Genocide against the Serbian population in Kupres

Genocide over the Serbian population in Kupres was committed by the Croatian army and paramilitaries in the period 03/04 – 15/05/1992.
During the armed conflicts on the territory of former BiH from 1992 to 1995, armed forces of the Republic of Croatia have committed several attacks, openly and without any warning, on Serbian civilians with the aim of elimination of Serbian people and ethnical cleansing from the area in which the Serbs were majority when Bosnia and Herzegovina was a part of former Yugoslavia.

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Forensic expert Slobodan Radulj says the mass graves discovered in two hundred meters long pits were full of remains of Serbs, meanwhile, some corpses were wrapped in nylon bags and lined up like sardines in cans. 
–  The condition of the victims, missing body parts indicates that they were subject to incredible torture;   we discovered burned body parts, as well as clothes and footwear.
They found a gas burner, barbed wire around the victims,  bullets and various infantry weapons

 

One of the first attacks was committed on Kupres plateau on 03/04/1992 at 06,00 hrs by HOS, ZNG and other formations from Duvno, Livno, Lištica, Posušje, Bugojno, Gornji Vakuf, Prozor and other places. The attack was done in the village of Donji Malovan, Kupres Municipality. At the same time, attacks were also committed on other places inhabited by the majority of Serbs: Blagaj, Zanablina, Ravno, Vukovsko, Rilići, Kupres and Begovo Selo.

In the attack on Donji Malovan, everything that was Serbian was destroyed. People were killed regardless of their age and sex, and houses were burnt up and destroyed, as well as other facilities. Not even the sacred religious facilities were safe from shelling and destroying. Numerous captured civilians, women, children, the old and disabled were imprisoned and brought to Nazi-type camps were they were tortured in various ways and by various means.

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Continued where their fathers were stopped: today’s Croatia is a single resurrected  Nazi state, from the anthem, flag, coat of arms, currency and  hysteric serbhatred, serbophobia and repeated genocide of Serbs  

In the criminal charge brought by PSC Banja Luka No. KU-11/93 from 23/03/1993 the following was presented: facts, criminal files, documentation, names and identification data of the killed, wounded, those taken to camps, prisons, mainly in the territory of Croatia among which was a priest Perković Zoran (captured in “Kratelj” place). During maltreating and atrocious tortures of captured Serbs, they were forced to go before tanks that were shooting at buildings, hospitals, public institutions facilities, hotels, shops, restaurants etc. in Kupres.

The captured Serbs were forced to walk naked and barefoot in the rain. During the torture, they were beaten with rifle buts and shoes and they were forced to keep their hands above the head. Men, bound with wire, were taken through a row of soldiers, were beaten up and forced them into trucks when many of them got brain concussion and fractures of arms, legs, ribs, etc. Many were thrown into pits in Tomislavgrad (Duvno) and a number of them were taken to a notorious camp “Lora” in Split. Many of them died during the transport.

The captured civilians were taken to more than 15 conc camps ( like Eminovo SeloVrgoracformer JNA Military Camp in  ZadarTomislavgradStipanićiLjubuški, etc.), where they had salt put into their mouths, not given water, beaten up with cudgels, sticks, had cigarettes put out on their skin, had hand grenades put into their mouths, were stabbed with knives, were wetted with fuel, and then burnt, were subjected to monstrous psychical sufferings, etc. Criminal charge contains the names of the killed, wounded, deceased and of those treated in hospitals, as well as the names of criminals who committed that genocide of Serbs. In this area of 550 km2 similar and even worse crimes were committed over the Serbs during World War II. At that time 1038 Serbs were massacred and killed out of whom 225 were children younger than 10.
Over 70% of the land was owned by Serbs and before the war from 1992 – 1995,   55% of the population were the Serbs.

On the same day around 06,00 hrs, an attack was committed from the direction of Šujice village, inhabited only by Croats. The attack was done by members of Croatian units HOS and ZNG as well as the members of the unit formed by Croats in Šujice, whose members were wearing black uniforms and the “U” sign, as Ustashas did, in World War II. Villagers who had not managed to escape were killed on the spot, so around 20 Serbs were killed in Donji Malovan that day.

The attack was sudden and committed by Croats from Croatia but also from Kupres area,  Tomislavgrad (Duvno) and Livno, as well as armed formations of Croatian Party of Rights and ruling HDZ.
The attack started by barging of Croatian units in Donji Malovan village in the most southwest part of Kupres plateau. 
The following units participated in the mass murder and criminal, organized the genocidal campaign against Serbs:
106th Osijek Brigade, 101st Zagreb Brigade, Students” Battalion “Kralj Tomislav” from Zagreb, Special Unit “Žuti mrav” from Vukovar, Croatian MUP Unit for Special Tasks and Battalion “Zrinjski”. The criminal attack on peaceful Serbian villages was done in the time when BiH was still part of then-Yugoslavia, SFRY.
However, during the time, there was not even one Yugoslav soldier on Kupres plateau.

