovanović (1913), Dragomir Miladinović (1932), Snežana Miladinović (1959), Velimir Stanković (1947), Ljubica Miladinović (1936), Gvozden Milivojević (1906) and Bogomir Arsić (1930).

I Kri.No. 24/99

Investigation Report

Made on April 6, 1999 by the investigative judge of the Aleksinac Municipal Court relating to the bombing of Aleksinac by NATO warplanes on April 5, 1999, which caused the death of several persons, serious and minor injuries of several persons and extensive material damage.

PRESENT ON BEHALF OF THE COURT:

INVESTIGATIVE JUDGE,
Nebojša Colić
PRESIDENT OF THE COURT,
Radomir Filipović
DISTRICT ATTORNEY’s
OFFICE, Aleksinac
Radiša Stojanović
Ivan Stanojević
COURT CLERK,
Sladjana Djordjević
FORENSIC TECHNICIAN:
Rade Dimitrijević
EXPERT CONSULT
Kiro Stojkovski
Novica Pešić
Budimir Marković

The investigation started at 10:00 a.m.

The investigative judge, after having personally established and received information from Aleksinac Police Department that NATO warplanes had bombed Aleksinac on April 5, 1999, visited the scene on the night of 5/6 April and conducted an investigation on April 6, 1999. The investigation started at 10:00 a.m. due to the fact that in the interim period responsible departments were engaged in extinguishing the fire and clearing the debris.

Also present at the scene were members of Aleksinac and Niš police forces who secured the area.

The investigation was carried out in daylight, with good visibility and no precipitation.

The NATO bombing took place on April 5, 1999, around 9:40 p.m. Several missiles were fired at the residential area of Aleksinac, away from military facilities, thus causing extensive damage and loss of many lives.

DESCRIPTION OF THE SCENE

One missile was fired at the residential area of Aleksinac, at house numbers 58 to 64 on Dušan Trivunac Street, behind the outpatients hospital of the Aleksinac Health Center. Behind the outpatients hospital were the houses Nos. 56 owned by Gvozden Milivojević, 58 owned by Vojislav Jovanović, 60 owned by Jovan Radojičić, 62 owned Vlada Živanović, 64 owned by Tomislav Milutinović, grill restaurant owned by Slaviša Petković and an apartment block “Zelena pijaca P+VP+5+PO”. Across the street were the houses Nos. 31 owned by Zoran Stamenković, 33 owned by Kosovka Simović, 35 owned by Vukašin Djokić and 37 owned by Zoran Miljković. The houses from Nos. 56 to 64 were almost entirely destroyed resulting in the collapse of roof structures, upper and ground floors and eventually in burying several persons and furniture underneath.

Another missile was fired at Vuk Karadžić Street, at the houses on the left-hand side of the street Nos. 21 owned by Slobodan Sekulović, 23 owned by Miodrag Marinković, 25 owned by Tomislav Stojković, 27-29 owned by Dragomir Miladinović, 31 owned by Branko Stevanović, 33 owned by Srbislav Stojanović, 35 owned by Ljubisav Todorović and 37 owned by Mileta Miletić, and on the houses on the right-hand side of the street Nos. 4 owned by Dragan Marinković, 6 owned by Novica Dragićević, 8 owned by Tomislav Mihajlović, 10 owned by Mirjana Radivojević, 12 owned by Bratislav Pejčić, 16 owned by Dragan Mladenović, 18 owned by Rade Stojanović, 22 owned by Najdan Jonić, 26 owned by Dragoljub Živadinović. The strongest impact was probably on the house belonging to Dragomir Miladinović since it is completely ruined and other houses were damaged in a similar way.

One missile hit the lot of DTP “Angrokolonijal” company located between the warehouse of the mentioned company and DP “EMPA” Aleksinac.

A 10 m x 10 m crater, 3 m deep, is 6 meters away from the fence facing the street of Petar Zec towards the old highway. This is the place where Velimir Stanković, the watchman of DTP “Angrokolonijal”, was killed while sitting in the watchman’s house of DP “EMPA” together with Veroljub Milutinović, the watchman of DP “EMPA”. A pool of blood, 1.5 m x 1.00 m large, was found in the area between the end of the watchman’s house and the interior of DP “EMPA”, 2.5 meters from an iron cover bearing post. Between the end of the watchman’s house and the above mentioned place, 0.30 m away, another pool of blood was found, 0.20 m x 0.20 m large. Blood stains were discovered on the wall of the watchman’s house facing DP “EMPA”.

Another missile fell on the lot between DP “Betonjerka”, Aleksinac and “Šumatovac” driving school, 25 m from the DP “Betonjerka” fence towards the “Šumatovac” driving school and 30 m from the road on the north side. A 3 m deep crater is of the size 10 m x 10 m.

The investigative judge was informed by the Aleksinac police that one missile hit the “Deligrad” barracks in Aleksinac, but since the investigation thereof was conducted by military authorities, the investigative judge did not visit the location.

The forensic technician photographed and made sketches of all the above mentioned locations. They were also filmed with a camera by the Niš Police Department. The material will constitute an integral part of this report.

DAMAGE

Civilian buildings, i.e. residential houses on Dušan Trivunac Street, from Nos. 56 to 62, are completely destroyed, whereas the houses from Nos. 31 to 37 on the same street are greatly damaged. The same applies to the houses on Vuk Karadžić Street, from Nos. 21 to 43 and 4 to 26. Also considerable damage was inflicted on the facilities of DP “FRAD”, “Jelka Radulović”, “EMPA”, “Istrana”, DP “Angrokolonijal”, “Živinarstvo” “PIK” Aleksinac, DP Konfekcije “Morava”, DP “Betonjerka”, as well as all private and socially owned shops and cafes on Knjaz Miloš Street and other streets of Aleksinac. Therefore, the investigative judge appointed expert consultants to establish the type and nature of the damage and the exact locations of missile impacts. Their report will be attached to this report as its integral part. Also an integral part of this report will be the report of the Commission for damage assessment established by the Aleksinac Civil Defense Headquarters. The Commission will personally investigate and assess the damage on locations, based on citizens’ reports.

Due to objective circumstances, the investigative judge is at this point of time unable to assess the extent of damage which is indubitably huge, because the majority of buildings in town and its broader area are damaged.

PERSONS INVOLVED

As a result of the event, the below mentioned persons were killed and found on the spot. Following the investigative judge’s order, an autopsy was performed by the Forensic Institute of Niš on: Velimir Stanković from Draževac, born December 5, 1947, father’s name Ljubiša; Jovan Radojičić from Aleksinac, born February 8, 1924, father’s name Aleksandar; Sofija Radojičić from Aleksinac, born November 29, 1919, father’s name Nikola; Dragomir Miladinović from Aleksinac, born August 1, 1932, father’s name Vidojko; Snežana Miladinović from Aleksinac, born June 20, 1959, father’s name Dragomir; Vojislav Jovanović from Aleksinac, born December 26, 1907, father’s name Milan; Radojka Jovanović from Aleksinac, born November 21, 1913, father’s name Novak; Gvozden Milivojević, born September 3, 1906, father’s name Dragoljub; Ljubica Miladinović from Aleksinac, born June 5, 1936, father’s name Tihomir; Bogomir Arsić from Aleksinac, born July 13, 1930, father’s name Marko.

The following persons have suffered severe wounds and are hospitalized in Niš Clinical Centre; Slobodan Mladenović from Aleksinac, born October 21, 1951, father’s name Živomir; Dragoljub Todorović from Aleksinac, born April 1, 1925, father’s
name Radisav; Branislava Stevanović, from Aleksinac, born September 1, 1931, father’s name Vojislav.

The following persons have suffered severe wounds and are hospitalized in Aleksinac Medical Centre: Veroljub Milutinović from Glogovica, born August 1, 1947, father’s name Djordje.

The following persons suffered minor injuries and were retained at the Aleksinac Medical Centre for further treatment, after they had received first aid: Vukica Miladinović from Aleksinac, born June 10, 1961, father’s name Jovan; Marko Miladinović from Aleksinac, born June 3, 1988, father’s name Bratislav; Dijana Miladinović from Aleksinac, born January 23, 1984, father’s name Bratislav; Dragica Milivojević from Aleksinac, born July 22, 1919, father’s name Stevan; and Branko Stevanović from Aleksinac, born October 11, 1929, father’s name Sreten.

The following persons suffered minor injuries and were released home after having received first aid: Boban Stojanović from Aleksinac, born December 28, 1959, father’s name Srboljub; Vesna Stojanović from Aleksinac, 33 Vuk Karadžić St., born November 1, 1963, father’s name Srboljub; Srboljub Stojanović from Aleksinac, 33 Vuk Karadžić St., born July 26, 1938, father’s name Dragutin; Marija Stojanović from Aleksinac, 33 Vuk Karadžić St., born November 19, 1938, father’s name Josip; Verica Miletić from Aleksinac, 37 Vuk Karadžić St., born November 28, 1959, father’s name Vlada; Slavimir Miletić from Aleksinac, 37 Vuk Karadžić St., born October 3, 1956, father’s name Miroslav; Dušan Miletić from Aleksinac, 37 Vuk Karadžić St., born May 4, 1985, father’s name Slavimir; Stefan Miletić from Aleksinac, 37 Vuk Karadžić St., born May 4, 1985, father’s name Slavimir; Ružica Šljivić from Aleksinac, 45 Aca Milojević St., born January 28, 1961, father’s name Miodrag; Zagorka Marinković from Aleksinac, 4 Vuk Karadžić St., born June 8, 1933, father’s name Živojin; Srbislav Stefanović from Aleksinac, 35 Vuk Karadžić St., born April 1, 1950, father’s name Miodrag; Nataša Stefanović from Aleksinac, bb Vuk Karadžić St., born August 5, 1985, father’s name Zoran; Vesna Stefanović from Aleksinac, bb Vuk Karadžić St., born November 10, 1956, father’s name Stojan; Radmila Projović from Aleksinac, 19 Drakče Milovanović St., born December 17, 1938, father’s name Aleksandar; Ljiljana Milutinović from Aleksinac, 64 Dušan Trivunac St., born March 7, 1938, father’s name Živojin; Nadežda Živadinović from Aleksinac, 26 Vuk Karadžić St., born March 29, 1944, father’s name Ljubomir; Dragoljub Milošević from Aleksinac, 39 Vuk Karadžić St., born September 25, 1933, father’s name Radisav; Desanka Rakočević, 22 Vuk Karadžić St., born November 12, 1934, father’s name Milutin; Slavoljub Rakočević from Aleksinac, 22 Vuk Karadžić St., born December 15, 1961, father’s name Božidar; Bratislav Živadinović from Aleksinac, 26 Vuk Karadžić St., born November 25, 1955, father’s name Dragoljub; Zagorka Todorović from Aleksinac, 25 Vuk Karadžić St., born March 3, 1929, father’s name Vojislav; Vukašin Djokić from Aleksinac, 35 Dušan Trivunac St., born April 3, 1934, father’s name Velimir; Vladimir Janković from Aleksinac, 140/1 Knjaz Miloš St., born April 7, 1952, father’s name Djordje; Jorgovan Banković from Jovanovac, Merošina municipality, born February 1, 1963, father’s name Dostan; Goran Stojković from Lužani, Aleksinac municipality, born September 30, 1961, father’s name Vukašin; Todor Petrić from Aleksinac, 11 Zele Veljković St., born July 15, 1962, father’s name Milivoj.

At the time of completing of this report, there were no other Aleksinac police or citizens’ reports as to further casualties.

The majority of Aleksinac inhabitants were eye-witnesses to the event. Zoran Bogdanović, a field operative of Aleksinac Police Department, directly noted down their identification details.

ALEKSINAC MUNICIPAL COURT, April 6, 1999.

Clerk:
(sgd) Sladjana Djordjević
Seal affixed Investigative judge:
(sgd) Nebojša Colić

REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR
Niš Secretariat of the Interior
Aleksinac Police Department
PU No._____/99
April 6, 1999
Aleksinac

OFFICIAL MEMO

Made on April 6, 1999 by second lieutenant Zoran Bogdanović, an authorized official of the criminal investigation division of Aleksinac Police Department, with respect to his visiting the scene on Aleksinac streets of Dušan Trivunac, Vuk Karadžić, Petar Zec and Knez Miloš related to the bombing of civilian, industrial, military and other facilities by NATO warplanes.

On April 5, 1999 around 9:30 p.m., NATO aggressor’s planes bombed downtown Aleksinac and killed seven persons, severely or slightly wounded 38 and inflicted extensive material damage. For that reason, on April 6, 1999, at 10:00 a.m., I visited the location together with Nebojša Colić, an investigative judge of the Aleksinac Municipal Court, Aleksandar Petkovic, District Attorney, and Rade Dimitrijević, technician-forensic and other representatives of the criminal investigation police of the Niš Secretariat of the Interior. The situation on the spot was the following:

One missile – bomb fell on the family house of Jovan Radojičić, 60 Dušan Trivunac Street, and razed it to the ground. Also completely destroyed were the family houses No. 58 owned by Vojislav Jovanović, No. 62-1 owned by Vlada Živković, No. 62 owned by Vojislav Jovanović, No. 58-1 owned by Gvozden Milivojević and No. 64 owned by Tomislav Milutinović. During the clearing of rubble of the house No. 60 a male corpse was discovered, sitting in a chair and holding a playing card. Identification performed on the spot confirmed that it was Jovan Radojičić, father’s name Aleksandar, born February 8, 1924 in Sivčina, Ivanjica municipality, residence address in Aleksinac, 60 D. Trivunac St., a retired police commander, identification number 0802924731337. A woman’s body in a sitting position was found 1 m away from the deceased Jovan. It was established on the spot that the woman was Jovan’s wife, Sofija Radojičić, father’s name Nikola, born November 29, 1919 in Sivčina, Ivanjica municipality, residence address in Aleksinac, 60 D. Trivunac St., a housewife. The bodies were pulled out from the ruins and transferred to the chapel of the Aleksinac Medical Centre.

The bodies of one male and one female were found in the ruins of the family house No. 58. The female corpse was torn apart. It was established on the spot that the bodies were of Vojislav Jovanović, father’s name Mikan, born December 26, 1907 in Aleksinac, residence address in Aleksinac, 58 D. Trivunac St., a retired teacher, and his wife Radojka Jovanović, father’s name Novak, born November 21, 1913 in the village of Mol, Senta municipality, residence address in Aleksinac, 58 D. Trivunac St., a retired teacher.

On the left-hand side of the same street, towards Niš, and opposite the place where the bomb fell, houses Nos. 33 owned by Kosovka Simović and 35 owned by Vukoman Djokić were completely destroyed, while the roof and front wall of No. 37, owned by Zoran Miljković, were destroyed and the house is uninhabitable. There is visible damage on all houses on D. Trivunac street, such as broken windows and the like.

Also damaged is the building of outpatients hospital and emergency ward located in close proximity, on the corner of D. Milovanović and D. Trivunac streets. The damage was inflicted on the facade, roof, windows and equipment.

The damage inflicted on the houses on D. Milovanović St. involve broken and fallen roof tiles, broken windows, etc. The roof and parts of the walls of Mića Jovanović’s house were torn down. The house, situated immediately behind the outpatients hospital, is uninhabitable.

An apartment building situated immediately next to the location, viewed from Života Cvetković street, was also damaged. All apartments have broken window panes and demolished door and window frames. The facade and balconies are also damaged, as well as the furniture inside the apartments. Shops and business premises located on the entire ground and first floors on the side of the building facing Života Cvetković street are also damaged. There is visible damage on windows, etc. on the front side of the building facing Major Tepić street. Damage caused by bomb fragments and detonations is visible on the facades of all family houses on Života Cvetković street. The house No. 2, owned by Branislav Jevtić, is completely destroyed.

Another missile-bomb hit the house No. 27 on Vuk Karadžić street and completely destroyed both this and neighbouring houses. The owner of the house was Dragomir Miladinović. The bodies of a male and a female were found in the basement under the ruins. It was established on the spot that those were Dragomir Miladinović, father’s name Vidojko, born August 1, 1932 in Žitkovac, residence address in Aleksinac, 27 Vuk Karadžić St., ID number 0108932731342, and his daughter Snežana Miladinović, born June 20, 1959 in Aleksinac, residence address in Aleksinac, 27 Vuk Karadžić St. The bodies were transported to the chapel of Aleksinac hospital. The following family houses on the said street are either completely demolished or damaged: No. 21 owned by Slobodan Sekulović, No. 23 owned by Miodrag and Dragoslav Marinković, No. 25 owned by Tomislav Stojanović, No. 31 owned by Branislav Stefanović, Nos. 10 and 12 owned by Bratislav Pejčić, No. 14 owned by Dragan Mladenović, No. 16 owned by Lazar Antić, No. 18 owned by Radovan Stojanović, No. 20 owned by Miodrag Nikolić, No. 22 owned by Najdan Jonić, No. 26 owned by Dragoljub Živadinović, No. 35 owned by Dragoljub Todorović, No. 37 owned by Miroslav Miletić, No. 39 owned by Dragoljub Milošević, No. 22 owned by Božidar Rakočević and No. 24 owned by Radoslav Živadinović. A dozen passenger cars were also destroyed. There is visible damage on other houses, such as broken windows, smashed doors, etc.