Apart from Donji Malovan, neighboring Serbian villages were also attacked on that day. On 06/04/1992 around afternoon, Croatian units together with Croats from Kupres attacked the very town of Kupres. The attack was committed with three tanks “Leopard” that were used for destroying of Serbs” property.”
The criminal charge KU-11/93 contains data about the way and method of attack, number of victims and names of perpetrators. Besides that, several excerpts from Center”s documentation on that genocide are given here just for the information:
On 03/04/1992 around 06,00 hrs by Croatian formation HOS, ZNG and other formations from Duvno, Livno, Lištica, Posušje, Bugojno, Gornji Vakuf, Drvar and other places in the Republic of Croatia, the armed attack was done in the village of Donji Malovan, Kupres Municipality. At the same time, attacks were also committed on other places inhabited by the majority of Serbs: Blagaj, Zanablina, Ravno, Vukovsko, Rilići, Kupres and Begovo Selo.

The mentioned formations, according to previously prepared plan of armed attack, were joined by Croatian and Moslem inhabitants of Kupres Municipality. Surprised with that attack, the Serbs from villages and hamlets showed spontaneous and not organized resistance. On 05/04/1992 between 15,00 – 16,00 hrs, Croatian formations committed artillery and infantry attack on Begovo Selo. During that attack, civilians were captured and enormous material damage was done to Serbs” property.

The following Serbs were captured: an old woman Spremo Stoja, Spremo Mile alias Migac, Spremo Petar, Spremo Nedeljko, Spremo Drago, Spremo (Mihajlo) Nedeljko, Spremo (Pero) Predrag, Spremo Milan, Janjić Jovo, Janjić Živko, Kolonja Boško, Rudić Janko, Rudić Petar, Šikić Marko, Mašić Dragan, Mašić Milivoj, Mašić Ratko, Mašić Marko, Rudić Milica and Rudić Bosa. Captured Serbs from Begovo Selo were taken to Odžak village. On the next day, in the evening, they were taken to collecting center in a textile factory, except Rudić Milica and Rudić Bosa who were released.

On 06/04/1992 (Monday) around 13,00 hrs, a combined attack on Kupres and from the south on Kratelj was done. In that attack, three armored vehicles (tanks and armored cars) were used as well as a number of armed and face-colored members of HOS, ZNG, the so-called “Žuti mravi” and other formations. Some civilians were killed and captured during that attack regardless of whether they were old, sick and disabled, women, carrying weapons or not. The following Serbs were captured on that day: Lugonja Srećo (disabled in both hands); women: Karan Zagorka, Bosnić Minka, and Despenić Mira; the old: Zubić Stojan and Despenić Jovo.

Even child, teenager Kanlić Perica was captured on 03/04/1992 in the attack on Donji Malovan. 
On 06/04/1992 between 13,00 – 14,00 in Kratelj, apart from captured disabled persons, the old and women, all Serbs found in their houses were captured:
priest Perković Zoran, Živanić Žarko, Marić Riste, Marić Dušan, Marić Miro, Marić (Đuro) Dušan, Marić Marinko, Bosnić Ljubo, Baćo Boško, Spremo Petar alias Burduš, Bojanić Dragomir, Bukvić Ivan, Ivanković Rajko, Karan Marko, Lugonja Vlado, Lugonja (Đorđe) Marko, Lugonja (Svetko) Marko, Lugonja Luka, Lugonja Riste, Malušić Nedeljko, Mašić Predrag, Mandić Jovo, Milišić Bane, Pavlica Risto, Šešum Lazo, Šebez Trifko, Šebez Milorad, Velaja Zdravko, Zeljković Boro, Zubić Petar, Zubić Miloš, Marić Jovo, Milišić (Nebojša) Dušan, Čivčić Mirko, Dragoljević Slavko, Kanlić Spasoja, Lugonja Ratko, Milišić (Stevan) Dušan, Milić Ratko, Milić Ljubo and Nikić Dušan. During the attack on Kratelj, apart from killing and capturing of Serbs, their property was also destroyed by artillery attack, houses burnt down, property stolen and vehicles seized.

The mentioned captured Serbs were forced to undress the upper part of their bodies and take off their shoes, raise hands behind the head and mainly kneeling down in such weather conditions (raining, snowing and extremely cold) they spent from 14,00 – 20,00 hrs. Some of them were taken for questioning and tortures started right after the capturing. Among the tortured ones were: Perković Zoran, Marić Jovo, Karan Marko, Bosnić Ljubo and others. Around 10-15 Serbs, captured in Kratelj by members of HOS, ZNG and other formations commanded by certain Filipović, were placed around a tank as a live shield and forced to feed the tank with shells.

Those tanks destroyed  houses  of Serbs and industrial facilities as following: Forestry Building, Forestry Industrial Company “Kupres”, Hotel “Kupres”, Bank, Accounting Service Building, Building of an Engineering Firm, Culture Center Building, Primary School, Secondary School Center, Hospital, Car Service, “Špeditrans” Enterprise, Militia Station, Municipality Building and a number of other privately owned companies, shops, houses and other facilities.

The building of hotel “Kupres” and of Forestry Administration were completely burnt down. On 06/04/1992 around 20,00 hrs captured Serbs were taken to collecting center in the textile factory while women Karan, Bosnić and Despenić were taken to the house of Zrno Ruža. Lugonja Srećo, who is a severely disabled person with deformed hands, hid into a sewerage pipe after he saw Croatian formations killing and capturing innocent Serbs. During the night, he ran away towards Kupres field, i.e. towards south and hotel “Adria-ski”.

Confident that no justice will ever be executed – proud of their crimes. Foreign mercenaries involved in numerous massacres of Serbs have their official association:  Association of the foreign volunteers of the homeland war Croatia / Bosnia – 1991 / 1995

On 08/04/1992 near the hotel “Adria-ski, he was captured by members of Croatian formations. In the night between 06-07/04/1992, around 04,00 hrs the captured Serbs, escorted by uniformed and armed Croatian soldiers who, not so long ago used to be their neighbors from Kupres, were taken in the direction of Šujice. Many of them were taken bare feet and naked, and some were hit with rifle butts, kicked, punched like Kolonja Boško, Spremo Nedeljko, and others. During their taking to Šujice, captured Živanić Žarko was murdered in Stržanje. After reaching Šujice, they were bound with wire and asked to climb to the truck by stepping onto a bottle and climbing up to the truck body.

Those who could not do it were hit with rifle butts, kicked and punched. An old and disabled man Zubić Stojan was knocked down while being pushed up and got severely injured due to the fall on his back. Women Karan Zagorka, Despenić Mira, Bosnić Minka and Spremo Stoja were taken by another vehicle to Tomislavgrad SUP for questioning. Captured male Serbs were taken to a garage in Drišnik village, Tomislavgrad Municipality. They were told to get off the truck one by one and to go through two lines of Croatian soldiers who had cudgels, 5cm thick and 1,5m long. They did as they were told and Croatian soldiers hit them with cudgels, rifle butts, legs, and fists several times on their backs, arms, legs, heads and other parts of the body. All captured Serbs, including the old and disabled, were treated that way so some of them got severe concussions and other injuries.
But all that was not enough to satisfy their torturers.

So they were crammed into a small garage, into which they threw tear gas or some other irritant gas that caused them coughing and strong eye irritations. They were kept in that garage for a short time and, while being there, they overheard quarrels of certain members of Croatian formations who wanted to throw captured Serbs into pits and women who wanted captured Serbs to be taken out of Brišnik and who did not want to allow 1941 to repeat, when some Serbs were killed by having been thrown into pits in Tomislavgrad area. In the end, they gave up from throwing them into pits, so they put them into trucks and transferred them to “Lora” in Split.

Upon arrival, captured Serbs were again beaten with various instruments: sticks, rifle butts, batons, pistols, metal instruments, metal pipes and were kicked around and punched. Spremo Petar was hit with a pipe into the head, which caused fracture of the skull and endangered his life. Majority of Serbs fainted from all those punches or they were so severely hurt they could not stand. Croatian soldiers wanted the captured Serbs to line up and those who could not stand were held by others. Then, they were thoroughly searched and money, gold jewelry, valuables, documents and other things were taken away from them.

After that, they were put into cells, where they were tortured and beaten up again, salt was put into their mouth, they were wetted with fuel and burnt, electrocuted them so they suffered horrible pains. Apart from Spremo Petar, who was constantly unconscious since he was hit into the head, Kolonja Boško, Lugonja Luka and Kanlić Spasoja were also severely injured so they were transferred to the hospital in Split, where they medical help. Before they were taken to the hospital, they had been threatened not to tell how they got injured. Regarding the fact that Spremo Petar was unconscious, other Serbs were forced to tell doctors that he had fallen from a truck on his own, which was not true.

All injured persons, escorted by Croatian military policemen were examined by doctors in Split hospital and after being taken care of, they were sent back to “Lora” prison. Spremo Petar”s condition was extremely difficult so he was taken to the hospital again and he died there. Apart from already mentioned ways of torturing of captured Serbs in “Lora” they were not given food and they kept being humiliated in various ways – forcing them to sing ustasha (WW II Nazi Croatian songs) songs, salute like ustashas and talk only in the Croatian dialect. They were questioned up to limits of endurance, all the while being beaten up, and even disabled Lugonja Srećo was not left out but was hit in the head. Spremo (Simo) Nedeljko and his brother Dragan were transported in a truck of a car from Split to Tomislavgrad for questioning.

Also in trucks of other cars, the following were transported to Tomislavgrad for questioning: a priest of Serbian Orthodox Church Perković Zoran, Bosnić Ljubo, Milišć Rane, Šebez Trifko, Šebez (Trifko) Milorad, Milišić (Nebojša) Dušan, Lugonja Srećo, Milić Milan and Milić Ratko. All of them were atrociously tortured in Tomislavgrad Militia Station while being questioned. Especially the priest Perković Zoran who was laying down unconscious from beating in water and mud in the cell until stiffen. From Tomislavgrad they were again taken to Police Center in Split, where the tortures continued. Except for Perković, Bosnić and Milišić Rane, other prisoners were driven towards Zadar, usually by night and some of them were beaten up during transport.

After that, all of them were held together in a former JNA military camp near Zadar, where they were tortured as well. Some of them were separated and left in some garages near Zadar and their further destiny is unknown. Seven days later, captured Serbs were transferred to a camp in Eminovo Selo, Tomislavgrad Municipality, where they were also tortured, put salt into their mouth and then questioned.