Completely destroyed are flats in four-storey buildings, especially Nos. 40/5, 40/4 and 40/3 on Vojska Jugoslavije street, including the facade and balconies on the back side facing the place of explosion. Windows and doors are disjoint out and glasses are broken. There is also considerable damage on apartment buildings Nos. 40/2 and 40/1, as well as on the house No. 19 at the corner of Vuk Karadžić and Vojska Jugoslavije streets. An unnumbered building at the corner of an intersection between Vuk Karadžić and Major Tepić streets is damaged, too. The damage is visible on windows, doors, facade and furniture inside the apartments.

Northwards, on the left-hand side of Petar Zec Street, a third crater made by an explosion of a bomb was discovered in an empty space of the storage area of DTP “Angrokolonijal”, about 4 meters from the street. It is 3 m deep and around 4 m wide. The explosion damaged the storehouse of “Angrokolonijal” and caused the collapse of roof structure and watchman’s house. One freight vehicle and one passenger car were damaged as well. Also damaged are: cold storage plant of PIK Aleksinac, GP “Moravica”, Niš “Stokpromet” building and poultry incubator plant and office building of “Živinarstvo”. Roof structures and window panes on all production plants and warehouses of “EMPA” company were damaged. The watchman’s house is partially destroyed.

Velimir Stanković, DTP “Angrokolonijal” watchman, father’s name Ljubiša, born December 5, 1947 and living in Draževac, ID number 0512947731336, was killed by bomb fragments outside the EMPA watchman’s house. He was immediately taken to the surgical ward of Aleksinac Medical Centre where the doctors established his death. The body was placed in the hospital chapel.

All the buildings on Petar Zec street have broken windows and other damage.

Two explosions occurred inside the compound of the “Deligrad” barracks, causing huge material damage. We did not conduct the investigation there. It was done by a military investigation team.

A sixth bomb fell beside the old highway, on the right-hand side towards Belgrade, at about 5 m from the road itself and about 25 m from the barracks fence. The bomb fell on an empty space making a crater about 3 m deep and about 4 m wide. Fragments of the bomb were found at the bottom of the crater and in its surroundings.

A seventh bomb – missile exploded in an empty space between “Betonjerka” and “Šumatovac” driving school, on the left-hand side of the highway towards Belgrade. A crater of a regular shape, about 4 m deep and about 5 m wide, was found on the spot. The detonation and bomb fragments damaged the “Betonjerka” administration building, concrete fence and a storage tank inside the fence. All the administration building windows have cracked, as well as the glass on petrol stations of “Beopetrol” and “Jugopetrol”.

All family houses and apartment buildings, shops and restaurants, private and state companies on Knez Miloš street are damaged. The damage is inflicted on skylights, shop windows, doors, roofs and facades. Also damaged are buildings in the wider area. It is estimated that more than 600 buildings have been damaged.

The investigative judge, District Attorney, President of the Court and officers of the Niš Secretariat of the Interior and Aleksinac police have agreed that the citizens will be instructed through the media to submit their indemnity claims, including the description and extent of the damage, to the Aleksinac Municipal Court.

According to the order issued by the investigative judge Nebojša Colić, an autopsy is to be performed of all bodies on the hospital premises in Aleksinac by medical experts from the Niš Forensic Institute.

An investigation report will be made by the investigative judge and submitted later.

The location has been photographed in order to prepare a forensic and technical file. The location and all the damaged buildings have been video- taped.

According to the information gathered from medical institutions, 7 severely wounded persons have been hospitalized in the Niš clinical centre and one severely wounded person was retained for treatment at the surgical ward of Aleksinac hospital. Five slightly wounded persons are being treated at the Aleksinac Medical Centre, while 27 slightly wounded persons sought medical assistance and were released thereafter. Names of the killed, slightly and severely wounded persons were given in the annex to the dispatch No. 984/99 dated April 7, 1999 attached herewith.

An informative interview about the event was held on the spot with Vukoman Djokić, residing at 35 D. Milovanović Street, immediately across the locality of the first bomb explosion. Vukoman stated that, at the time, he was in the house with his family. Sometime around 9:20 p.m. he heard the sound of planes over Aleksinac and warned his family about the possible bombing. After thirty seconds he heard a strong detonation which knocked him and his family off the chairs. For a time he was unaware of what had happened, but then he noticed that the door was blown out and that the roof fell down. He ran out of the house and saw fire, smoke and demolished houses across.

Attachment: Dispatch No. 984/99 (annex) dated April 7, 1999.

Authorized official
Second Lieutenant
(sgd) Zoran Bogdanović

REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR
Niš Secretariat of the Interior
Aleksinac Police Department
PU No._____/99
April 6, 1999
Aleksinac

OFFICIAL MEMO

Made on April 6, 1999 by second lieutenant Zoran Bogdanović, an authorized official, relating to an informative interview held with Saša Stojanović, father’s name Radivoje, from Aleksinac, 18 Vuk Karadžić St.

On April 6, 1999 I conducted an informative interview with Saša Stojanović concerning a bomb explosion in the immediate neighbourhood of his house. In the course of the interview, Saša stated that in the evening of April 5, 1999 he was in his house, with his wife Sladjana, his two underage children, his father Radivoje and sister Jelena. Around or a few minutes before 9:30 p.m. he heard a strong noise of airplanes over his house. For a short while the airplanes went away, but were heard again after a couple of minutes. Then he heard a strong detonation, most probably caused by a bomb or a missile. A blazing light could be seen through the window. After a few seconds, another and much stronger detonation was heard, the house was flooded with light, followed by an intense impact, the glasses broke and things started falling to the floor. He could smell smoke and dust. Then he heard screams and cries for help. When he went outside he saw demolished houses and a huge cloud of smoke and dust and he realized that the detonation took place very close, across his own house. After he had taken care of his family, he returned to the spot in order to help his neighbours in distress.

Authorized official
Second Lieutenant
(sgd) Zoran Bogdanović

REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR
Niš Secretariat of the Interior
Aleksinac Police Department
PU No._____/99
April 7, 1999
Aleksinac

OFFICIAL MEMO

Made on April 7, 1999 by second lieutenant Zoran Bogdanović, an authorized official of the criminal investigation division of Aleksinac Police Department, with respect to an informative interview with Veroljub Milutinović, father’s name Djordje, resident of Glogovica.

On April 7, 1999, at 4:00 p.m., I conducted an informative interview at the surgical ward of Aleksinac Medical Centre with Veroljub Milutinović, an EMPA watchman, concerning the bomb explosion which took place on April 5, 1999 at approximately 9:30 p.m. in close proximity of the watchman’s house. During the interview, Veroljub stated that he was on duty that night. Around 9:30 p.m., while he was watching TV news, he heard the noise of several planes. With him at the time was Velimir Stanković, a DTP “Angrokolonijal” watchman, who had come to watch the news. The sound of airplanes slowly faded away, and then was heard again after about two minutes. Suddenly he heard a powerful explosion and saw a strong light. His colleague, Velimir Stanković, headed for his post. When he was in front of the watchman’s house, a strong detonation was heard and metal sheets and glass started falling all over him. He fell down and does not have any further recollection.

Milutinović suffered severe injuries and is currently hospitalized at the surgical ward of Aleksinac Medical Centre.

Authorized official
Second Lieutenant
(sgd) Zoran Bogdanović

REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR
Niš Secretariat of the Interior
Aleksinac Police Department
PU No._____/99
April 6, 1999
Aleksinac

OFFICIAL MEMO

Made on April 6, 1999 by second lieutenant Zoran Bogdanović, an authorized official, with respect to an informative interview held with Vukoman Djokić from Aleksinac, 35 Dušan Trivunac St.

On April 6, 1999 I conducted an informative interview with Vukoman Djokić concerning the bomb explosion in close proximity of his house. During the interview, Vukoman stated that in the night of April 5, 1999 he was in his house with his wife. Sometime around 9:20 p.m. he heard a strong noise of planes over his house. He immediately warned his wife saying: “Its Aleksinac’s turn now. They are surely going to bomb us.” Then the sound of planes started to fade away, but after a couple of minutes it became stronger and stronger. All of a sudden he heard an explosion and saw a blazing light. After that, another stronger explosion was heard and his house was flooded with light. He fell off the chair and objects started falling to the floor. He could smell gunpowder and dust. When he managed to pull himself together, he left the house and saw across a huge fire, smoke and a cloud of dust. People were screaming and crying for help. It was then that he realized that the bomb had exploded just across his house. He suffered slight injuries.

Authorized official
Second Lieutenant
(sgd) Zoran Bogdanović

REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR
Niš Secretariat of the Interior
Aleksinac Police Department
PU No._____/99
April 6, 1999
Aleksinac

OFFICIAL MEMO

Made on April 6, 1999 by second lieutenant Zoran Bogdanović, an authorized official, with respect to an informative interview held with Snežana Vesić, father’s name Lazar, from Aleksinac, 16 Vuk Karadžić St.

On 6 April, 1999 I conducted an informative interview with Snežana Vesić concerning the bomb explosion in the vicinity of her house. During the interview, Snežana Vesić stated that, at the time, she was in the house with her husband Milomir, son Oliver and daughter Violeta. Sometime around 9:20 p.m. she heard the sound of several planes over her house. They went away, but after a minute or two a strong noise was heard again. Then she heard a detonation and saw a blazing light through the window. They all ran out, went behind the house and lay down on the walkway by the wall. At that moment she heard a powerful detonation. Roof tiles, glass, and other objects started falling on them. She could feel the smell of smoke and dust. After a few minutes she heard her neighbours calling and asking them if they were alive. When she stood up and went to the street, she saw demolished houses across and heard screams and cries for help. Her husband suffered slight injures caused by falling objects. He was immediately taken to the surgical ward of the Aleksinac hospital.

Authorized official
Second Lieutenant
(sgd) Zoran Bogdanović

FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA
REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
Aleksinac Municipality

DEATH CERTIFICATE

Issued according to the death register for the area of Aleksinac, under No. 92 for the year 1999, for the following entry of death:

First name and sex VELIMIR, male
Surname and surname from
previous marriage, if any
STANKOVIĆ, ne Stanković
Identification number
Day, month, year and time of death 5 (fifth) April, 1999
Place and municipality of death Aleksinac, Aleksinac
Day, month and year of birth December 5, 1947
Place and municipality of birth;
for persons born abroad also country
Draževac, Aleksinac
Citizenship Rep. of Serbia and FRY
Domicile and address Draževac
Marital status Married
Name, surname and surname of spouse before marriage, from previous marriage, if any Dušica Stanković
Names and surname of parents of the deceased
father
Ljubiša Stanković
mother /////////////
Additional notes and remarks ////////////
No. 92/1999
Date: April 10, 1999
Place: Aleksinac
Registrar’s signature
Radica Pešić

Seal affixed

Conformity of the transcript with the original
certified by: Court file administrator (sgd)

FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA
REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
Aleksinac Municipality

DEATH CERTIFICATE

Issued according to the death register for the area of Aleksinac, under No. 89 for the year 1999, for the following entry of death:

First name and sex JOVAN, male
Surname and surname from
previous marriage, if any
RADOJIČIĆ, ne Radojičić
Identification number
Day, month, year and time of death 5 (fifth) April, 1999
Place and municipality of death Aleksinac, Aleksinac
Day, month and year of birth 8 February, 1924
Place and municipality of birth;
for persons born abroad also country
Sivčina, Ivanjica
Citizenship Rep. of Serbia and FRY
Domicile and address Aleksinac, 60 Dušan Trivunac St.
Marital status Married
Name, surname and surname of spouse before marriage, from previous marriage, if any Sofija Radojičić, ne Bogdanović
Names and surname of parents of the deceased
father
Aleksandar Radojičić
mother Draginja Radojičić
Additional notes and remarks ////////////
No. 92/1999
Date: April 10, 1999
Place: Aleksinac
Registrar’s signature
Radica Pešić

FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA
REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
Aleksinac Municipality

DEATH CERTIFICATE

Issued according to the death register for the area of Aleksinac, under No. 88 for the year 1999, for the following entry of death:

First name and sex SOFIJA, female
Surname and surname from
previous marriage, if any
RADOJIČIĆ, ne Bogdanović
Identification number
Day, month, year and time of death 5 (fifth) April, 1999
Place and municipality of death Aleksinac, Aleksinac
Day, month and year of birth November 29, 1919
Place and municipality of birth;
for persons born abroad also country
Sivčina, Ivanjica
Citizenship Rep. of Serbia and FRY
Domicile and address Aleksinac, 60 Dušan Trivunac St.
Marital status Married
Name, surname and surname of spouse before marriage, from previous marriage, if any Jovan Radojičić
Names and surname of parents of the deceased
father
Nikola Bogdanović
mother Sara Bogdanović
Additional notes and remarks ////////////
No. 92/1999
Date: April 10, 1999
Place: Aleksinac
Registrar’s signature
Radica Pešić

Seal affixed

Conformity of the transcript with the original
certified by: Court file administrator (sgd)

FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA
REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
Aleksinac Municipality

DEATH CERTIFICATE

Issued according to the death register for the area of Aleksinac, under No. 93 for the year 1999, for the following entry of death:

First name and sex DRAGOMIR, male
Surname and surname from
previous marriage, if any
MILADINOVIĆ, ne Miladinović
Identification number
Day, month, year and time of death 5 (fifth) April, 1999
Place and municipality of death Aleksinac, Aleksinac
Day, month and year of birth Avgust 2, 1932
Place and municipality of birth;
for persons born abroad also country
Žitkovac, Aleksinac
Citizenship Rep. of Serbia and FRY
Domicile and address Aleksinac, 27 Vuk Karadžić St.
Marital status Married
Name, surname and surname of spouse before marriage, from previous marriage, if any Ljubica Miladinović
Names and surname of parents of the deceased
father
Vidojko Miladinović
mother Vukosava Miladinović
Additional notes and remarks ////////////
No. 93/1999
Date: April 10, 1999
Place: Aleksinac
Registrar’s signature
Radica Pešić

Seal affixed

Conformity of the transcript with the original
certified by: Court file administrator (sgd)

FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA
REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
Aleksinac Municipality

DEATH CERTIFICATE

Issued according to the death register for the area of Aleksinac, under No. 94 for the year 1999, for the following entry of death:

First name and sex SNEŽANA, female
Surname and surname from
previous marriage, if any
MILADINOVIĆ, ne Miladinović
Identification number
Day, month, year and time of death 5 (fifth) April, 1999
Place and municipality of death Aleksinac, Aleksinac
Day, month and year of birth June 20, 1959
Place and municipality of birth;
for persons born abroad also country
Aleksinac, Aleksinac
Citizenship Rep. of Serbia and FRY
Domicile and address Aleksinac, 27 Vuk Karadžić St.
Marital status Single
Name, surname and surname of spouse before marriage, from previous marriage, if any
Names and surname of parents of the deceased
father
Dragomir Miladinović
mother Ljubica Miladinović
Additional notes and remarks ////////////
No. 93/1999
Date: April 10, 1999
Place: Aleksinac
Registrar’s signature
Radica Pešić

Seal affixed

Conformity of the transcript with the original
certified by: Court file administrator (sgd)

FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA
REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
Aleksinac Municipality

DEATH CERTIFICATE

Issued according to the death register for the area of Aleksinac, under No. 86 for the year 1999, for the following entry of death:

First name and sex VOJISLAV, male
Surname and surname from
previous marriage, if any
JOVANOVIĆ, ne Jovanović
Identification number
Day, month, year and time of death 5 (fifth) April, 1999
Place and municipality of death Aleksinac, Aleksinac
Day, month and year of birth December 26, 1907
Place and municipality of birth;
for persons born abroad also country
Aleksinac, Aleksinac
Citizenship Rep. of Serbia and FRY
Domicile and address Aleksinac, 58 Drakče Milovanović St.
Marital status Married
Name, surname and surname of spouse before marriage, from previous marriage, if any Radojka Jovanović, ne Lolin
Names and surname of parents of the deceased
father
Milan Jovanović
mother Tomanija Jovanović
Additional notes and remarks ////////////
No. 86/1999
Date: April 10, 1999
Place: Aleksinac
Registrar’s signature
Radica Pešić

Seal affixed

Conformity of the transcript with the original
certified by: Court file administrator (sgd)

FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA
REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
Aleksinac Municipality

DEATH CERTIFICATE

Issued according to the death register for the area of Aleksinac, under No. 87 for the year 1999, for the following entry of death:

First name and sex RADOJKA, female
Surname and surname from
previous marriage, if any
JOVANOVIĆ, ne Lolin
Identification number
Day, month, year and time of death 5 (fifth) April, 1999
Place and municipality of death Aleksinac, Aleksinac
Day, month and year of birth December 4, 1913
Place and municipality of birth;
for persons born abroad also country
Mol, Srbobran
Citizenship Rep. of Serbia and FRY
Domicile and address Aleksinac, 58 Drakče Milovanović St.
Marital status Married
Name, surname and surname of spouse before marriage, from previous marriage, if any Vojislav Jovanović
Names and surname of parents of the deceased
father
Novak Lolin
mother Vasilija Lolin
Additional notes and remarks ////////////
No. 87/1999
Date: April 10, 1999
Place: Aleksinac
Registrar’s signature
Radica Pešić

Seal affixed

Conformity of the transcript with the original
certified by: Court file administrator (sgd)

FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA
REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
Sokobanja Municipality

DEATH CERTIFICATE

Issued according to the death register for the area of Sokobanja, under No. 60 for the year 1999, for the following entry of death:

First name and sex GVOZDEN, male
Surname and surname from
previous marriage, if any
MILIVOJEVIĆ
Identification number 0309906731313
Day, month, year and time of death 16 (sixteenth) April, 1999, 11 p.m.
Place and municipality of death Sokobanja, Sokobanja
Day, month and year of birth September 3, 1906
Place and municipality of birth;
for persons born abroad also country
Mozgovo, Aleksinac
Citizenship Rep. of Serbia and FRY
Domicile and address Aleksinac, 56 Dušan Trivunac St.
Marital status Married
Name, surname and surname of spouse before marriage, from previous marriage, if any Dragica Milivojević
Names and surname of parents of the deceased
father
Dragoljub Milivojević
mother Milena Milivojević
Additional notes and remarks ////////////
No. 203/99-04
Date: April 10, 1999
Place: Sokobanja
Registrar’s signature
Radica Pešić

Seal affixed

Conformity of the transcript with the original
certified by: Court file administrator (sgd)

No.S-54/99
6 April 1999, Niš
81 Braće Taskovića St.
Tel: 333-776

AUTOPSY REPORT

Made on 6 April 1999 during the examination and autopsy of the corps of the late VELIMIR STANKOVIĆ from the village Draževac, municipality of Aleksinac.