From that camp, they were transferred to a camp in Vrgorce, and they were tortured as well. Spremo Mile alias Migac was especially tortured in Vrgorce and he died there from beating. Finally, captured Serbs were transferred to a camp in Ljubuško, where they remained until the exchange on 14/05/1992. Perković Zoran, Bosnić Minka, Karan Zagorka, Spremo Stoja and Despenić Mira were exchanged on 05/05/1992. These prisoners were not tortured as much as in other camps, probably due to preparations for exchange.

The following prisoners, tortured and severely hurt, were separated by night somewhere around Zadar and their further destiny is still unknown:
Čivčić Mirko,
Dragoljević Slavko,
Kanlić Spasoja,
Marić Jovo,
Milić Ratko,
Milić Ljubo,
Milišić (Stevan) Dušan,
Nikić Dušan. Duvnjak Nikola,
Duvnjak Dušan and
Lugonja Ratko were kept in a camp in Tomislavgrad and their further destiny is still unknown.
Mašić Dragan,
Milivoj Ratko
Mirko and Marić Đoko were kept in a camp in Eminovo Selo and their further destiny is still unknown.

Old and disabled Zubić Stojan, after being tortured and beaten up in “Lora” was transferred to a hospital where he was allegedly treated until 14/05/1992 when he was exchanged and immediately sent to the hospital in Knin where he died in about 7 days. In that hospital, a detailed examination was done and medical documentation on injuries and the cause of death made.

Through International Red Cross, the family of Spremo Petar was delivered medical documentation and information that he died in hospital in Split. There is no photo documentation on the body, and a photocopy of medical documentation is enclosed in the criminal charge No. 28-03-230-KU-63/93 from 17/12/1992. According to operational research, apart from the mentioned persons, the following were killed in camps: Petar Pantić from Mostar, who died of torture in “Lora” on 22/04/1992;
Borović Dušan alias Duka, who died of torturing on 18/04/1992 in Tomislavgrad and Andrijašević Milorad, killed in Galečić near Šujice at the end of April.

The following were tortured in camps:
Kiso Nedeljko from Kupres,
Zelen Branko,
Milisav Radovan,
Milisav Nada,
Savić Miroslav, all from Tomislavgrad,
and Bekan Rusko from Čapljina,
a man knwn as Drago from Klekci,
Bulut Vlado,
Bulut Damjan,
Bulut Gavro,
Zirojević alias Bele,
Simović Ratko,
Jakovljević Dragan,
Gazivoda Luka,
a man known by his familyname Popović, V
elemir Nenad from Bajak,
Majkić Radovan,
Majkić Miroslav,
Zečević Nenad,
Milisav Nenad,
Milisav Radovan,
Milisav Miroslav,
Važić Pero,
Kos Ratko,
Pavlović Savo,
Važić Obren,
Važić Mladen,
Zečević Milenko,
Ućukalo Slobodan,
Zolen Zdravko,
Vuković Miloš, all from Tomislavgrad, and
Antić Stevo from Konjic.
Captured Serbs were exchanged on May 5 or May 14, 1992, and immediately after that treated in different hospitals in Kupres, Mrkonjić Grad, Banja Luka, Beograd and Novi Sad. During the medical treatments, it was concluded that all of them suffered horrible mental tortures and got severe bodily injuries (spine injuries, broken ribs, legs and arms, their teeth were knocked out, etc.) what caused serious consequences to their health. In a camp in Stipanići, Tomislavgrad Municipality, the captured Serbs were taken care of by doctor Vila Marko, a Croat from Kupres, who participated in the events from the capturing until they came to the camp in Tomislavgrad.

Therefore, in Kratelj and Begovo Selo during the aggression on Kupres Municipality on 05-06/04/1992 members of HOS, ZNG and other Croatian formations breached Regulations of International Law by capturing of civilians – women, children, the old and disabled, and men who, whether they possessed weapons or not, were captured and brought to conc camps in Tomislavgrad, Stipanići, Eminovo Selo, Split (Republic of Croatia), Zadar (Republic of Croatia), Vrgorac (Republic of Croatia) and Ljubuški.

The cruelest methods of torturing were applied to the captured Serbs in the above-mentioned camps: hitting with cudgel, stick, rifle butts, chains, cables, pistols, batons, kicking around and punching them, putting of pistols into their throats, putting of hand grenades into their mouths, putting of salt into their mouths, putting out of cigarettes onto their skin, stabbing them with knives, electrocuting them, threatening, humiliating and intimidating them, wetting them with fuel and burning it down, starving them and not giving them water, etc.

All this caused severe psychic consequences and severe bodily injuries. Apart from that, along with capturing of the Serbs in Kratelj and Begovo Selo, their houses and apartments were burnt down, movable property (vehicles, home appliances, money, valuables, gold, etc.) stolen and other public and privately owned buildings, shops, facilities and other property considered to belong to Serbs burnt down. The above-mentioned facts imply reasonable suspicion that unknown perpetrators – members of HOS, ZNG and other Croatian formations committed perfidiously and in the least human way, criminal acts of the war crime against civilians from the Article 142 and the war crime against war prisoners from the Article 144 of the over-taken SFRY Criminal Law.

Excerpt from the criminal charge No. KU-62/92: – On 03/04/1992 at 06,00 hrs the attack committed by HOS, ZNG and other formations from Kupres, Tomislavgrad, Livno, Bugojno, Gornji Vakuf, and other places in Croatia on the village of Donji Malovan, Kupres Municipality. – From 03-10/04/1992 Spremo Branislav, his mother Savica, Spremo Stojko and his wife Anđa have been hiding in the nearby woods, not far from Botun village, coming home from time to time to feed the cattle.

On 10/04/1992 around 08,00 hrs, after they spent the night in the house of Spremo Stojko, around 50 soldiers of Croatian paramilitary formations attacked the house, throwing hand grenades and shooting from infantry weapons. The attack was done from all sides. In the moment of attack, Spremo Savica, Spremo Anđa, and Spremo Stojko were in the cellar, while Spremo Branislav was in the attic. The attackers approached the house, forcibly entered the cellar and threw a hand grenade in, causing the death of Spremo Savica and Anđa.

One of the attackers made sure they were dead, but that did not satisfy them, so they put the house on fire. The house was burnt to the ground and the bodies got partly carbonized. Spremo Branislav, who was in the attic, was shot after he jumped out from the attic. The attackers were not satisfied by simply killing him, but cut his face with a sharp instrument, probably after his death. Spremo Stojko managed to stay hidden and to run away to the nearby woods after the attack was finished.

On 13/04/1992 the bodies of Spremo Branislav, Savica and Anđa were found and after examinations of the bodies on the spot as well as in the Health Center in Kupres, entry and exit wounds were found on all the bodies. They were buried in the village cemetery in Begovo Selo.

Criminal Technician from PSS Šipovo took photographs of the spot and bodies and created photo documentation. Death Certificates of Spremo Savica, Anđa and Branislav are enclosed into the criminal charge. The interview was done with the witness Spremo Stojko. Therefore, unknown perpetrators – members of HOS, ZNG and other Croatian formations did perfidiously, in the least human way and out of nationalistic motives and hatred, deprive of life the following civilians: Spremo Savica, an old woman, Spremo Anđa and Spremo Branislav, all from Botun village, Kupres Municipality. All this implies reasonable suspicion that unknown perpetrators – members of HOS, ZNG and other Croatian formations committed the criminal act of the war crime against civilians from the Article 142 of the over-taken SFRY Criminal Law.

The excerpt from KU-60/92: – In the period from 04-06/04/1992 during the armed attack on Kupres area conducted by unknown uniformed and armed persons – members of Croatian paramilitary formations HOS and others from Bugojno, Livno, Tomislavgrad and other places in Republic of Croatia, the following unarmed civilians who were trying to escape in panic were killed out of nationalist reasons: Kontić Lazo, Kontić Milorad, Dragoljević Todor, Bosnić Špiro, Pavlović Trifko, Ćelebeći Drago, Lugonja Stevo, Panić Luka, Jarčević Nedeljko, Marković Dragan and Kanlić Vojislav – all from Kupres, and all Serbs.

On 03/04/1992 around 06:00 hrs from the direction of Šujice, i.e. Tomislavgrad and other towns from Republic of Croatia an armed attack was conducted in the area of Kupres by attacking the village of Malovan. At the same time, attacks were also committed on other places inhabited by a majority of Serbs. Attackers were their neighbors Muslims and Croats, and Serbian civilians were mostly the old. Attackers had military uniforms with marks of HOS and ZNG and rifles and they joined unknown attackers from Tomislavgrad. Together with them,  acting as one unique military organization with the same aim as the other – killing and capturing of Serbian inhabitants of Kupres with an intention to impose their rule in Kupres area, they captured a number of civilians in Kupres and delivered them to attackers or killed them on the spot. The inhabitants of Kupres, unarmed and without uniforms, were in the panic.

They hid in cellars of buildings because attackers used three tanks “Leopard” and because they were frightened by the fact that their Muslim and Croat neighbors joined the attackers.

 On 06/04/1992 Croatian armed formation HOS sat on the tank “leopard” and showed the soldiers which houses were the property of Serbs, so they shelled them, hitting mainly the cellars. Destroyed houses were the property of Bosnić Ljubo, Spremo Petar from Kratelj etc. The house of Spremo Petar got burnt down later. Besides the houses owned by Serbs, Turalija Zoro also pointed some other facilities in the town that had been shelled from that tank. The building of PSS Kupres, hotel “Kupres”, the building of SIZ, banks, buildings in which mainly the Serbs lived, Culture Center, Health Center, primary school, the building of Forestry etc. were damaged.

. On 04/04/1992 around 16:00 hrs in front of the house of Zubić Petra in Kupres Kanlić Vojislav was killed.  Kanlić was a son of Gijko and Boja, maiden name Erceg, born on 02/01/1955 in Donji Malovan, residing in Kupres, Vojina Zirojevića bb,  Serb.

The witnesses are: Kontić Predrag, Svitlica Rade, Bojanić Ranko, Matić Milorad, Lugonja Đoko, Lugonja Branko and Čegar Radovan, all from Kupres.