The autopsy is made on request of the investigative judge N. Conić of the Municipal Court of Aleksinac.

Autopsy performed by Prof. Dr. Milija Spalević

Recording by clerk B. Stojanović

Autopsy started at 2.30 p.m.

In identifying the corps the following data have been established.

Name and surname: Velimir Stanković

Father’s name: Ljubiša

Place and date of birth: v. Draževac, 1947

Domicile: v.Draževac, municipality of Aleksinac

Occupation: worker

Date and hour of death: 5 April 1999 at 9:40 p.m.

DATA: The investigation team has reported that the late Velimir Stanković was killed while at work, in the explosion caused by the NATO armed forces attack.

DESCRIPTION OF THE CLOTHES

The trunk of the corps is dressed in a dark blue synthetic cardigan, which is ripped away at the right shoulder. Under it is a grayish brown round neck woollen sweater, and under it a sweater with horizontal stripes in the form of black, purple, white and green squares. Under this is a white vest. The lower part of the corps is dressed in trousers buttoned up at the front, with the label „Durlan” 1988 on it. There is an orange plastic lighter and a pack of Morava filter cigarettes in the left pocket of the cardigan. There is money in the left pocket of the trousers, 65 Dinars in banknotes, which has been handed to Miroljub \or|ević from Aleksinac. There is a gray knee-long shorts under the trousers, and short white pants under them. The feet have black semi-boots and gray synthetic socks on. (This corps is designated with cone No.2)

A. EXTERNAL FINDINGS

1. Male corps, 180 cm long, about 50 years old, moderate skeleton and muscles build, moderately nourished. Rigor mortis in all ankles. Dark-purple merged death spots on the back. Pale-gray skin, with dust particles and blood on it.

2. Grey hair, about 60 mm long, eyelids closed, anemic conjunctiva, clear cornea, brown iris, pupil 4 mm wide. Mucous of the lips is dry and pale. Partial dental prosthesis in maxilla, bilateral, and the 6th tooth left is plated with yellow metal. Unrestricted neck movement, chest normal, abdomen in the level of the chest, male mons pubis.

3. There is a large gushing wound with crushed and bruised edges and sides from the top of the right shoulder to the right nipple. There are many torn muscle fibers, vein and artery vessels, and nerves stretching towards the middle of the right armpit. The gaping wound is the size of 250 x 140 mm. On the bottom of the wound, at the shoulder, the humerus is exposed. There is dry grass and earth in the gaping wound.

4. The epidermis on the nose ridge, the size of 15 x 10 mm, is peeled off and the exposed dermis is dark red.

5. No foreign content in the cavities.

6. There are no other injuries or changes on the body, except for an old scar, the size of 40 x 10 mm, on the right groin.

B. INTERNAL FINDINGS

a. Head

7. Scalp tissue anemic and moist. Pear-shaped vertex, the size of 160 x 135 mm, 2-7 mm thick. Smooth, shiny, and pearly dura mater. There is a small quantity of liquid dark-red blood in its straits. Smooth and anemic pia mater. The blood vessels on the brain base are flexible and the epimucosis is smooth. No foreign content in the fosa Silvi. Sections in the cerebrum and cerebellum, pons, and cervical spinal cord tissue show clear structures and anemic tissue. No foreign content in cranial ventricles, which have smooth and anemic ependyma.

b. Neck and Chest

8. Flimsy tongue with no content on it. Hazel-size tonsils with clear structure at section. No foreign content in the esophagus, which has vertically creased mucosa and medium blood coloration. Medium quantity of slimy sanguinolent content found in the throat, trachea and main bronchi. Thymus completely replaced with fat tissue. Soft tissue of the chest, medially, mildly bruised.

9. There is 800 ccm of liquid and mildly clotted dark-red blood in the right thoracic cavity. The pleura, from the top of the right side to the 5th rib, anterior and towards the right armpit, is completely torn with major bruises. The pleura of the right lung wing, as well as the lung tissue in this area, is torn and mushy, and there are particles of broken glass in it. The blood vessels in the right side of the lung base are torn and all the soft tissue surrounding it is very bruised. Elsewhere the lung tissue is normal and anemic. Slimy sanguinolent content can be squeezed out of the bronchi.

10. There is 5ccm of yellow transparent liquid in the cardiac sac. Pericardium is bruised. Epicard is smooth and glossy. Size of the heart is 120 x 110 mm. Small quantity of liquid blood in heart cavities and walls. Endocard is smooth and glossy. Cardiac mouths clear, valves flexible and can be shut. Myocard thickness: left chamber 14mm, right 4 mm, anemic and with clear structure in the section. Artery walls in the heart and aorta are soft, elastic, and with smooth endotelium.

c. Abdomen

11. No foreign content in the abdomen. The parietal and visceral peritoneum is smooth and glossy. Free liver, smooth capsule, size 290 x 170 x 90 mm, section shows clear structure and anemic tissue. There is 30 ccm of yellowish green gall in the gallbladder. Free spleen, smooth capsule, size 120 x 80 x 40mm, section shows clear structure and anemic tissue. Pancreas and suprarenal gland are of normal size, with clear structure. Kidneys of normal size with capsules easily peeled off, normal kidney tissue in the section. There is 30 ccm of clear yellow urine in the urinary bladder. Prostate of normal size and structure.

12. There is about 650 ccm of semi-digested food in the stomach, with distinguishable pieces of paprika. The creases are normal. Standard content in the intestine and colon. Fibrous tissue instead of the cecum.

d. Bones

13. All bones in the head, trunk and limbs have been thoroughly examined and multiple comminuted fractures are found on the right humerus collum, with many left to right and anterior to slightly posterior fractures. There are multiple fractures on the right shoulder bone and also fractures from the 1st to the 10th right rib, in the level of the armpit, with the broken pieces impressed. Pieces of broken ribs and humerus are found in the torn right lung tissue, as well as a piece of white-gray deformed metal, the size of a pea. No other fractures or changes are found on the other bones.

PATHOLOGICAL-ANATOMY FINDINGS

Mors violenta. Effusio interna in cavo toracis lat. dex. et effusio externa. Ruptura pulmonis lat. dex. Ruptura a. suclaviae et arteriae axilaris. Vulnera lacero contusa omni lat. dex. et thoracis lat. dex. Corpora aliena metalica. Pulmonum lat. dex. Excoratio cutis corporis. Haemothoraxis lat. dex. 800 ccm.

PATHOLOGICAL-HISTOLOGY FINDINGS

Brain, liver, kidneys, and spleen: Anaemio organorum (anemic).

Lungs: Destructio cum haemorrhagia recens partim massiva (Destructed with signs of massive bleeding).

Heart: Anemia et myofibrosis incipiens (Anemia and mild transformation into fibrous tissue).

Laboratory findings:

Chemical analysis of blood shows 0.42% (9.11 mmol/1) presence of alcohol.

CONCLUSION

I It is a case of a violent death, with interrupted breathing and heartbeat as a result of the destructed right lung wing and destructed major artery and vein vessels in the area of the right armpit.

II All external and internal injuries were inflicted by pieces of an explosive device and partly by pieces of broken glass.

III There is no doubt that the injuries of the lung tissue and of the artery and vein vessels in the area of the right armpit have caused instant death, and no prompt medical aid could have saved the life of the injured man.

Medical forensic expert Director

Prof. Milija Spalević, MD Prof. Vujadin Otašević, MD

No. S-55/99 81 Braće Taskovića St.

6 April 1999 Tel: 333-776

AUTOPSY REPORT

Made on 6 April 1999 during the examination and autopsy of the corps of the late DRAGOMIR MILADINOVIĆ from Aleksinac.

The autopsy is made on request of the investigative judge N. Conić of the Municipal Court of Aleksinac.

Autopsy performed by Prof. Dr. Milija Spalević

Recording by clerk B. Stojanović

Autopsy started at 3:35 p.m.

In identifying the corps the following data have been established.

Name and surname: DRAGOMIR MILADINOVIĆ

Place and date of birth: v. Žitkovac, mun. Aleksinac, in 1932

Domicile: 27 Vuka Karadžića St., Aleksinac

Occupation: pensioner

Date and hour of death: 5 April 1999 at 9:40 p.m.

DATA: The investigation team has reported that the late Dragomir Miladinović was injured in the NATO bombing on 5 April 1999 at about 9:40 p.m. At the time of the explosion he was in his house at No. 27 Vuka Karadžića St.

DESCRIPTION OF THE CLOTHES

(This corps is designated with cone No.1)

The trunk of the corps is in a gray winter jacket, which is practically completely ragged, especially on its back, on its right shoulder and its whole right sleeve. There are pieces of broken glass in the damaged parts. Under the jacket is a synthetic light-blue V-neck sweater, which is also torn on several places and has large bloodstains on it. Under the sweater is a white shirt and white vest. The lower part of the corps is in a pair of gray buttoned up trousers with a black leather belt, which is almost completely split at the right hip. Under the trousers are white cotton pants stained with blood. There is a leather wallet in the rear pocket with two photos of females in it, as well as an identity card, No. 32893, issued by SUP Aleksinac, bearing the name Dragomir Miladinović, a health insurance card bearing the same name, some personal notes, bills, and visit cards. There is a cigarette box, handkerchief, and a pocketknife in the right pocket. The feet are in black synthetic socks and there is a brown shoe on the right foot.

A. EXTERNAL FINDINGS

1. Male corps, 165 cm long, about 68 years old, skeleton and muscles of moderate build, undernourished. Rigor mortis in all ankles. Dark-purple merged death spots on the back. Pale-gray skin.

2. Grey hair, about 70 mm long. Both eyelids and eyeballs are torn, with dry grass, fine sand, and even small pieces of broken glass in them. Mucous of the lips is dry and pale. Partial dental prosthesis in maxilla, left, and no teeth in the mandible. Unrestricted movement in the neck, chest stretched, abdomen below the level of the chest, male pubic eminens.

3. There are several lacerated wounds on the face, ranging from the size of a pea to the size of 80 x 50 mm. Both the cuticle and underlying connective tissue are damaged so that the barren facial bones are seen.

4. There are several similar wounds on the right elbow and whole right forearm, ranging in size from 30 x 50 mm to 120 x 80 mm, with torn muscle fiber, blood vessels and broken bones in the gap.

5. There is a large gaping wound on the anterior-right side of the neck, 35 mm under the auricle and 45 mm from the neck medial axis, towards the right. Its size is 60 x 30 mm, partly with smooth and straight, non-bruised edges and sides, and partly with jagged and bruised edges and sides, stretching down towards the spine. There is a similar wound on the neck anterior, above the superior interior edge of the shoulder blade. It is the size of 60 x 30 mm, with damaged skin and partly damaged subcutaneous tissue.

6. There are many irregular shaped wounds stretching from the right side of the chest, anterior-exterior, and from the top of the armpit to the superior-exterior part of the right thigh. They range in size from a pea to 35 x 40 mm. Both the cuticle and underlying connective tissue are damaged. There are pieces of broken glass, 4 mm thick, in the gaping wound.

7. The right thigh, medial part, is completely deformed, and pieces of the fractured thighbone are palpated.

8. There are small particles of earth in the external cavities, in the mouth, nose and ear canal.

9. There are no other external injuries nor changes on the body, except for those described.

B. INTERNAL FINDINGS

a. Head

10. Scalp tissue with dotted and patchy bruises. Pear-shaped vertex, the size of 140 x 130 mm, 3-7 mm thick. Smooth, shiny, and pearly dura mater. A small quantity of liquid blood in its straits. On the right side of the vertex the pia mater is very bruised, and anemic elsewhere. The endotelium is slightly thick. No foreign content in the fosa Silvi. Sections in the cerebrum and cerebellum, pons, myencephalon and cervical spinal cord tissue show clear structures and anemic tissue. No foreign content in the cranial ventricles, which have smooth and glossy ependyma.

No injuries found when the dura mater was separated from the cranial base bones.

b. Neck and Chest

8. Flimsy tongue with no content on it. Slightly increased tonsils with clear structure in section. No foreign content in the esophagus, with medium blood coloration. Medium quantity of slimy sanguinolent content found in the throat and trachea. All soft tissue in the right side of the neck and chest axis is very bruised. A more detailed section of the major artery in the neck shows that it is completely torn, with pieces of irregular shaped 4 mm thick broken glass immediately next to it. All the soft tissue around the right vagus is mildly bruised. The large right vein in the neck is partly torn. Thymus is completely replaced with fat tissue.

12. There is no foreign content in the thoracic cavity. The left lung wing is partly attached to the pleura, and the pleura in this region is thick and dull. Elsewhere the pleura is smooth and glossy. The lung tissue is normal, it squeaks when pressed, it is very anemic, with a dry and flat section. Slimy white sanguinolent content can be squeezed out of the bronchi.

13. There is 10ccm of yellow transparent liquid in the cardiac sac. Pericard and epicard are smooth and glossy. Size of the heart is 120 x 110 mm. Cardiac mouths are clear, valves mildly thicker, but they can be shut. Myocard thickness: left chamber 13mm, right 5 mm, anemic, with grayish white strips of fibrous tissue in the section. Walls of the arteries in the heart and aorta are in some areas with thick endotelium and yellow-gray patches, which are not larger than a grain of millet.

c. Abdomen

14. No foreign content in the abdomen. The parietal and visceral peritoneum is smooth and glossy. Free liver with smooth capsule, its size is 290 x 170 x 70 mm. The section shows fat structure and anemic tissue. There is 30 ccm of yellowish-green gall in the gallbladder. Free spleen, smooth capsule, size 120 x 80 x 40mm, section shows anemic tissue and its core does not smear on the knife sides. Pancreas and suprarenal gland are of normal size, and the soft tissue around the right suprarenal gland and kidney is very bruised. The right kidney, in its medial part, is completely lacerated, with amorphous structure and bruised soft tissue around it. The left kidney is of normal size and structure. There is 20 ccm of clear yellow urine in the urinary bladder. The prostate is slightly larger and of clear structure.

15. There is about 200 ccm of mushy semi-digested food in the stomach. The mucosa creases are partly amorphous, moderate blood coloration. Standard content in the intestine and colon. Increased fibrous tissue instead of the cecum, with an old scar on the skin, the size of 40 x 5 mm.

d. Bones

16. All bones in the head, trunk and limbs have been examined in detail and multiple fractures have been found on the left carpal and metacarpal bone, immediately above the wrist. Total traverse fracture of the right thigh bone, medial, with fractures positioned from exterior to interior. There is a crack on the right temporal bone with impressed bone pieces. No other fractures or changes are found on the other bones.

PATHOLOGICAL-ANATOMY FINDINGS

Mors violenta. Effusio externa. Ruptura muris. Arteriae carotis communis lat. dex. et venae jugularis lat. dex. Fractura ossis temporalis lat. dex. Haematoma leptomeninguum reg. temporalis lat. dex. Vulnera lacero contusa massiva faciei et corporis. Destructio bulbi oculi. Fractura antebrachi lat. sin. fractura ossis femoris lat. dex. Myofibrosis cordis grad. mediocris. Infiltratio adiposa hepatis. Destructio renis lat. dex., cum hemorrhagiae recens peri renalis.

PATHOLOGICAL-HISTOLOGY FINDINGS

Brain: Anaemia. Haemorrhagia recens partialis leptomeninguum (anemia in the brain). Signs of fresh bleeding between the pia mater.

Lungs: Anemia pulmonum (anemia in the lungs).

Heart: Myofibrosis cordis grad mediocris (moderate scars on the cardiac muscle).

Liver: Infiltratio adiposa hepatis grad. mediocris (moderate degeneration of the liver into fat).