On 06/04/1992 around 12:30 hrs while they were leaving the house of Kontić Milorad in Kupres with their hands above their heads, the following persons were killed by Croatian attackers:
• Kontić Milorad alias Ćiro, son of Stanko and Stana, maiden name Ždero, born on 16/11/1958 in Gornje Ravno, Kupres municipality, residing in Kupres, the Serb;
• Dragoljić Todor alias Toša, son of Stojan and Gospava, born on 20/06/1958 in Mušić village, Kupres municipality, residing in Kupres, Kratelj;
• Pavlović Trifko alias Lola, son of Stanko and Ruža, born on 07/08/1954 in the village of Donje Vukovsko, Kupres municipality, residing in Kupres, the Serb;
• jarčević Nedeljko alias Švabo, son of Trifko and Stana, maiden name Manojlović, born on 21/05/1950 in Gornje Ravno, residing in Kupres, the Serb; The witness: Kugonja Savo from Kupres.

On 06/04/1992 in the afternoon the reported and other persons in HOS uniforms took out of the house of Lugonja (Svetko) Marko unarmed civilian Kontić Lazo, son of Vukan and Savica, maiden name Živanić, born on 03/01/1960 in Gornje Ravno, residing in Kupres, Kratelj 2, the Serb. Immediately after he was taken out of the house, he was killed by a riffle. After Kontić Lazo was killed, one unknown person in HOS uniform cut off his left ear. Witnesses: Lugonja (Svetko) Marko, Lugonja (Đorđe) Marko, Zeljković Boro, Baćo Boško, Bukvić Vukan, Marić Miro and Marić Dušan, all from Kupres.

On 06/04/1992 in the afternoon the reported and other  HOS members took from the house of Spremo Petar in Kratelj, Kupres and killed the following Serbian civilians:
• Čelebić Drago, son of Petar and Savica, maiden name Nikić, born on 05/09/1966 in Gornje Ravno, Kupres municipality, residing in Kupres, Kratelj, the Serb;
• Lugonja Stevo, son of Bogoljub and Ljeposava, maiden name Vasić, born on 02/08/1966 in Donje Ravno, residing in Kupres, Kratelj, the Serb; Čelebić Drago and Lugonja Stevo were killed in front of the house of Husinbegović Omer from Kupres, which is not far away of the house of Spremo Petar. Witnesses: Karan Marko, Zeljković Boro, Lugonja Marko and others, from Kupres.

On 06/04/1992 around 18:00 hrs the reported together with other unknown persons killed the unarmed Serbian civilian Panić Luka, son of Petar and Ruža, maiden name Velimir, born on 09/07/1946 in Mušić village, Kupres municipality, residing in Kupres, Druge Proleterske brigade bb, the Serb. He was killed while running away across the brook Karićevac not far away from the house of Čivčić Mitar from Kupres.
Witnesses: Lugonja Savo, Svitlica Rade, Trivunović Nenad, Marić Stanko alias Debeli and others from Kupres.

On 06/04/1992 in the afternoon hrs, the members of armed Croatian formation killed unarmed civilian Marković Dragan alias Gaca, son of Milan and Boja, maiden name Marić, born on 05/10/1969 in Kupres, residing in Kupres, Maršala Tita bb, the Serb. All mentioned persons who were killed were found and buried after the armed conflict by RS Army. Kanlić Vojislav and Marković Dragan were buried in the Memorial Cemetery in Kupres. Kontić Lazo, Kontić Milorad, Čelebić Drago, Lugonja Stevo, Jarčević Nedeljko were buried in the local cemetery in Ravno. Dragoljević Todor and Panić Luka were buried in the local cemetery in Mušić.

Pavlović Trifko was buried in the local cemetery in Vukovsko. Bosnić Špiro was buried in the local cemetery in Šemanovci. The crime technician took photos of the places the mentioned persons were buried in and he made photo-documentation out of it. Victims of Croatian genocide The documentation contains over 80 criminal charges for these crimes and genocide, in which over 70 identified Serbian victims were mentioned.

In the period from 03-07/04/1992 in Kupres and its surroundings the following Serbian civilians were murdered:
1. Baštić (Bastić) Predrag, from Kupres, 9. Krajiške brigade bb, born on 28/08/1971 in Livno, son of Tomislav and Mirjana, maiden name Bosnić, captured with the group of Serbs in the cellar of Milenko Vila on 05/04/1992, where they were subject to the torture and later lined against the wall and shot. Their bodies were taken to the hill not far from Odžak and threw them into the pit by HOS members. Their bodies were found 25 days later.
2. Bosnić Špiro from Kupres, born on 07/08/1954 in Bajramovci village, son of Nedeljko and Sima, maiden name Zubić, was slaughtered on 06/04/1992 (the victim was photographed – 16 photographs of the corps is enclosed with the criminal charge).
3. Vavan Ilija, born in 1950 in Gornji Malovan, son of Gojko, killed on 07/04/1992 not far from Čauša while he was trying to escape from surrounded Kupres.
4. Danilović Vlajko, born in 1952 in Mušić village, son of Jovo, killed on 06/04/1992 in his house in Kupres.
5. Dragoljević Todor alias Toša from Kupres, born on 20/06/1958 in Mušić, son of Stojan and Gospava, killed after being tortured on 06/04/1992 (enclosed with the criminal charge are 17 photographs of the corps).
6. Duvnjak Vlado from Kupres, born on 20/07/1945 in Odžak, son of Dragomir and Stana, maiden name Šešum, captured with the group of Serbs in the cellar of Milenko Vila on 05/04/1992, where they were subjected to the torture and later lined against the wall and shot. Their bodies were taken to the hill not far from Odžak and threw them into the pit by HOS members. Their bodies were found 25 days later.
7. Duvnjak Vlado from Donji Malovan, born in 1907 in Donji Malovan, son of Aćim, killed in Donji Malovan on 03/04/1992.
8. Duvnjak Darinka from Donji Malovan, born on 15/03/1935 in Blagaj, daughter of Dragun, killed in Donji Malovan on 03/04/1992.
9. Duvnjak Milan from Donji Malovan, born in 1936, son of Vlado, killed in Donji Malovan on 03/04/1992.
10. Duvnjak Miloš from Donji Malovan, born in 1925, son of Mitar, killed with his son Mitar in Donji Malovan on 03/04/1992.
11. Duvnjak Mitar, born in 1940, son of Dane, killed in Donji Malovan on 03/04/1992.
12. Duvnjak Mitar from Donji Malovan, born in 1965, son of Miloš, killed with his father Mitar in Donji Malovan on 03/04/1992.
13. Duvnjak Svetko from Donji Malovan, born in 1960, son of Simo, killed in Donji Malovan on 03/04/1992.
14. Duvnjak Cvetko (evidence: 714/95-7)
15. Živanić Žarko from Kupres, born in 1946 in Donje Vukovsko, son of Vuk, was brought with the group of captured civilian Serbs towards Šujice on 07/04/1992 and in one moment when he left the line he was shot in the legs by Ante Čičak and in the head by Ivo Čičak.
16. Zubić Jovo from Kupres, Maršala Tita 38/5born on 31/03/1950 in Blagaj, son of Risto and Jovanka, captured with the group of Serbs in the cellar of Milenko Vila on 05/04/1992, where they were subjected to the torture and later lined against the wall and shot. Their bodies were taken to the hill not far from Odžak and threw them into the pit by HOS members. Their bodies were found 25 days later.
17. Zubić Stojan from Kupres, was beaten up during his stay in different camps so he died when exchanged on 15/05/1992.
18. Jarčević Vlastimir, from Ravno village, born on 006/09/1956 in Gornje Ravno, son of Marko and Dušanka, maiden name Šešum, was arrested in Kupres on 03/04/1992 and taken to the cellar of Milenko Vila, where he was subjected to the torture and later lined against the wall and shot. Their bodies were taken to the hill not far from Odžak and threw them into the pit by HOS members. Their bodies were found 25 days later.
19. Jarčević Nedeljko alias Švabo, from Kupres, born on 21/05/1950 in Gornje Ravno, son of Trifko and Stana, maiden name Manojlović, killed on 06/04/1992.
20. Kanlić Vojislav alias Krezo, from Kupres, Vojislava Zubojevića bb, born on 02/01/1955 in Donji Malova, son of Gojko and Boja, maiden name Erceg, shot from the sniper and killed by the group of Croatian soldiers among whom was also Pero Ivić.
21. Kanlić Mirko, from Kupres, 27. Jula 7, born on 01/05/1950 in Donji Malovan, son of Dušan and Anica, maiden name Duvnjak, captured with the group of Serbs in the cellar of Milenko Vila on 05/04/1992, where they were subjected to the torture and later lined against the wall and shot. Mirko was severely shot. Corpses and wounded ones, Mirko Kanlić and Jovo Pavlović were taken the hill not far from Odžak and threw them into the pit by HOS members. The wounded were thrown first and corpses covered them. Both wounded died. The bodies were found 25 days later.
22. Karajlić (Kanlić) Niko from Kupres, slaughtered on 06/04/1992.
23. Karan Nedeljko from Kupres, born on 22/08/1949 in Blagaj, son of Stanko and Milica, maiden name Vavan, captured with the group of Serbs in the cellar of Milenko Vila on 05/04/1992, where they were subjected to the torture and later lined against the wall and shot. Their bodies were taken to the hill not far from Odžak and threw them into the pit by HOS members. Their bodies were found 25 days later.
24. Kaulić Marko, killed on 01/05/1992 in Odžak village.
25. Keranović Marko, from Kupres, born in 1948 in Gornje Vukovsko, Buđevača hamlet, son of Božo, killed on 06/04/1992 near Mala Plazenica while trying to escape from surrounded Kupres.
26. Knežić rade, born in 1926 in Šemenovci village, son of Milenko, killed on 06/04/1992 near Mala Plazenica while trying to escape from surrounded Kupres.