Right kidney: Destructio cum haemorrhagia recens tecti renis (destruction with signs of recent bleeding).

Laboratory findings:

Chemical analysis shows 0.35% (7.59 mmol/1) presence of alcohol in the blood.

CONCLUSION

I It is a case of violent death, the result of massive bleeding after the walls of the right major artery and of the vein in the neck were torn.

II All external and internal injuries were inflicted by pieces of a bursting mechanical weapon (by pieces of broken glass).

III The described inflicted external and internal injuries altogether presented a lethal injury, which imminently resulted in death.

Medical forensic expert Director

Prof. Milija Spalević, MD Prof. Vujadin Otašević, MD

No. S-53/99 81 Braće Taskovića St.

6 April 1999

Tel: 333-776

AUTOPSY REPORT

Made on 6 April 1999 during the examination and autopsy of the corps of the late SNEŽANA MILADINOVIĆ from Aleksinac.

The autopsy is made on request of the investigative judge N. Conić of the Municipal Court of Aleksinac.

Autopsy performed by Prof. Dr. Milija Spalević

Recording by clerk B. Stojanović

Autopsy started at 1:00 p.m.

In identifying the corps the following data have been established.

Name and surname: Snežana Miladinović

Father’s name: Dragomir

Place and date of birth: 1959

Domicile: Aleksinac

Occupation:

Date and hour of death: 5 April 1999, at 9:40 p.m.

DATA: The investigation team has reported that the late Snežana Miladinović was injured in the NATO bombing of Aleksinac on 5 April 1999, at about 9:40 p.m. At the time when the NATO projectile exploded she was in her flat, at 27 Vuka Karadžića St.

DESCRIPTION OF THE CLOTHES

(This corps is designated by the police with cone No.5)

The identity of the corps was established on grounds of statements given by the officials of SUP Aleksinac and Niš. Biljana Branković, an employee of the Aleksinac health center, also recognized the body and stated she had known Snežana before.

The trunk of the corps is dressed in a black synthetic blouse buttoned up with 4 buttons on its front. Under the black synthetic blouse is a brown synthetic blouse, and under it a white cotton vest and white synthetic bra. The lower part of the corps is dressed in tights and there are white nickers under them. There are dark blue socks on the feet. A yellow metal chain is around the neck and yellow metal earrings, the size of a pea, are on the earlobes.

A. EXTERNAL FINDINGS

1. Female corps, 160 cm long, about 40 years old, moderate build of skeleton and muscles, moderately nourished. Rigor mortis in all ankles. Dark-purple death spots on the back. Almost the entire skin is covered with dark gray soot and particles of dust.

2. Dark brown hair, about 170 mm long, with few gray hairs. Eyelids are closed, very anemic conjunctiva, clear cornea, dark brown iris, pupil 4 mm wide. The mucosa of the lips is dry and pale. Most of the teeth are missing, and the remaining are neglected. Unrestricted neck movement, chest normal, breasts the size of a male fist, no content can be squeezed out of them. The abdomen is below the level of the chest, female mons pubis.

3. There is dark red blood in the nasal and mouth cavity. No foreign content in the other cavities.

4. There are many wounds from the top of the forehead to the tip of the chin, ranging in size from a millet grain to the size 30 x 15 mm. The edges and sides of the wounds are torn, crushed, and bruised. In some wounds both the cuticle and underlying connective tissue are damaged and there are pieces of glass in the gashes.

There is a wound on the left branch of the mandible, in its corner, the size of 40 x 20 mm, where the cuticle, underlying connective tissue and somewhere even the muscular tissue are damaged.

There are similar wounds on the left forearm, anterior and exterior, ranging from the size of a pea to the size of 30 x 15 mm, with their depth ranging to 10 mm. There are pieces of broken glass in the gashes.

The same kinds of wounds have been found on the top of the right shoulder. They are the size of 60 x 15 mm, and the cuticle and underlying connective, and somewhere even the muscular tissue, in this region are damaged.

5. There is a horizontal wound on the left side of the thorax, anterior, 40 mm below the level of the shoulder blade and 40 mm from the medial line of the thorax. It is the size of 20 x 15 mm and has the same characteristics as the previously mentioned wounds. However, this is a perforating wound. Its canal goes posterior, slightly to the right, and opens the left side of the thoracic cavity.

6. There are no other injuries or changes on the body, except for those described.

B. INTERNAL FINDINGS

a. Head

7. Scalp tissue is bruised on several places, ranging from the size of a pea grain to a Dinar coin, anemic elsewhere. The size of the vertex is 150 x 130 mm, and 3-7 mm thick. Smooth, shiny, and pearly dura mater. A small quantity of liquid blood is in its straits. Smooth, glossy and very anemic pia mater. The blood vessels on the brain base are flexible and the endotelium is smooth. No foreign content in the fosa Silvi. Sections in the cerebrum and cerebellum, pons and cervical spinal cord tissue show clear structures and very anemic tissue. No foreign content in cervical ventricles, which have smooth and glossy ependyma.

No injuries or changes were found when the dura mater was separated from the cranial base bones.

b. Neck and Chest

8. Flimsy tongue slightly smeared with blood. Hazel-size tonsils with clear structure in the section. Small quantity of slimy sanguinolent content found in the throat and main bronchi. The mucosa is medium blood colored. Thymus completely replaced with fat tissue.

9. There is 2500 ccm of liquid and mildly clotted blood in the left thoracic cavity. The pleura between the 1st and 2nd left ribs, next to the cartilage, is torn and bruised. The pleura of the upper lobe, anterior edge, is torn in the size of 20 x 10 mm, it is bruised, and there is a canal through the lung tissue in the form of a crater, around which the tissue is ragged and very bruised. All soft tissue of the medial part of the chest is massively bruised. The remaining lung tissue is normal, with clear structure and anemic.

10. There is 10 ccm of yellow transparent liquid in the cardiac sac. The pericard is very bruised and a piece of jagged triangular shaped glass, the size of 10 x 12 mm and 4 mm thick, was found in its base. The size of the heart is 115 x 110 mm. The pericard is smooth and glossy. Very small quantity of liquid blood found in heart cavities and walls. The endocard in the level of the left chamber is slightly bruised. The cardiac mouths are clear, valves flexible, unobstructed, and can be shut. Myocard thickness: left chamber 12mm, right 4 mm, anemic and with clear structure in the section. Artery walls in the heart and aorta are soft, flexible, and with smooth endotelium. The aorta wall at the arch, 50 mm from the aorta valve, is traverse torn, ragged, and bruised, and it communicates with the left side of the thoracic cavity. A small part of the aorta wall at the place of the split, posterior, is intact, which binds the ragged ends like a bridge.

c. Abdomen

11. No foreign content in the abdomen. The parietal and visceral peritoneum is smooth and glossy. Free liver, the size of 280 x 160 x 80 mm, section shows clear structure and very anemic tissue. There is 2 ccm of yellowish green gall in the gallbladder. Its mucosa is like velvet being dipped in gall. Free spleen, its size of 120 x 80 x 30mm, in section shows clear structure and anemic tissue. Pancreas and suprarenal gland are of normal size, with clear structure, anemic. Kidneys of normal size, normal kidney tissue in the section, and anemic. No content in the kidney cavities or in the urethra. Anemic mucosa. There is 50 ccm of clear yellow urine in the urinary bladder. Mucous normal and anemic. Uterus of normal size and clear structure. Left ovary is very increased, the size of a child fist, with clear transparent liquid in its cavities.

12. There is about 150 ccm of semi-digested food in the stomach. The creases are normal. Standard content in the intestine and colon, which have velvet mucous tissue. The cecum is 60 mm long with no changes.

d. Bones

13. All bones in the head, trunk and limbs have been thoroughly examined and no injuries or changes were found.

PATHOLOGICAL-ANATOMY FINDINGS

Mors violenta. Effusio interna in cavo toracis lat.sin. Ruptura aortae toracis. Haemorrhagia recens partialis pulmonum. Corpora alieni mediastinii. Vulnera lacero contusa thoracis et facieii. Haematoma epicrenii. Cysta ovari lat. sin. Anemia organorum omnium.

PATHOLOGICAL-HISTOLOGY FINDINGS

Brain: Anaema cerebri (anemia in the brain)

Lungs: Haemorrhagia recens partim massiva (signs of massive bleeding in some regions).

Heart, liver, kidneys, spleen: Anaemia organorum (anemia).

Aorta: Destructio muris aortae thoracis (destructed wall of the thoracic aorta).

Laboratory findings:

Chemical analysis shows 0.39% (8.46 mmol/1) presence of alcohol in the blood.

CONCLUSION

I It is a case of violent death as a result of the destructed thoracic aorta wall, followed by hemorrhage in the left side of the thoracic cavity.

II All external and internal injuries were inflicted by pieces of a bursting mechanical weapon (by pieces of broken glass).

III The injury of the thoracic aorta, which resulted in the hemorrhage into the left side of the thoracic cavity, was no doubt a lethal injury when inflicted, and no prompt medical aid could have saved the life of the injured woman.

Medical forensic expert Director

Prof. Milija Spalević, MD Prof. Vujadin Otašević, MD

No. S-57/99 81 Braće Taskovića St.

6 April 1999 Tel: 333-776

AUTOPSY REPORT

Made on 6 April 1999 during the examination and autopsy of the corps of the late SOFIJA RADOJIČIĆ from Aleksinac.

The autopsy is made on request of the investigative judge N. Conić of the Municipal Court of Aleksinac.

Autopsy performed by Prof. Dr. Vujadin Otašević

Recording by clerk D. Stamenković

Autopsy started at 4:30 p.m.

In identifying the corps the following data have been established.

Name and surname: Sofija Radojičić

Father’s name: Nikola

Place and date of birth: v. Sivčina, mun. Ivanjica, 1919

Domicile: Aleksinac

Occupation: housewife

Date and hour of death: 5 April 1999, at about 9:30 p.m.

DATA: According to investigation data and personal insight on the site, many private houses in Aleksinac have been completely destroyed in the NATO bombing on 5 April 1999, at about 9:30 p.m. Many houses have been turned into a pile of debris, with the construction material broken into small pieces. There is also broken glass and material scattered about in the neighboring streets. It has been established that NATO launched three missiles on the houses and apartment buildings in this residential area. Corpses were pulled out from the debris and taken to the medical center in Aleksinac for autopsy. Before this autopsy 5 corpses were found, as well as torn and scattered human parts belonging to at least two persons.

DESCRIPTION OF THE CLOTHES

The corps is dressed in civilian clothes, i.e. the lower part of the corps is in black stockings, a thick gray checked skirt, and gray panties. The trunk is in a brown waistcoat, buttoned up front, and under it is a grayish green long sleeve cardigan also buttoned up front. Below these clothes is a slip with bloodstains on the front side. All these clothes, especially the waistcoat and the sleeves of the cardigan, are soiled around the neck
and elsewhere with grayish brown and gray particles of sand. There is a piece of glass
on the right side of the cardigan and there are patches of paint and mortar pieces on its front side.

A. EXTERNAL FINDINGS

1. Female corps, 155 cm long, about 80 years old, moderate skeleton and muscles build, well nourished. Death spots on the back are not prominent; they are singled out in certain regions. Rigor mortis in all ankles, and very pale in the preserved parts.

2. Very gray hair, about 55 mm long, almost straight. Eyelids are closed, with major bruises on the conjunctiva. The cornea also has the reddish cinnabar color. However, it is still transparent. Brown iris and round pupil 5 mm wide. The whole face is smeared with blood and fine grains of sand, and in some regions with small pieces of glass too. The mouth is open and the first third of the tongue is visible with the mucosa on its superior part dry and almost completely covered with the described sand. There are hairs above the lip and down the corner of the lips, and some hairs on the chin too. There are no teeth or dental prosthesis in the mouth, and the gums are flat with no changes. Normal neck and chest. Abdomen above the level of the chest. Female mons pubis.

There is a light yellow wedding ring on the left-hand fourth finger. There are earrings of yellow metal and green stones on the lobes.

3. There are many injuries on the whole anterior and right side of the head. Most of them are of irregular shape and in some regions in the form of irregular lines, except for one, which is in the form of a straight line. Some of them involve only the skin structures while others reach the skull and its interior. These injuries have rugged edges and sides. Most of them are like stars with uneven hands, and their edges and sides are crushed, bruised, and torn. There are similar elements on the partly damaged parts of the skin, where there are dark red clots. All these injuries became prominent after the face was cleaned, showing that the entire face is completely streaked. In the hair above the forehead and at the right temple there are injuries similar to those already described.

There are similar injuries on the right side of the neck, lateral, and on the left side, anterior, as well as on the superior-lateral part of the chest. There are even more injuries on the left frontal and posterior side of the right upper arm and forearm, spreading to a lesser extent on the hand.

There are three such changes also on the right thigh, external and medial, and on the left shin, close to the ankle. Around some of these changes, the largest being the size of 30 x 60 mm and the others in the form of dots, there are changes on the skin and it is dark purple. The color does not disappear under pressure and it cannot be wiped off. It also doesn’t wash off the section-knife when it is put under a stream of water.

Such changes were found on the face and in the regions having the described injuries.

On the right knee, at the kneecap, the skin has no cuticle in the size of 70 x 35 mm. The exposed cuticle is dry and dark red. Inferior of the edge are patches of peeled off and dry cuticle. The whole knee is swollen.

Similar injuries are found on the right shin 25 mm above the heel base, anterior and inferior, in the size of 30 x 60 mm.

4. From the right spina iliaca, anterior to posterior, the skin is changed in the size of 70 x 60 mm. The skin is dark-purple and its color doesn’t change when pressed. It also doesn’t rub off during the section or under a stream of water.

5. There is feces in and around the anus. The described fine sand is found in the mouth and ear canal. No foreign content in the remaining cavities.

6. No other injuries nor changes on the body.

B. INTERNAL FINDINGS

a. Head

7. Scalp tissue in the region of the already described external facial and frontal injuries is more or less with bruises, so the scalp tissue looks like a tiger skin. On several places the scalp communicates with the external facial injuries. Pear-shaped vertex, the size of 145 x 137 mm, 4-7 mm thick. Pearly dura mater. A small quantity of liquid blood in its straits. It is separated from the scull with difficulty. No fractures found on the scull. The pia mater on the superior hemisphere of the cerebrum surface is smoky with several bruises. Flat convolution and narrow fissure. The arteries on the brain base have a very thick yellowish gray wall with patches, which lift the endotelium. No foreign content in the fosa Silvi. Sections in the cerebrum and cerebellum, pons, myelencephalon and cervical spinal cord tissue show clear structures and are colored with blood. No foreign content in the cranial ventricles, which have smooth and glossy ependyma.

b. Neck and Chest

8. Flimsy tongue. Its frontal part has a dry mucosa and is almost completely covered with the described sand. The same content is found on the throat, trachea and main bronchi walls. The tonsils are thick and small. The thyroid lobes are small and their structure isn’t distinct. The lymph glands under the trachea bifurcation are calcified and of normal size, except for one, which is increased. Thymus is completely replaced with fat tissue.

9. No foreign content in the thorax. The lungs have grown to the pleura at some places around the spine. The lungs are very tense, they fill the thoracic cavity, and there are irregular dark traces and patches under the smooth pleura. At certain places, under the pleura, especially between the lung lobes, there are bruises in the form of dots and small blotches. The lung tissue in the section shows dispersed tar pigment, and a somewhat larger quantity of grayish brown foamy content runs from it.

10. The size of the heart is 130 x 100 mm. At certain places on the heart, below the epicard, and especially around the tip of the heart, and also on the right and left chambers, posterior, there are single and clustered dotted bruises. There is multiplied yellowish fat tissue on its anterior. There is a moderate quantity of liquid dark-red blood in the heart cavities. Cardiac mouths, i.e. their valves, are very thick and partly obstructed. Section of the myocard, especially of the interventricular septum, shows a pattern of fibrous patches and it looks like a tiger skin. Cardiac arteries have very thick walls and have a very narrow lumen with yellowish thickening under the endotelium. The aorta also has very thick walls with fibrousness under the endotelium, and there are smaller and larger crater-shaped changes of grayish brown color, partly solid and partly slimy and dilapidated, with the endotelium missing. The entire aorta arch has such changes to a greater or lesser extent.

c. Abdomen

11. No foreign content found in the abdomen cavity. The parietal and visceral peritoneum are smooth and glossy. The liver is the size of 280 x 180 x 80 mm and below its capsule there are smaller and larger patches, which form a pattern. The liver shows such grayish yellow patches in the section too, and its surface has a dense pattern. Its tissue is colored with blood. There is no content in the gallbladder. Its mucosa is like velvet dipped in gall. Pancreas and suprarenal gland are of normal size, though the pancreas is somewhat harder and the suprarenal gland has a darker cortex. Kidneys are of normal size with capsules easily peeled off, and with some small scar-like cavities. There is a very small quantity of clear yellow urine in the urinary bladder. The uterus is very small, hard, pear shaped, and the ovaries are hard, with clear structure in the section, and with dispersed fibrous tissue.

12. There is about 150 ccm of thick amorphous semi-digested food in the stomach, with distinguishable pieces of paprika and some yellow bits that resemble pieces of orange. The mucosa is smooth, with no creases, and colored with blood. Standard content in the intestine and colon. The cecum is free, 60 mm long.

d. Bones

13. All bones in the head, trunk and limbs have been submitted to a detailed check and no fractures were found.

PATHOLOGICAL-ANATOMY FINDINGS

Mors violenta. Asfictio. Compresio et oclusio nassi et oris et compresio thoracis. Suffusiones punctatae subpleurales et subepicardiales. Statis organorum viscerum. Myofibrosis cordis dispersa. Arteriosclerosis et ateromatosis arteriarum generalisata. Vulnera lacerocontusa cutis precipiae faciei lat. dex. Excoriationes et haematomates cutis corporis. Haematomates epicranii. Emphysema et oedema pulmonum et antracosis pulmonum. Oedema cerebri. Ateromatosis ulcerosa angulis aortae gradus majoris. Degeneratio parenchymatosa et adiposa hepatis.

TRANSLATION: Violent death. Suffocation. Pressure on nose, mouth and lungs. Bleeding from spots on pleura and epicard. Stoppage of blood flow through the internal organs. Scars on the entire heart muscle. Thickness of all walls under the artery endotelium. Skin torn and concussed, mostly on the right side of the face. Abrasions and bruises on the trunk skin. Bruises on the scalp tissue. Edema and emphysema of lungs with tar in lung tissue. Edema of the brain. Major degeneration of aorta arch by ulcer and cholesterol. Degenerated liver with fat.

PATHOLOGICAL-HISTOLOGY FINDINGS

Lungs: Emphysema et edema pulmonis partialis. Statis pulmonis. Corpora alliena mineralica rara in cavo bronchiiolam et alveolam. Bronchitis chr. (Partial edema and emphysema of lungs. Blocked flowing of blood through the lung blood vessels. A small quantity of tiny foreign bodies in the bronchi and alveoli. Chronic inflammation of bronchi).

Heart: Myofibrosis cordis dispersa massive. Haemorrhagia recens myo cardii unilocularis cum fragmentatio myofibrilarum. Stasis myocardii (Many scars on the heart muscle. Fresh bleeding of the heart muscle at one point with ruptured muscle cells. Blocked blood flow in cardiac blood vessels).

Kidneys: Nephritis focalis chr. Stasis renuum. (Chronic inflammation of the kidneys. Blocked blood flow in the kidney blood vessels).

Liver: Degeneratio parenchymatosa et adiposa hepatis. Mycro haemorrhagia recens hepatis. Stasis hepatis. (Degeneration of the liver tissue into fat. Signs of fresh bleeding in the liver tissue. Blockage of blood flow in liver blood vessels).

Brain: Oedema et stasis cerebri (Edema and blockage of blood flow in the brain blood vessels)

CONCLUSION

I It is a case of violent death by suffocation, because the nose and mouth were blocked and because the lungs were pressed by the debris, the result of the house collapsing in the bomb explosion, and also because of the fact that the organism was in a special status.

II This special status implies the existing major heart muscle disease, the result of a major cardiac artery disease.

III The injuries, which are mostly on the right side of the face, are grazes and concussion caused by an explosive device.

Medical forensic expert Director

Prof. Vujadin Otašević, MD Prof. Vujadin Otašević, MD

No.S-56/99 81 Braće Taskovića St.

6 April 1999 Tel: 333-776

AUTOPSY REPORT

Made on 6 April 1999 during the examination and autopsy of the corps of the late JOVAN RADOJIČIĆ from Aleksinac.

The autopsy is made on request of the investigative judge N. Conić of the Municipal Court of Aleksinac.

Autopsy performed by Prof. Dr. Vujadin Otašević

Recording by clerk D. Stamenković

Autopsy started at 2:30 p.m.

In identifying the corps the following data have been established.

Name and surname: Jovan Radojičić

Father’s name: Aleksandar

Place and date of birth: v. Sivčina, mun. Ivanjica, 1924

Domicile: Aleksinac

Occupation: pensioner

Date and hour of death: 5 April 1999, at about 9:30 p.m.

DATA: According to investigation data and personal insight on the site, many private houses in Aleksinac have been completely destroyed in the NATO bombing, which took place on 5 April 1999, at about 9:30 p.m. Many private houses have been turned into a pile of debris, with the construction material broken into small pieces. There is also broken glass and material scattered about in the neighboring streets. It has been established that NATO launched three missiles on the houses and apartment buildings in this residential area. Corpses were pulled out from the debris and taken to the medical center in Aleksinac for autopsy. Before this autopsy 5 corpses were found, as well as torn and scattered human parts belonging to at least two persons.

DESCRIPTION OF THE CLOTHES

Before performing the autopsy in the hospital in Aleksinac, in its mortuary dept., the following clothes were found on the body.

Blue synthetic socks on the feet. Light-gray woollen trousers supported with a belt, under them long underpants with a checked pattern and blue stripes, which look like pajamas. The trunk is in a dark gray woollen jumper, under which is a synthetic black jumper and a long sleeve grayish white vest under it. All these clothes, especially those on top, are almost completely covered with fine sand and earth, somewhere even with small pieces of glass.

A. EXTERNAL FINDINGS

1. Male corps, 170 cm long, about 70 years old, moderate skeleton and muscles build, well nourished. Rigor mortis in all ankles. Isolated death spots on the corps anterior, especially under the armpit and around the neck, and also on the chest, superior, in the size of a female palm. The spots are light purple.

2. Very gray hair with prominent sideburns and not longer than 70 mm. The whole face is smeared with blood and with fine grains of sand. After being cleaned major bruises on the eyelids and conjunctiva are disclosed. The cornea is smoky and of a grayish brown color. However, the grayish brown iris and the round pupil, which is 5 mm in diameter, are still visible. Normal neck and chest, a barrel-like belly protruding above the chest plane. Male mons pubis.

3. The whole left side of the face, practically from its medial axis, including the forehead, as well as the forehead and temporal scalp region, has many injuries. The wounds range in size from a needle head to the size of 21 x 8 mm. The injuries are numerous and dense with small patches of undamaged skin between them. Most of these wounds have ragged, crushed and bruised edges and sides, and the others have partly smooth and straight edges and sides. In some of these injuries the gap reaches the scalp, and in others only the cuticle is damaged. There are three horizontally arranged wounds immediately below the ear, which look more like cuts than laceration, and they range in size from 20 x 6 mm to 35 x 22 mm. There are many similar injuries on the left upper arm, exterior, and single injuries behind the left armpit and on the left thigh, exterior, and also on the back of the left hand.

The left side and middle of the lower lip are split in the form of a star, and this gaping and concussed wound has ragged edges and sides with the exposed mandible bone at its bottom. There are several gaping dental sockets in the middle and left side of the mandible, which have broken edges and are bruises. Elsewhere the gums are flat. Total dental prosthesis in the maxilla, which is loose in the mouth cavity.

In some of these wounds pieces of broken glass have been found beside the sand and earth.

4. In the middle part of the right upper arm, anterior and exterior, the skin is dark purple and the color does not rub off in the section nor does it rinse off under a stream of water. It is the size of 60 x 40 mm. To a lesser extent similar changes are found around the edges of the described wounds.

5. Below the right rib arch there is an oblique damage, 100 mm long and 6 mm wide, where the skin is without its structure, slightly rough and grayish white.

6. There is a larger quantity of fine sand and earth in the external cavities, i.e. in the mouth, nose and ears. The anus and region around it has standard content.

7. No other injuries or changes found on the body.

B. INTERNAL FINDINGS

a. Head

8. In the region of the already described external facial injuries the scalp tissue on the left side of the face is covered with bruised patches of different size. Vertex is the size of 150 x 145 mm, and 4-8 mm thick. Pearly dura mater which is separated from the vertex with difficulty. A small quantity of liquid dark red blood is in its straits. The pia mater in the left hemisphere of the cerebrum surface, especially in the temporal and parietal region, is completely bruised. It is partly bruised, in the form of patches, in the right hemisphere. The mater on the superior cerebrum hemisphere is smoky instead of transparent. The arteries on the cerebral basis have a thick wall with yellowish gray patches under the endotelium. Under the naked eye the brain tissue in the section has a clear structure but with signs of scarce and minute bleeding. No foreign content in the cranial ventricles, which have smooth and glossy ependyma.

b. Neck and Chest

9. The mucosa of the tongue is completely covered with the described fine sand. The same content is found on walls of the throat, and larynx, and on the mouth cavity walls, especially on its superior wall. The thyroid lobes are enlarged and have many cavities, which are filled with a clear liquid. This almost screens the remaining healthy tissue. There is no foreign content in the esophagus. On the walls of the throat, trachea and main bronchi the already described sand is found, especially at the trachea bifurcation, where it completely covers the mucosa.

10. There is no foreign content in the thoracic cavity. The lungs have grown to the pleura at some points around the spine and are free elsewhere. At certain places under the pleura, especially between the lung lobes, there are bruises in the form of dots and small blotches. The lungs are swollen and they fill the thoracic cavity. They are soft and airy when pressed. Their section shows dark branches in the section, which are also seen under the pleura. The bronchi are thick and more than standard effort is required to cut them. A small quantity of slimy content can be squeezed out of some larger bronchi, and there are crystals in it, which indicates the presence of foreign particles, probably sand. The lung tissue is colored by blood.

11. There is about 5 ccm of light yellow clear liquid in the cardiac sac. Under the epicard, especially in the region of the heart base, there are single and clustered dotted bruises. The size of the heart is 130 x 120 mm with distinctly enlarged right atrium and ventricle. There is a moderate quantity of liquid dark-red blood in the heart cavities. The valves in the heart mouths are grayish yellow and thick, but relatively passable. In the left chamber, at the tip of the heart, instead of the endocard, there is a groove with a grayish yellow surface, which looks like a bone or thick fibrous tissue. There is no muscular tissue in the section of the tip of the heart but there is solid fibrous tissue instead of it, which is cut with difficulty. Its thickness ranges from 3 mm at the very tip to 8 mm towards the bases, and at some points it is as solid as a bone. There are streaks of fibrous tissue stretching from this change to the heart base. They go through the heart muscle and extend almost to the middle of the heart, especially in the interventricular septum. The remaining part of the heart muscle is rather well preserved and with dark blood coloration.

c. Abdomen

12. No foreign content found in the abdomen cavity. The liver is the size of 290 x 190 x 90 mm, with tiny yellow patches. It is fat in the section with small yellow patches and strong blood coloration, so it looks like a dense pattern. There is no gallbladder. The spleen is of normal size and of clear structure. There are cavities in both kidneys, which are filled with clear liquid, and only in some regions there is normal kidney tissue. Pancreas and suprarenal gland have a distinct structure.

13. There is about 300 ccm of thick grayish mushy content with bits of undigested food. The mucosa is smooth, with no creases, and colored with blood. Standard content in the intestine and colon. The cecum is free, 60 mm long.

d. Bones

14. All bones in the head, trunk and limbs have been submitted to a detailed check and no fractures were found.

PATHOLOGICAL-ANATOMY FINDINGS

Mors violenta. Asfictio. Compresio nasi et oris. Aspiratio contenti pulvis. Suffusiones punctatae sub pleurales et sub epicardiales. Stasis organorum viscerum. Dilatatio cordis. Cicatrix massiva myocardi precipiae apicis cordis. Bronchitis chronica. Arteriosclerosis et ateromatosis arteriarum generalisata. Degeneratio cistica glandulae thyroideae et renuum. Degeneratio adiposa hepatis. Vulnera et excoriationis cutis corporis precipiae capitis lat. sin.

TRANSLATION: Violent death. Suffocation. Blockage of nose and mouth. Inhalation of foreign sandy content. Bleeding from spots and small patches on pleura and epicard. Stoppage of blood flow through the internal organs. Enlarged heart. Massive scars on the entire heart muscle, especially in the region of the tip of the heart. Chronic inflammation of bronchi. Thickness of all walls under the artery endotelium. Cavities in the thyroid and kidneys. Liver degenerated with fat. Torn and crushed wounds and grazed skin, especially on the left side of the head.

PATHOLOGICAL-HISTOLOGY FINDINGS

Lungs: Emphysema pulmonum. Corpora alliena mineralica rara in cavo bronchiolam et alveolam. Bronchitis chr. Microhaemorrhagiae recens pulmonis partialis. Stasis pulmonis. (Emphysema of lungs. A small quantity of tiny foreign and mineral particles in the bronchi and alveoli. Chronic inflammation of bronchi. Minor partial bleeding in the lung tissue. Blocked blood flow in the lung blood vessels).

Heart: Myofibrosis parietis cordis totalis et partim dispersa massiva. (Total degeneration of the entire heart muscle wall into fibrous tissue with massively dispersed scars).

Liver: Degeneratio adiposa hepatis gradus majoris (Major degeneration of the liver tissue into fat).

Kidneys: Nephritis chr. polycistica massiva. (Chronic and massive cystic degeneration of kidney tissue).

Brain: Oedema cerebri gradus majoris. Stasis cerebri. (Major edema and obstruction of blood flow in the brain blood vessels).

CONCLUSION

I It is a case of violent death by suffocation, partly because the nose and mouth were blocked by the debris of the house and some of the dust inhaled, and also because the body was in a special status.

II This special status implies the existence of a major scar on the heart muscle, a cystic degeneration of the kidney and thyroid, and a degeneration of liver into fat tissue.

III The numerous described injuries are lacerated and contused wounds and grazes caused by an explosive device.

Medical forensic expert Director

Prof. Vujadin Otašević, MD Prof. Vujadin Otašević, MD

No. 59/99 Tel: 333-776

7 April 1999 81 Braće Taskovića St.

AUTOPSY REPORT

Made on 7 April 1999 during the examination and autopsy of the corps of the late VOJISLAV JOVANOVIĆ from Aleksinac.

The autopsy is made on request of the investigative judge N. Conić of the Municipal Court of Aleksinac.

Autopsy performed by Goran Ilić, MD

Recording by clerk D. Stamenković

Autopsy started at 9:15 a.m.

In identifying the corps the following data have been established.

Name and surname: VOJISLAV JOVANOVIĆ

Father’s name:

Place and date of birth: Aleksinac, 1907

Domicile: Aleksinac

Occupation: pensioner

Date and hour of death: 5 April 1999 at 9:30 p.m.

DATA: The investigation team has reported that on 5 April 1999, at about 9:30 p.m., the late Vojislav Jovanović, as well as his wife, was killed in the NATO bombing of the center of Aleksinac, during which he was in his family house.

The remains have arrived in a white sheet and checked tablecloth.

What has remained of an olive gray jumper is removed from the corps. Its left sleeve, as well as the part where it was attached, are shredded and missing, and what has remained is smeared with blood and dust.

What has remained of a checked blue shirt, the right sleeve and the parts of the shirt around it, are smeared with blood and dusty content.

A vest, which is torn at many places, is smeared with blood and dusty content.

The top part of a pajamas is taken off the corps. It is mostly shredded and smeared with blood and dusty content.

The bottom part of the pajamas was found near the corps, smeared with blood and muddy content.

There are thick short socks on the feet, which are shredded and smeared with blood.

Two keys, which are bound by a ribbon, were found with the corps.

A. EXTERNAL FINDINGS

1. Male corps, roughly estimated length is 161 cm, moderate skeleton and muscles build, moderately nourished. Rigor mortis in all ankles. Weak grayish purple death spots on the right lateral side of the trunk. Pale-gray skin which has mild green patches on the right side of the chest, anterior, and on the back.

2. Most of the head is destructed. There is only a part of the auricle and scalp tissue surrounding it. There is gray straight hair on the remaining scalp, not longer than 10 mm. Most of the facial bones and both jaws are completely missing. The remaining bones have multiple fractures and the soft tissue is torn and bruised. The left shoulder region as well as most of the anterior, left, lateral and posterior thoracic walls are missing. The internal organs are protruding from what has remained of the thorax. The remaining skin is smeared partly with dusty and partly with muddy content. The abdomen is completely torn in the region of the left lateral wall, and partly torn in its anterior and posterior region. The skin on what is left of the abdomen is covered with muddy content. The undamaged parts of the organs are protruding from what is left of the abdomen. Male mons pubis.

3. There is a large gushing wound in the region of the head, the size of two male fists. Its edges and sides are slightly rugged and bruised. The gushing wound has encompassed the cerebral cavity and through multiple fractured bones of the cranial base it encompasses the nasal and mouth cavity.

There are similar wounds:

– from the region of the left shoulder to the left groin region, with the left arm completely missing, as well as most of the anterior and posterior thoracic and abdominal cavity walls;

– in the region of the right gluteus to the muscles in this region, the size of 50 x 30 mm;

– in the region of the anus furrow, horizontally, the size of 150 x 100 mm, stretching to the coxae;

– there are three such vertical wounds on the left gluteus, the size of 50 x 10 mm, 80 x 20 mm and 150 x 30 mm, extending to the bones in this region.

– 210 mm below the right elbow, all the muscles and bones of the forearm are lacerated and broken, and a part of the forearm is missing;

– 60 mm below left knee all the muscles and bones of the shin are lacerated and broken, and the foot is clinging to this part of the limb on a 10 mm wide strip of skin. The foot is completely torn and there are multiple fractures in it;

– there are two such vertical wounds on the right knee exterior, the size of 50 x 20 and 100 x 40 mm, extending to the bones in this region;

– there are two such oblique wounds on the right knee, interior, the size of 60 x 30 and 70 x 20 mm, extending to the bones in this region;

– and a wound on the right foot ankle, interior, which is the size of a child fist, extending to the fractured bones in this region.

4. The skin on the right shoulder, exterior, is damaged in the size of two child palms, it is bruised, and the color doesn’t disappear on pressure. The underlying connective tissue in this region is also bruised.

5. There is no foreign body in the external cavities.

6. There are no other injuries or changes on the body except for those described.

B. INTERNAL FINDINGS

a. Head

7. Most of the scull is missing. There are multiple fractures in the cranial base region. The brain tissue is completely missing.

b. Neck and chest

8. The tongue is massively torn and the tissue is colored with blood. Trachea and esophagus are torn with most of the tissue missing.

9. Only some parts of the ribs are present, i.e. the right ribs below the nipple plane towards the right paraspinal axis. These ribs have multiple fractures, the pleura is torn and bruised. Only a part of the lung tissue is present, and it is the size of a female fist. It is completely torn, colored by blood and smeared with muddy content.

10. The heart is missing.

c. Abdomen

11. The abdominal cavity is massively torn in the region of the wound described under exterior findings. What has remained is a part of the liver, which is the size of 210 x 100 x 70 mm, with lacerated tissue colored with blood. There are three hard greenish stones in the gallbladder and about 5ccm of dark green gall. The spleen is missing. There is a part of the pancreas with lacerated tissue and colored with blood. The left kidney is missing. The right one is of normal size and of amorphous structure. There is about 100 ccm of urine in the urinary bladder and the mucosa is colored by blood. The tissue of the prostate is colored by blood.

12. There is only a part of the stomach present, with mushy greenish content on its mucosa surface. A part of the intestine is missing, and there is standard intestine content in the remaining part. The cecum is 80 mm long.

d. Bones

13. All bones in the head, trunk and limbs have been examined in detail. Multiple fractures were found. Parts of the bones in the head, parts of the ribs, of both coxae, of bones in the right forearm, of both femoral bones, of both shinbones and of both feet are missing. However, the bones of the left arm are completely missing.

The right femoral bone has been measured and is 38 cm long.

PATHOLOGICAL-ANATOMY FINDINGS

Mors violenta. Destructio capitis totalis. Destructio corporis partialis.

TRANSLATION: Violent death. Head completely destructed, and part of the body too.

PATHOLOGICAL-HISTOLOGY FINDINGS

Lungs, liver and kidney: Destructiones cum haemorrhagiam tecti pulmonalis hepatis et renis. (Destructed, with bleeding in the lungs, liver and kidney tissue).

CONCLUSION

I It is a case of violent death which was instant, since the head was completely destructed, as well as a part of the body.

II All external and internal injuries were inflicted by a strong blow of a blunt mechanical weapon.

III The complete destruction of the head and the partial destruction of the body CAUSED IMMINENT DEATH, and no prompt medical aid could have saved the life of the injured man.

Medical forensic expert Director

Goran Ilić, MD Prof. Vujadin Otašević, MD

No. 060/99 81 Braće Taskovića St.

7 April 1999 Tel: 333-776

AUTOPSY REPORT

Made on 7 April 1999 during the examination and autopsy of the corps of the late RADOJKA JOVANOVIĆ, from Aleksinac.

The autopsy is made on request of the investigative judge N. Conić of the Municipal Court of Aleksinac.

Autopsy performed by Dr. Miodrag Zdravković

Recording by clerk /

Autopsy started at 9:00 a.m.

In identifying the corps the following data have been established.

Name and surname: Radojka Jovanović

Father’s name:

Place and date of birth: 1913

Domicile: Aleksinac

Occupation:

Date and hour of death: 5 April 1999 at 9:30 p.m.

DATA: The investigation team has reported that the late Radojka Jovanović, as well as her husband, were killed in the NATO bombing of Aleksinac, during which she was in her house which was completely destroyed. Her body was pulled out of the debris.

B. INTERNAL FINDINGS

a. Head

5. The head is completely missing.

b. Neck and Chest

6. All the soft tissue of the neck, as well as the bones and organs in the thoracic cavity are completely missing.

c. Abdomen

7. The abdominal cavity is torn by the injuries described under External Findings. There are pieces of bricks, mortar, sand and wood in the cavity. The parietal and visceral peritoneum have multiple lacerations. Spleen has multiple laceration and a part of it is missing. The remaining part is the size of 40 x 40 x 15 mm, with a mildly creased capsule. The section of the spleen shows moderate blood coloration and the core doesn’t smear off on the knife. The liver is free and is the size of 230 x 120 x 60 mm. On both lobes, superior, in the size of 110 x 80 mm, there are many furrow lacerations of the capsule and tissue of the liver, which are horizontal to the liver vertical axis. They are 20 mm deep. The tissue of the liver in the section is of clear structure, moderate blood coloration, and amorphous in the region of the described laceration, slightly bruised. There is 20 ccm of dark green gall in the gallbladder, which has velvet walls and as if they are dipped in gall. The remaining parts of the pancreas and kidney have ragged, concussed and slightly bruised edges. Their section shows clear structure and moderate blood coloration. The urinary bladder is completely missing as well as the uterus and ovary. Only a part of the oviduct, 60 mm long, is present and it has a clear structure.

8. The stomach is protruding from the wound in the inferior part of the abdomen. Its walls have multiple lacerations, with ragged edges, which aren’t bruised. The mucosa has normal creases and is moderately blood colored. The intestine and colon with multiple lacerations, with ragged, contused and mildly bruised edges and sides. They are covered with earth, sand and mortar. The remaining parts contain standard intestine content. The mucosa has normal creases and is moderately blood colored.

d. Bones

9. All the present bones of the trunk and limbs, except for the left tibia, which is 32.5 cm long and is completely preserved, have multiple fractures and are now smaller and larger bone pieces.

PATHOLOGICAL-ANATOMY FINDINGS

Mors violenta. Detractio et destructio corporis.

Translation: Violent death. Dismembering and destruction of the body.

PATHOLOGICAL-HISTOLOGY FINDINGS

Liver and spleen: Destructio cum haemorrhagia organorum. (Destruction with bleeding in the organs).

CONCLUSION

I A violent death, which is the result of the dismembering and destruction of the body.

II The dismembering and destruction are the result of a blow with a blunt mechanical object, and at the time when inflicted it CAUSED IMMINENT DEATH. No medical aid could have saved the victim.

Medical forensic expert Director

Miodrag Zdravković, MD Prof. Vujadin Otašević, MD

MEDICAL CENTER, ALEKSINAC – SURGERY

List of people injured in the bombing on 5/6 April 1999

1. LJUBICA MILADINOVIĆ Dg: Vulnus sclopetarium thoracis. Major injury.

2. VUKICA MILADINOVIĆ Dg: Vulnera lacero faciei. Mild injury.

3. MARKO MILADINOVIĆ Dg: Vulnus lacero contusum frontis. Mild injury.

4. DIANA MILADINOVIĆ Dg: Contusio capitis. Vulnera lacera faciei. Mild injury.

5. DRAGOLJUB TODOROVIĆ Dg: Fractura cruris sin. Major injury.

6. ZAGORKA MARINKOVIĆ Dg: Fractura ante brachi dex. Major injury.

7. BRANKA STEVANOVIĆ Dg: Fractura cubiti sin. Major injury.

8. BRANKO STEVANOVIĆ Dg: Contusio capitis et thoracis. Mild injury.

9. LJILJANA MILUTINOVIĆ Dg: Vulnera lacero contusum faciei. Mild injury.

10. RADMILA PROJOVIĆ Dg: Vulnera lacero contusum faciei corpus alienum oculi sin. Mild injury.

11. SRBA STOJANOVIĆ Dg: Vulnera lacero contusum faciei et coli. Mild injury.

12. MARIJA STOJKANOVIĆ Dg: Vulnera lacero contusum cruris dex. Contusio corporis. Mild injury.

13. VITOMIR MILUTINOVIĆ Dg: Contusio cerebri. Major injury.

14. VEROLJUB MILUTINOVIĆ Dg: Contusio cerebri. Major injury.

15. GVOZDEN MILIVOJEVIĆ Dg: Contusio cerebri. Major injury.

16. DRAGICA MILIVOJEVIĆ Dg: Vulnera lacero contusum manus bil. Mild injury.

17. MILOMIR VESOVIĆ Dg: Contusio corporis. Mild injury.

18. RUŽICA ŠLJIVIĆ Dg: Contusio capitis. Mild injury.

19. BOGOMIR ARSIĆ Dg: Sectio medulae spinalis, paraplegia inferior. Major injury.

20. ZAGORKA TODOROVIĆ Dg: Contusio capitis. Mild injury.

21. NADEŽDA ŽIVADINOVIĆ Dg: Vulnera lacero contusum cruris bil. Mild injury.

22. BRANKA JONIĆ Dg: Vulnera lacero contusum frontis. Mild injury.

23. VESNA STEFANOVIĆ Dg: Contusio capitis et corporis. Mild injury.

24. MIRJANA RADIVOJEVIĆ Dg: Vulnera lacero contusum faciei. Mild injury.

25. VLADIMIR JANKOVIĆ Dg: Vulnera lacero contusum manus bil et faciei. Mild injury.

26. SAŠA MILETIĆ Dg: Vulnera lacero contusum capitis. Mild injury.

27. VERICA MILETIĆ Dg: Contusio capitis. Mild injury.

28. ELONORA PETROVIĆ Dg: Contusio corporis. Mild injury.

29. ZORICA MILENKOVIĆ Dg: Contusio coxae. Mild injury.

30. SLOBODAN MLADENOVIĆ Dg: Corpus alienum oculi sin. Major injury.

31. JORDAN BAKOVIĆ Dg: Vulnera lacero contusum auriculae dex. Mild injury.

32. MARIJANA ŠATARA Dg: Vulnera lacero contusum capiliti. Mild injury.

33. ZORAN STEFANOVIĆ Dg: Contusio thoracis. Mild injury.

34. NATAŠA STEFANOVIĆ Dg: Vulnus scissum manus sin. Mild injury.

35. DOBRILA KOCIĆ Dg: Fractura tibiae sin. Major injury.

36. ZAGORKA MILETIĆ Dg: Contusio thoracis. Mild injury.

37. MILENA MARINKOVIĆ Dg: Vulnera lacero contusum capitis. Mild injury.

38. DUŠAN MILETIĆ Dg: Vulnera lacero contusum capitis. Mild injury.

39. SIMON MILIĆEVIĆ Dg: Vulnera lacero contusum frontis. Mild injury.

40. TOPLICA STOJANOVIĆ Dg: Contusio corporis. Mild injury.

41. SLAVICA LAZAREVIĆ Dg: Contusio abdominis. Mild injury.

42. SLAVOMIR MILETIĆ Dg: Vulnera lacero contusum capitis. Mild injury.

43. DEJAN MARINKOVIĆ Dg: Vulnera lacero contusum frontis. Mild injury.

44. DRAGOLJUB MILOŠEVIĆ Dg: Vulnera puncta faciei. Mild injury.

16 April 1999 CHIEF OF SURGERY

Aleksinac Prim. Vladeta Matić, MD

Kri.No. 22/99

REPORT

Made on 20 April 1999 in the Municipal Court in Aleksinac

Court officials present:

INVESTIGATIVE JUDGE,

Nebojša Colić

COURT CLERK

Sla|ana \or|ević

Time: 8:45 a.m.

The injured party, SRBOLJUB STOJANOVIĆ, from Aleksinac, No.33 Vuka Karadžića St., born in 1932, father’s name Dušan, being capable and warned, states:

At the time of the bombing I was in my family house, at No. 33 Vuka Karadžića St. The house had a ground and upper floors, with 240 square meters in total. I also had an auxiliary building in my garden, which in fact consisted of a garage and an apartment above it. The size of this object was 8 x 9 meters in its foundation.

All these buildings were completely destroyed when the projectile hit the roof of my house and landed 5-6 meters from it. Beside the house itself, the entire furniture inside it, as well as all the technical and other devices that are standard for a home, have been destroyed. My car, make Zastava 101, which was in the garage at the time, was also completely destroyed. Practically the property that my wife and I had been acquiring our whole life by working for the Elektrodistribucija has been destroyed.

At the time of the explosion I was on the ground floor of my house together with my wife, daughter, son in law and my two granddaughters. There was a terrific explosion, and I do think it consisted of two explosions, after which the windowpanes burst, the ceiling fell down on us, and the walls collapsed, and this practically buried us. After that I could only hear the screams and crying of my family members. My whole body was injured, covered with scratches, cuts and bruises caused by the collapsing construction and glass. I was later given medical treatment and I will submit medical records on this. However, when all this happened my only thought was to save my family members. I remember my wife was badly injured and was bleeding heavily and that my granddaughter and I, barefooted, carried her to the ambulance. In the garden and in the street there were heaps of various construction material, glass, destroyed vehicles, and people coming out and trying to help those that were buried. I could hear cries for help, crying, screams, calls, and all this was horrific.

I remember that the people were amazed how we had managed to pull out from the debris of the house.

By the way, our house was in a peaceful part of the town with no industrial or military installation in its vicinity. Therefore, I really don’t know why we were targeted in the bombing.

We are now living in the home of a friend, since we don’t have any other place to live in and since all our belongings have been destroyed.

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Court clerk Investigative judge

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Kri.No. 26/99

REPORT

Made on 20 April 1999 in the Municipal Court in Aleksinac

Court officials present:

INVESTIGATIVE JUDGE,

Nebojša Colić

COURT CLERK

Sla|ana \or|ević

Time: 8:15 a.m.

The injured party, SLAVIMIR MILETIĆ, from Aleksinac, No.37 Vuka Karadžića St., born in 1956, father’s name Miroslav, being capable and warned, states:

I had a house at No.37 Vuka Karadžića St., in the part of the town without any industrial or military installations nearby.

My house consisted of a ground and upper floors and was the size of 120 square meters. The powerful thrust from the bomb damaged the house completely and it now has to be torn down. Its roof, ceiling, and walls collapsed, damaging the entire furniture and all the technical devices that had been in the house.

At the time of the bombing I was in my house, on the ground floor, together with my wife Verica and our sons, Dušan and Stefan. I remember the explosion, after which the house crushed down and all the windowpanes burst and the joinery broke.

All of us that were in the house were injured. We were covered with scratches, cuts and bruises, and all of us had to be treated medically. I am hereby submitting a report on my injuries, which was written by a doctor-specialist.

On this occasion the entire property that my wife and I had acquired through our private business – trade has been destroyed. Our office had also been in the very house that was destroyed. Therefore, I am now not only without my house but I also have no conditions to continue my work. However, the greatest blow to me were the injuries of my two sons, who are both 13 years old.

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Court clerk Investigative judge

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REPORT OF THE DOCTOR-SPECIALIST

Kri. No. 27/99 135/99-53

REPORT

Made on 20 April 1999 in the Municipal Court in Aleksinac

Court officials present:

INVESTIGATIVE JUDGE,

Nebojša Colić

COURT CLERK

Sla|ana \or|ević

Time: 8:45 a.m.

The injured party, DUŠAN MILETIĆ, from Aleksinac, No.37 Vuka Karadžića St., father’s name Slavimir, being capable and warned, states in the presence of his father:

At the time of the explosion I was in the house with my twin brother, mother and father.

I remember a terrible explosion, the electricity went off, and then the ceiling, pieces of glass and wood came down on us. I was injured by this, especially my head, and I could feel my blood trickling down. Because of this I was later taken to the doctor, and since it was a major injury the wound had to be stitched. I remember that our parents somehow managed to pull us out through the house window and that we went, barefoot, to a neighboring house that had been less damaged. On my way there I could see people running, there was a lot of noise, and after some time the police and fire brigade vehicles arrived.

Since our house is completely destroyed we are now living in the home of my grandparents, in Žitkovac, and whenever the air raid siren goes on we go down to the basement. Since this happens day and night we scarcely have any opportunity to play.

We don’t go to school either. That is why I can hardly wait for this to end so that I can go to school every day and be able to play with my friends again. I seldom meet my friends now because some have left Aleksinac, just like I have, and we practically don’t visit each other because of the constant danger.

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Court clerk Investigative judge

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REPORT OF THE DOCTOR-SPECIALIST

Kri.No. 30/99 135/99-56

REPORT

Made on 20 April 1999 in the Municipal Court in Aleksinac

Court officials present:

INVESTIGATIVE JUDGE,

Nebojša Colić

COURT CLERK

Sla|ana \or|ević

Time: 12:30 p.m

The injured party, ZAGORKA MARINKOVIĆ, from Aleksinac, No.4 Vuka Karadžića St., born in 1936, father’s name Živojin, being capable and warned, states:

I am the owner of the house in Vuka Karadžića St., which is larger than 100 square meters. It is a ground floor house and it was damaged in the bombing, i.e. it is destroyed and only some walls have remained of it. One cannot enter it and it is planned to be torn down. My husband and I have acquired this house by working hard our whole life. My husband died on 28 February this year.

I have been doing all sorts of work; I looked after children, attended elderly persons, and held tenants just to be able to pay for the house.

Not only has the house itself been destroyed but the entire furniture and all the technical devices in it as well.

At the time of the explosion I was in the house belonging to my son, Dragoslav Marinković. I heard a terrible explosion. All of us in the house ran towards one room, while I approached the door. Then there was another explosion, which thrust the door open so strongly that it hit me and broke my right arm.

My granddaughter was also injured. Then there was utter chaos in the house, there was crying and wailing, and the situation outside was just the same. Various objects were scattered around, such as fences, beams, houses were completely destroyed, calls for help could be heard, there was crying and wailing. This upset me so much that even now I cannot calm down, and whenever I talk of this I start crying.

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Court clerk Investigative judge

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REPORT OF THE DOCTOR-SPECIALIST

Kri.No. 37/99 135/99-61

REPORT

Made on 19 April 1999 in the Municipal Court in Aleksinac

Court officials present:

INVESTIGATIVE JUDGE,

Nebojša Colić

COURT CLERK

Sla|ana \or|ević

Time: 9:30 a.m.

The injured party, DRAGOLJUB MILOŠEVIĆ, from Aleksinac, No.39 Vuka Karadžića St., born in 1933, father’s name Radoslav, being capable and warned, states:

My house is at No. 39 Vuka Karadžića St., in the part of the town with no military or industrial facilities. On 5 April 1999 NATO warplanes launched a projectile on that street. I really cannot recall nor tell whether I heard one or two explosions. The center of the destruction was on the house of the Miladinović family, which is in the same street at number 31.

My house consists of a ground and upper floors and covers 220 square meters. In this event it was damaged and its roof structure is completely destroyed. The ceiling of the upper floor collapsed and the construction between the floors is also partly damaged. The entire joinery is destroyed, as well as the furniture and all technical devices for two flats, since I let the apartment upstairs. Dragan Dragović, who is presently on the front, his wife Sonja and their children were my tenants. At the time of the bombing they weren’t in the house.

At the time of the bombing I was sleeping on the ground floor while my daughter, Sanja, was out. I have no other family members. I felt and heard a terrific explosion and my bed practically sprang half a meter from the floor and I fell out of it. The glass from the windowpanes burst and its pieces cut my head and arms. Then I went out into the street to see whether anybody was injured, and I helped the injured Dragoljub Todorović. There was utter chaos in the streets with crying, wailing, and running about. Besides being injured I suffered a mental trauma from which I still cannot recover. My daughter wasn’t injured because she wasn’t near the site at the time.

In this bombing everything that my wife and I had acquired by working hard as teachers was destroyed. It was our entire property. I am now living under difficult conditions because my house needs to be repaired, and the furniture and appliances to be bought, which will be impossible for me since I have been working my whole life for this property, and it presented my entire life savings.

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Court clerk Investigative judge

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Kri.No. 59/99 135/99-83

REPORT

Made on 22 April 1999 in the Municipal Court in Aleksinac

Court officials present:

INVESTIGATIVE JUDGE,

Nebojša Colić

COURT CLERK

Sla|ana \or|ević

Time: 8:15 a.m.

The injured party, SLOBODAN SEKULOVIĆ, from Aleksinac, No.21 Vuka Karadžića St., born in 1941, father’s name Života, being capable and warned, states:

I live in my family house in Aleksinac at No. 21 Vuka Karadžića St. The house consists of a ground and upper floors and it is the size of 200 square meters. There is another auxiliary ground floor house in my garden, which is made of bricks and is the size of 84 square meters. My wife, Biljana, as well and my son, Aleksa, and his wife, Tanja, and their 3 and a half years old son, Aleksa, live with me.

The house is in a rather quiet part of Aleksinac, with no military or industrial installation nearby. Nevertheless, this part of the town was destroyed.

A missile struck the house of the Miladinović family, which is only 30 meters away, where 3 citizens were killed.

The powerful blast damaged my house, since it completely destroyed its roof, the entire joinery, windowpanes, blinds on the windows, and some of the furniture. The house in the garden was destroyed in the same manner and the buildings require major repairs.

This is the property that I have been acquiring with great difficulty throughout my life. My father invested in it, prior to me, and my son, too. Practically it is an investment of three generations.

During the bombing almost all of us were in the house, except for my son, daughter in law and grandson. However, my daughter, Milica Jovanović, my son in law, Siniša Jovanović, and their daughter were with me, as well as my son in law’s brother, Nenad Jovanović.

I was on the upper floor while they were on the ground floor, and after the explosion and the blackout I practically didn’t know where I was. When I managed to pull out of the house I could see tiles, construction material, and glass in the gardens and streets, and I could hear screams of the injured for help, as well as cries and wailing, and we were trying to help them.

The scene was horrific and it cannot and will never be forgotten.

After this everybody in the house suffered from mental trauma and they jerk whenever the air raid alarm goes on. I remember my granddaughter couldn’t understand how a house made of bricks could be blown away, since this wasn’t possible in a tale for children that she had read.

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Court clerk Investigative judge

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Kri.No. 58/99 135/99-82

REPORT

Made on 19 April 1999 in the Municipal Court in Aleksinac

Court officials present:

INVESTIGATIVE JUDGE,

Vladica Simonović

COURT CLERK

Slavica Aleksić

The witness-injured party, BRANKO STEVANOVIĆ, from Aleksinac, No.31 Vuka Karadžića St., born in 1929, father’s name Sreten, being capable and warned, states:

When NATO attacked with projectiles, namely during their bombing on 5 April 1999, at about 9:40 p.m., I was in the bathroom of my house in Aleksinac, at No.31 Vuka Karadžića St. My wife, Branislava, had just gone upstairs to open the windows. The bomb landed about 6-8 meters from the bathroom. It struck the wall of the next door house, opposite my bathroom. I was injured and taken immediately to the health center in Aleksinac, where I was medically treated. My left leg was also injured. My wife, Branislava, got major injuries and she is now in the Surgery of the hospital in Niš.

My house is midway Vuka Karadžića St., in a residential area with no military facility in its vicinity nor farther away. Because of this no one expected that the center of Aleksinac, and my house in it, would be bombed.

My house is completely destroyed, and what has remained of it has to be torn down. One cannot live in it any more. The auxiliary building in my garden has also been destroyed.

The municipal board, which is establishing the damage, has all data on the extent of the damage.

My entire furniture, appliances, technical devices, and other household items have been completely destroyed and cannot be used any more.

Court clerk Investigative judge

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Kri – 52/99 135/99-74

Minutes of the Testimony of Witness

Taken on 19 April 1999 before the investigative judge of the Municipal Court in Aleksinac, in the criminal proceedings concerning the consequences of the NATO bombing, initiated under Articles 141, 142, and 148 of the Penal Code.

Investigative judge Witness

Ranko Bogosavljević Svetlana Conić

Court clerk

Brankica Stojanović

Also present at the testimony are:

Public Prosecutor

/

The Accused

/

The Defense Counsel

/

The hearing began at / hours.

It was brought to the attention of the witness that she is obliged to tell the truth and not to suppress anything; she was warned of the consequences of giving false testimony, and that she is under no obligation to answer questions which might bring disgrace on herself or a close relative, cause her considerable material damage or cause her to be prosecuted (Art. 229 of the Law on Criminal Procedure). The witness answered the general questions as follows:

1) Name and family name

2) Father’s name

3) Occupation

4) Domicile

5) Place of birth

6) Date of birth

7) Relationship to the accused or the wronged party.

With regard to the case, the witness stated the following:

Svetlana Conić, maiden name Jovanović, living in Niš, No.11b Rudnička St., the daughter of the now late Vojislav and Radojka Jovanović, on her own initiative gave the following testimony.

She has been acquainted with the request 02 No.235/99-1, issued by the Committee for Gathering Data on Crimes Committed Against Humanity and International Law.

Having stated that she has understood the content of the appeal she gave the following testimony:

My late father, Vojislav Jovanović, born on December 26, 1907, was from Aleksinac.

He graduated from the school for teachers and worked in many places.

In 1938 he met my mother in Soko Banja, where she was on her holiday. She comes from Vojvodina, from a village near Novi Sad, and was also a teacher. Well, they married in 1938 and went on working as teachers. Besides teaching children they also educated peasants in remote villages, both in the Aleksinac and Soko Banja municipalities.

To my mother the gap in the mentality, habits and other general matters between the regions was huge, but nevertheless, she readily and willingly took part in this humane and educational work.

In WW II my father was held as prisoner of war in Germany for 4 years. I do regret for not having records where he had been and under what number he had been registered. I only know that he was in Nuremberg most of the time, maybe even all the time.

In 1939 their first child, a girl, was born. At the time they were working in the village of Jošanica, near Sokobanja. But the child fell ill and since the nearest hospital was in Niš, 60 km away, they took a horse cart to reach it. When they reached G. Toponica, which is about 10 km from Niš, their child died in my mother’s hands.

Both my grandfathers were killed in WW I – my mother’s father was killed near Thessaloniki and my father’s father on Mt. Cer. After that my father supported his mother. I was born on 11 May 1946. We lived only on the wages of my parents, and we had no other property. My parents supported both my grandmother and paid for my education. In 1965 they retired and lived on their very modest pensions. My husband and I took care of them till 5 April 1999.

Although they were both old they were very sturdy and healthy, except for my mother’s minor heart problems and father’s poor sight. I had engaged a woman to help them during the day. However, when the NATO aggression started that woman, who lives in a nearby village, didn’t dare to travel to the town, so instead of her I spent about 10 days in my parents’ house, until 5 April.

In the meantime the war had developed to its full extent with alarming reports of bombings throughout Serbia and Kosovo. The air raid sirens that announce the presence of the threat in the air went on very often and the citizens spent most of the time in their basements, since they lacked better shelters. That day, 5 April, I left for Niš because I heard that the part of the town where I live, where my husband and children were at the time, had been bombed the previous night.

I left both my parents in their home. When I heard about the bombing of Aleksinac I came back with my husband to find my family house completely destroyed and to hear that my parents were under the debris.

They were pulled out of the debris three days later, and nothing is left of my family house.

I wish to mention that my parent’s house, and therefore my house too, had been in the very center of the town and there were only general purpose establishments in its vicinity, such as the health center and its emergency ward, the pension fund and children’s fund offices, the green market and shopping center, with apartments within the building.

I am hereby claiming indemnity for the entire damage, mental and material, for the house and everything that had been in it. I am concerned that the perpetrator is sentenced accordingly.

An autopsy was performed on my parents’ bodies and I suggest that a file be formed containing the autopsy reports and all other relevant documents.

The testimony has been put down just as I have testified, so I am signing it.

I wish to add that my family house was bought in 1953 and I remember my father saying that he had invested his entire savings and had even sold his trophy rifle to purchase the house. He also had to borrow some money, which he was paying back for many years.

In their lifetime that was the only property my parents had earned.

I testified after being warned by the investigative judge about the consequences of false testimony.

signature

Court clerk Investigative judge

signature Seal affixed signature

Kri.No. 76/99 135/99-97

REPORT

Made on 19 April 1999 in the Municipal Court in Aleksinac

Court officials present:

INVESTIGATIVE JUDGE,

Vladica Simonović

COURT CLERK

Slavica Aleksić

The witness, DEJAN MILINOVIĆ, Director of the trade firm Angrokolonijal, from Aleksinac, born in 1957, father’s name Nikola, being capable and warned, states:

On Monday 5 April 1999, at about 9:40 p.m, a projectile of the NATO aggressor hit the central storage of the trade firm Angrokolonijal, Aleksinac, in Petra Zeca St. There is no military installation in its vicinity.

The guard of the firm Angrokolonijal in Aleksinac, Velimir Stanković, from v. Draževac, born on December 5, 1947, who was within the Angrokolonijal grounds when the projectile landed, was killed on the site.

The registration office at the gate and the commercial department auxiliary building have been completely destroyed. Both of them are useless now and will have to be torn down.

The central storage, which is the size of 2150 square meters, has also suffered major damage, and according to the construction inspection it has to be torn down.

According to the bookkeeping records it is estimated that the overall value of the destroyed infrastructure objects is about 3,100,000.00 Dinars.

The computing equipment, 2 monitors, 2 color monitors, 2 printers, 1 modem and 1 controller, have also been destroyed. Their evaluated market price is 120,000.00 Dinars

The central storage equipment as well as the equipment withdrawn from the shops to be kept in the main storage, has also been destroyed. Its bookkeeping value is 380,753.00 Dinars.

Minor inventory items, having the bookkeeping value of 8,446.00 Dinars, have also been destroyed.

An electric forklift V-2002, whose bookkeeping value is 62,520.00 Dinars, was also destroyed.

A truck, make TAM 130 T-11, whose bookkeeping value is 168,000.00 Dinars, was also destroyed.

A car, make Zastava 750, was also badly damaged, in the value of 15,394.00 Dinars.

Other vehicles of the firm, which were within the grounds at the time, have also been damaged, but the extent of their damage will be established subsequently.

The shops, as well as the main building of the firm Angrokolonijal, which is in the main street in Aleksinac, in Knjaz Miloša St., suffered damage too. Their windows were broken, goods damaged, and the similar, and the estimated damage is 250,000.00 Dinars.

When the already formed boards complete their work the full extent of the damage will be known.

Most of the damage is expressed in the bookkeeping value, which significantly differs from the present market value.

signature

Court clerk Investigative judge

signature Seal affixed signature

Kri. No. 96/99 135/99-142

REPORT

Made on 21 April 1999 in the Municipal Court in Aleksinac

Court officials present:

INVESTIGATIVE JUDGE,

Vladica Simonović

COURT CLERK

Slavica Aleksić

The witness, DRAGOSLAV MILENKOVIĆ, from Aleksinac, No.40 JNA St., 5th floor, apartment No.28, born in 1945, father’s name Budimir, being capable and warned, states:

In the evening hours on 5 April 1999, at about 9:40 p.m., a projectile launched by the NATO aggressor landed about 10 meters from the apartment building where I live, at No.40 JNA St.

The mentioned building is in the residential area of Aleksinac and there are no military installations nearby, not even farther away.

The detonation demolished everything in my apartment, which is on the 5th floor. Thirteen shrapnel landed in my apartment, some of them even reached it by penetrating the walls, whereby my living room, kitchen, bedroom, anteroom and bathroom, as well as all the things in the apartment were destroyed.

At the time of the explosion I was on the ground floor while my family was in the building basement, and the fact that we were not in the apartment saved our lives.

My family and I have suffered shock, and we still haven’t recovered from the explosion of the NATO projectile.

I have made a list of all the things that were in the flat, though I might have omitted certain items, since after the explosion of the NATO projectile the flat and everything in it was burnt and destroyed.

I am submitting to the court a list of my property that has been burnt in the bombing.

signature

Court clerk Investigative judge

signature Seal affixed signature

DRAGOSLAV MILENKOVIĆ

NO. 40 J N A St., 5th floor, apartment No. 28

LIST OF ALL THE ITEMS THAT WERE BURNT IN THE BOMBING OF MY FLAT IN ALEKSINAC IN THE EVENING HOURS OF 5 APRIL 1999

Sitting room

– White wall-to-wall fitment

– chest for bed-linen

– wardrobe

– 2 large sofas

– dining table-extendable

– 6 frame chairs

– white carpet 4 x 3 m

– entertainment-center shelf

– coat stand

– color TV (Gorenje)

– video recorder (Sharp)

– cassette player (Sony)

– 2 vacuum cleaners (small-Midžor, large-Čačak)

– steam iron

– ironing board

– cot bed with mattress

– 2 chandeliers

– 1 hair drier

– electric food slicer

– walkman (Sony)

– 2 bags of soap powder

– anteroom carpet

– family pictures in frames

– 15 small towels and 4 large ones

– 22 kitchen towels

– 14 cover sets

– 4 crocheted tablecloths

– 7 synthetic blankets

– 6 quilts

– 6 cushions

– 7 curtains

– 2 tableware sets (for 12 persons)

– Zepter dish

– 3 crystal glassware sets

– 1 set for pudding

– 4 vases

– books

– 4 woollen rugs

– crystal bowls

– 2 silver chains

– 1 gold chain

– 1 gold bracelet

– 6 gold pendants

– 2 pairs of golden earrings

– 11 flowerpots

– 3 pairs of sandals for women

– 1 pair of shoes for men

– 2 pair of boots for women

– 16 sets for women

– 3 raincoats for women

– 14 suits for men

– 27 shirts for men

– 1 coat for men

– 4 leather jackets

– 1 sheepskin jacket for children

– 3 texas jackets

– 2 raincoats for men

– 1 down jacket

– 2 down sleeveless jackets

– 3 sweatsuits

– 18 skirts

– 26 blouses

– 6 jumpers for women

– 3 summer dresses

– 2 long skirts

– 15 summer T-shirts

– children’s underwear

– women’s underwear

– men’s underwear

– 13 trousers

– 15 turtle neck sweaters

– socks for men and women

– 3 bathrobes

– 14 dresses

– sweaters and jumpers

– 1 coat for women

– 7 pyjamas

– 4 night gowns

– 2 school bags

– 3 watches

– 1 wall clock

– 2 sleeping bags

– 1 military jacket

– 6 handbags

– 3 bags for men

– 7 leather belts for men

– 10 kg of sugar

– 25 kg of flour

– curtain tracks

– bathing suits

– furnace

– 2 medical files (from 1980 – spine problems, and 1988 – on II category invalidity)

– 6 towel covers

– 4 handmade woollen covers

– 1 lamp

Kitchen

– sofa

– kitchen table

– 4 frame chairs

– entertainment set

– stove (Smederevac)

– electric cooker (sloboda Čačak)

– fridge (Obodin)

– washing machine (Obodin Lux)

– sink

– cupboards (2×120)

– 3 shelves

– 1 carpet 5 x 2,5

– chest for firewood

– mixer (Gorenje)

– toaster

– 3 electric coffee grinders

– meat mincer

– nut grinder

– kitchen scales

– juice extractor

– coffee cups and saucers

– tea cups and saucers

– 2 tableware sets (for 6 persons)

– radio set

– cover for the sofa

– digital blood pressure measuring set

– dishes (pots, pans, bowls, etc.)

– 3 sets of cutlery

– 2 thermos bottles

– food

– jars for food

– tablecloths – crocheted & dining

– bell for cakes

– lamp

Children bedroom

– sofa

– wardrobe

– 3 shelves

– small table

– 2 armchairs

– carpet 3 x 2,5 m

– desk

– office chair

– books

– stationary for geodesy

– frames for pictures and pictures

– shelf

– curtain

– curtain tracks

– small TV set

– cassette player

– cassettes

– men wear:

– 13 pairs of jeans

– several trousers, shirts, sweaters, T-shirts, underwear, jumpers, 2 leather jackets

– 2 sets of crystal glasses

– bowls and other ornaments

– bathing suits

– 1 chandelier

– 2 lamps

Anteroom

– wall-to-wall carpet

– small rugs

– shoe storage cabinet

– coat hanger

– large mirror

– 2 down jackets

– 1 light jacket

– 1 Texas jacket

– coats and jackets

– 7 umbrellas

– caps and shawls

– gloves (4 pairs)

– several pairs of men’s boots

– several pairs of men’s shoes

– slippers

– several pairs of women’s boots and shoes

– several pairs of children’s boots, sandals, slippers, sports shoes and clogs

– wall clock

– frames and pictures

– telephone set

– crocheted pieces

– decorative bowls

– stockings

– socks for children and men

Bathroom

– flush cistern

– tub

– boiler

– wash basin

– 2 bags of soap powder

– laundry basket

– mirror

– 2 bathroom cabinets

– bathroom set

– shaving set

– toothbrushes and glasses

– creams, lotions, deodorant, bath foams, perfumes, shampoos, gel, oil

– sponge

Kri. No. 87/99 135/99-134

REPORT

Made on 20 April 1999 in the Municipal Court in Aleksinac

Court officials present:

INVESTIGATIVE JUDGE,

Vladica Simonović

COURT CLERK

Slavica Aleksić

SLOBODAN VUKIĆ from Aleksinac, a representative of the trade firm „Tekstil“, Aleksinac, born in 1943, father’s name Miroslav, being capable and warned, states:

On 5 April 1999, during the night, at about 9:40 p.m., a NATO missile hit the center of Aleksinac, Knjaz Miloša St., where all the shops of the trade firm Tekstil, Aleksinac, are located. The management building of the firm, at No. 4 Milana Tepića St., was also damaged.

The firm formed a board which established the damage to the following shops: Jelka Radulović, Ukras, Modna Konfekcija, Tkanina, Novi Dom, Novitet, Uzor, Snežana, Robna Kuća, Trevira, Moda, Dekor, Moravica, Tekstil, Sintelon, as well as the management building.

The shops are in the very center of Aleksinac, in its main street, and there are no military installations in its vicinity.

There is material damage done to the shops. Glass of various kinds, size and thickness, is broken, in the overall surface of 426.70 sq.m., and its value will be established subsequently.

The roof structure on the shops Robna Kuća, management building, and Jelka Radulović were partly destroyed. The walls of the shops and management building have been damaged, as well as the windows, doors, metal and wooden structures, the shop windows and blinds and shutters, wall paneling, electric installations and lights, and other installation and equipment in the shops.

A Board, formed by the Managing Board and the municipal authorities, will establish the full extent of the damage.

The firm is loosing about 35,000.00 Dinars per day because it doesn’t have profit, i.e. it has no income. The shops are presently being rebuilt. signature

Court clerk Investigative judge

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Retail trade of textile goods TEKSTIL – ALEKSINAC

No.115 sign: D Aleksinac, 16 April 1999

REPORT

ON THE MATERIAL AND FINANCIAL DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE NATO AGRESSOR BOMBING OF ALEKSINAC ON 5 APRIL 1999, AT ABOUT 9:35 P.M.

This report was made in the trade firm Tekstil, Aleksinac, at No. 4 Majora Tepića St., by the Board formed by the firm, with the objective to establish both the material and financial damage from the bombing.

The Board made a report on the material damage to the sales and business facilities, and the other one on the evaluated financial damage as a result of the bombing.

The established material damage:

1. Overall broken glass surfaces – 426.70 sq.m., valued at 149,345.00

2. Roof structures – 2,000 tiles and 300 meters of strips of wood.

3. Damaged shop and management building walls, as well as windows, doors, metal and wooden structures, shop windows with damaged blinds and shutters, wall paneling, electric installations and lights, lids, other installations and equipment in the shops (dolls, shelves, counters, and the similar). The value of the goods under item No. 3 is about 50,000.00 Dinars

4. Damaged goods, in the value of 93,500.00 Dinars.

5. The firm invested the amount of about 20,000.00 Dinars for temporary repairs, necessary for protection of its goods and facilities.

The precise extent of the damage will be established by subsequent procedures, and a report will be made.

SUPPLEMENTS: 1. Board report on the material damage
2. Board report on the financial damage

Aleksinac Manager

Date: 16 April 1999 stamp and signature

REPORT

ON THE DAMAGE DONE TO THE FACILITIES OF THE FIRM TEKSTIL, ALEKSINAC, IN THE N A T O BOMBING OF ALEKSINAC IN THE EVENING HOURS ON 5 APRIL 1999

The Board, formed by the Managing Board of the firm Tekstil, found the following damage on the following shops of the firm:

JELKA RADULOVIĆ

– Shop windows, overall surface 11.65 sq.m. (thickness 4mm)

– Damaged roof (tiles have to be arranged)

– Damaged goods in the shop window, about 5,000.00 Dinars

UKRAS

Shop windows, overall surface 59.31 sq.m.

15.58 sq.m. (thickness 4mm)

43.73 sq.m. (thickness 6mm)

Shop window ceiling, damaged

Damaged blinds (3 x 1, 50 x 2)

Damaged goods in the shop window, about 2000.00 Dinars

MODNA KONFEKCIJA

Shop windows, overall surface 53.57 sq.m.

16.34 sq.m. (thickness 4mm)

35.96 sq.m. (thickness 6mm)

Mirror, overall surface 1.27 sq.m.

Blinds 8 pcs in total

7 pcs the size of 1.5 x 2.40 m

1 pc the size of 2.3 x 2.40 m

Venetian blinds in the entire shop

5 shop window dolls

Damaged upholstery on the wooden doors on 2 doors

Damaged goods in the shop window, about 50,000.00 Dinars

TKANINA

Shop windows, overall surface 20.06 sq.m.

8.99 sq.m. (thickness 4mm)

8.91 sq.m. (thickness 6mm)

A window and its wooden frame 2.56 sq.m.

NOVI DOM

Shop windows, overall surface 108.25 sq.m.

17.13 sq.m. (thickness 4mm)

vacuumed 2.06 sq.m. (thickness 4mm)

glass paneling 9.20 sq.m. (thickness 6mm)

opaque glass 79.86 sq.m. (thickness 8 mm)

Neon light covers 25 pcs

Spherical light fixtures 1 pc

Shop window dolls 2 pcs

Aluminum ceiling paneling about 300 sq.m.

Damaged upholstery on the wooden door on 1 door

Damaged goods in the shop window, about 12,000.00 Dinars

NOVITET

Shop windows, overall surface 23.51 sq.m.

6.41 sq.m. (thickness 4mm)

17.10 sq.m. (thickness 6mm)

UZOR

Shop windows, overall surface 57.93 sq.m.

0.70 sq.m. (thickness 6mm)

vacuumed 2.31 sq.m. (thickness 6mm)

tempered 54.92 sq.m. (thickness 10 mm)

Damaged venetian blinds

Damaged goods in the shop window, about 15,000.00 Dinars

Aluminum ceiling paneling about 150 sq.m.

SNEŽANA

Shop windows, overall surface 14.62 sq.m.

11.09 sq.m. (thickness 4mm)

3.53 sq.m. (thickness 6mm)

Damaged goods in the shop window, about 3.500.00 Dinars

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ROBNA KUĆA

Shop windows, overall surface 5.48 sq.m.

4.02 sq.m. (thickness 3mm)

1.46 sq.m. (thickness 4mm)

Cracked glass-beam in the shop window

Entrance door and a part of the building above the door damaged

Storage door on the 1st floor damaged (wooden construction)

The side of the roof facing the courtyard damaged

TREVIRA

Shop windows, overall surface 0.30 sq.m. (thickness 4mm)

MODA

Shop windows, overall surface 5.78 sq.m.

0.92 sq.m. (thickness 4mm)

4.86 sq.m. (thickness 6mm)

DEKOR

Shop windows, overall surface 5.85 sq.m. (thickness 6mm)

Damaged goods in the shop window, about 4,000.00 Dinars

MORAVICA

Shop windows, overall surface 0.62 sq.m (thickness 4mm)

TEKSTIL

Shop windows, overall surface 10.59 sq.m.

1.97 sq.m. (thickness 3mm)

8.62 sq.m. (thickness 6mm)

SINTELON

Shop windows, overall surface 4.57 sq.m.

3.44 sq.m. (thickness 4mm)

1.13 sq.m. (thickness 6mm)

MANAGEMENT BUILDING.

Glass (windows and doors) overall surface 26.79 sq.m. (thickness 4mm)

Wall cracked

Roof damaged (tiles and strips of wood)

SHOPS RENTED BY „TEKSTIL”, BELONGING TO PUBLIC SERVICES:

BAZAR

Shop windows, overall surface 8.99 sq.m.

3.22 sq.m. (thickness 4mm)

5.77 sq.m. (thickness 6mm)

Damaged goods in the shop window, about 2,000.00 Dinars

SHOP SINTEKS

Shop windows, overall surface 10.46 sq.m.

NOTE: All the above mentioned shops are in Knjaza Miloša Street in Aleksinac.

SUMMARY

1.Glass in the overall surface of 426.70 square meters, its value being 149,345.00 Dinars.

2. Roof – about 2000 tiles and 300 meters of strips of wood.

3. Plastering of cracked walls in the shops and management building.

4. Repair of wooden window-frames and doors.

5. Replacement and repair of blinds

6. Replacement and repair of roller-shutters

7. Replacement and repair of wooden paneling

8. Neon light covers

9. Shop-window dolls, 7 pcs.

10. Goods damaged in the shop windows in the value of 93,500.00 Dinars.

In order to enable the shops to start work investments in the amount of 20,000.00 Dinars have been made (for purchasing plastic foils, metal structures, various wooden panels, welding, and the similar).

The establishing of the full extent of the damage is in progress. Therefore, every damage which hasn’t been established by now will be reported subsequently and will present a supplement to this report.

Aleksinac, 14 April 1999 Members of the Board:

1. Dragoslav Radojičić

2. Ljubiša Milojković

3. Srbijanka Milčić

Verified by

Chairman of the Managing Board

Kri. No. 77/99 135/99-98

REPORT

Made on 19 April 1999 in the Municipal Court in Aleksinac

Court officials present:

INVESTIGATIVE JUDGE,

Vladica Simonović

COURT CLERK

Slavica Aleksić

SLOBODAN TODOROVIĆ, from Aleksinac, born in 1960, father’s name Staniša, who is representing the firm EMPA, Aleksinac, being capable and warned, states:

On 5 April 1999, in the evening, at about 9:40 p.m., three NATO missiles fell near the firm EMPA damaging its buildings, equipment, finished products, partly finished products, raw material and semi-products, and also injuring a worker.

A report on the entire damage was submitted to the Republic Board for Establishing the Damage from the Bombardment.

The NATO projectile injured a member of the security staff, Veroljub Milutinović, born in 1947, who was inflicted major injuries and is now being treated in the Health Center in Aleksinac.

According to a rough estimate the damage to the buildings is about 3,000,000.00. The full extent of the damage will be established by the construction firm Moravica, i.e. by a board that will be formed.

A rough estimate of the damage to the equipment for production, to the transportation means, and to other equipment, as well as the damage to the finished products, partly finished products, raw material, semi-products, and to the glass surfaces is 3,560,000.00 Dinars.

The firm EMPA is located in the industrial zone of Aleksinac and there are no military installations in its vicinity.

I wish to add that the firm EMPA, Aleksinac, is losing 70,000.00 Dinars each day because it couldn’t continue production after the NATO aggressor bombing.

Court clerk Investigative judge

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MORAVICA Construction works

To the Investigative judge

Municipal Court in Aleksinac

Date: 21 April 1999

SUBJECT: Expert findings on the damage to
the civilian facilities in the Dušana Trivunca
and Vuka Karadžića St., which are the result
of the bombing on 5 April 1999

DESCRIPTION:

I. The ground floor houses that are along the left side of the Dušana Trivunca St., in its section between the dispensary and the market, have all been destroyed. Destruction extends to the depth of 70-80 meters. The houses were built of hard construction material, i.e. of bricks.

The following ground floor houses have been destroyed:

– No. 56 lot number 2188 with auxiliary buildings

– No. 58 lot number 2187 with auxiliary buildings

– No. 60 lot number 2186 with auxiliary buildings

– No. 62 lot number 2184 with auxiliary buildings

– No. 64 lot number 2185 with auxiliary buildings

– No. 66 lot number 2183 with auxiliary buildings

– No. 68 lot number 2182 with auxiliary buildings

– No. 17 lot number 2178 with auxiliary buildings

Buildings in the dead end street, on lot number 2180

– No. 2 lot number 2181

– No. 4 lot number 2179 with auxiliary buildings

– No number lot number 2164 with auxiliary buildings

The extent of the damage to the roofs, ceiling, brick walls, installation, joinery, and other construction and craft works is 100%. All these objects have been designated by the expert republic board to be demolished. Some construction material in the debris can be used again (tiles, beams, bricks, and stone), and this presents 10% of the market prices of the houses prior to the bombing.

Right-hand side of the Dušana Trivunca St.

The ground floor houses built of hard construction material have been destroyed 100%, just like the left-hand side of the street.

– No. 29 lot number 2039

– No. 33 lot number 2046

– No. 36 lot number 2047, 2048

– No. 37 lot number 2053

These facilities will be demolished, except for those where reconstruction is planned.

The extent of the damage to the roofs, ceiling, brick walls, installation, carpentry, and other construction and craft works is 100%. All these buildings have been designated by the expert republic board to be demolished. Some construction material in the debris can be used again (tiles, beams, bricks, and stone), and this presents 10% of the market prices of the houses prior to the bombing.

II Left-hand and right-hand side of Vuka Karadžića St., section between the apartment buildings.

The objects are individual houses with ground and upper floor, built of bricks laid in reinforced concrete frames, most of them built 20 years ago. The extent of their damage is as follows:

A. Left-hand side of Vuka Karadžića St. – where the bomb fell. Twin houses with ground and upper floor.

– No. 27&29 lot number 2503 with auxiliary buildings

– No. 31&33 lot number 2500&2499 with auxiliary buildings

The extent of the damage to these two twin houses is 100%, and these houses have been designated by the expert republic board to be demolished.

– No. 25 lot number 2504 with auxiliary buildings

– No. 35&37 lot number 2498 with auxiliary buildings

The extent of the damage to these buildings and to their auxiliary buildings, which was caused by the bombing and explosion, ranges from 80-100%.

According to the expert findings of the republic board these objects have been designated to be demolished.

B. The extent of the damage to the private individual and twin ground + upper floor houses along the right-hand side of Vuka Karadžića St. ranges from 80-100%. The roofs, joinery, facade, installations, and interior decoration have been damaged.

– No. 6&8 lot number 2480 & 2481

– No. 11&12 lot number 2482 & 2483

– No. 14 & 16 lot number 2484 & 2485

– No. 4 lot number 2147

The extent of the damage is such that the republic board has designated them to be demolished.

Manager, Budimir Marković, Bach. of civil eng.

Technical Manager, Kiro Stojkovski, architect

Executive Manager, Novica Pešić, Bach. of civil eng.

029097

In the village of Dubinje

On April 6, 1999, at 8:45 p.m., due to a missile attack in the form of a so-called „carpet bombing”, considerable damage was inflicted on civilian buildings in Dubinje and Sjenica. Also heavily damaged in Dubinje are DP PIK „Pešter” administration building, dairy, workers’ premises and several auxiliary facilities within the company’s compound. In addition, apartment buildings with many flats and a large number of passenger cars were damaged. Telephone, electrical and underground power supply cables were cut, as well as water supply and an overhead high-voltage line. This caused a total cutoff of water and power supply and telephone traffic. (…)

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