27. Kontić Lazo, from Kupres, born on 03/01/1960 in Gornje Ravno, son of Vukan and Savica, maiden name Živanić, after capturing on 06/04/1992 he got killed. He was the only one wearing the military uniform, and he was executed according to the order of Zoran Radić alias Zeko, the Croat from Kupres. His right side of the face was smashed from the hit with a blunt object, and his right ear was cut off. (Enclosed with the criminal charge are 22 photographs of the corps).
28. Kontić Milorad alias Ćiro, from Kupres, born 16/11/1958 in Gornje Ravno, son of Stanko and Stana, maiden name Ždero, killed on 06/04/1992. His left eye was taken out (enclosed with the criminal charge are 15 photographs of the body).
29. Lugonja Lazo, from Ravno village, killed in his village.
30. Lugonja Stevo, a driver from Kupres, born on 02/08/1966 in Donje Ravno, son of Bogoljub and Ljeposava, maiden name Vasić. He was taken out of his house on 06/04/1992 and in accordance with the order of HVO Commander Filipović he was immediately shot after his right eye was taken out while he was still alive. (Enclosed with the criminal charge are 21 photos of the body).
31. Maleš Niko, born in 1941 in Rilići, son of Božo, killed on 07/04/1992 in the woods between Rilići, Crni Vrh and Donje Vukovo hamlet Kudilji.
32. Manojlović Đorđe, born in 1955 in Gornje Vukovsko, son of Stanko, killed on 06/04/1992 near Mala Plazenica while trying to escape from surrounded Kupres.
33. Marić Spasoje, born in 1933 in Zanaglina, son of Jovo, killed in Zanaglina woods on 09/04/1992.
34. Marić Stanko, born in 1949 in Rilići, killed on 06/04/1992 near Mala Plazenica while trying to escape from the surrounded Kupres.
35. Marković Dragan alias Gaca from Kupres, Maršala Tita bb, born on 05/10/1969 in Kupres, son of Milan and Boja, maiden name Marić, killed on 06/04/1992 in Kupres, near his house in the center of Kupres.
36. Milinović Marko from Kupres, Maršala Tita 11, born on 17/08/1959 in Donji Malovan, son of Pero and Ljuba, maiden name Bošnjak, captured with a group of Serbs in the cellar of Milenko Vila on 05/04/1992, where they were subjected to the torture and later lined against the wall and shot. Their bodies were taken to the hill not far from Odžak and threw them into the pit by HOS members. Their bodies were found 25 days later.
37. Milišić Milan, born in 1965, son of Milenko, killed on 06/04/1992 when he tried to escape from surrounded Kupres during the night.
38. Pavlović Jovo, from Kupres, born on 19/01/1951 in Kupres, son of Vlado and Anđa, captured with the group of Serbs in the cellar of Milenko Vila on 05/04/1992, where they were subjected to the torture and later lined against the wall and shot. Mirko was severely shot. Corpses and wounded ones, Mirko Kanlić and Jovo Pavlović were taken the hill not far from Odžak and threw them into the pit by HOS members. The ounded were thrown first and corpses covered them. Both wounded died. The bodies were found 25 days later.
39. Pavlović Trifko alias Lola, a merchant from Kupres, born on 10/11/1957 in Donje Vukovsko, son of Stanko and Ruža, killed on 06/04/1992 by hiting him with a blunt object to the head. The upper part of his scull was smashed off. (Enclosed with the criminal charge are 20 and 20A photos of the body).
40. Panić Luka, from Kupres, Druge proleterske brigade bb, born on 09/07/1946 in Mušić, son of Petar and Ruža, maiden name Velimir, killed in Kupres on 06/04/1992 near the house of Mitar Čivčić.
41. Rudić Borislav, born in 1934 in Rilići, son of Ljubomir, kileld on 07/04/1992 in the woods between Rilići Crni vrh and Kudilji.
42. Soro Dušan, born in 1934 in Zanaglina, son of Đuro, killed on 07/04/1992 in the woods between Rilići Crni vrh and Kudilji.
43. Soro Dušan, born in 1934 in Zanaglina, son of Đorđe, killed on 10/04/1992 in Zanaglina woods.
44. Spremo Anđa, born in 1935, daughter of Ilija, killed in April 1992 in her house in Kupres and burnt together with the house.
45. Spremo Banislav, born in 1950, son of Mirko, massacred in April 1992 in front of his house.
46. Spremo Milorad, born in 1936, son of Branko, killed on 09/04/1992 in Zanaglina woods.
47. Spremo Savica, born in 1920, daughter of Jovo, killed in April 1992 in her house in Kupres and burnt together with the house.
48. Spremo Simo, born in 1930 in Begovo selo, son of Nedeljko and Neđa, maiden name Popović, killed by Croatian soldiers on 07/04/1992 while retreating from Kupres. Before that he was tortured by hiting all over the body with blunt objects. The cause of death was the hit by the mallet into the head. (Together with the criminal charge are 23 and 23 photos of the victim.)
49. Spremo Strailo, born in 1909, son of Stjepan, killed on 09/04/1992 in Zanaglina woods.
50. Čelebić Drago from Kupres, born on 05/09/1966 in Gornje Ravno, son of Petar and Savica, maiden name Mikić. He was taken out together with Stevo Lugonja of the house of Spremo Petar and shot in the street, in front of the house of Omer Huseinbegović on 06/04/1992, according to the order of Filipović. (Enclosed with the criminal charge are 18 photographs of the body).
51. Šešum Momčilo, from Kupres, born on 13/03/1937 in Zanaglina, son of Miloš and Milica, maiden name Rudić, captured with the group of Serbs in the cellar of Milenko Vila on 05/04/1992, where they were subjected to the torture and later lined against the wall and shot. Their bodies were taken to the hill not far from Odžak and threw them into the pit by HOS members. Their bodies were found 25 days later.
52. Škobić Nenad, born in 1954 in Botun, son of Petar, killed on 07/04/1992 near Čajuša, not far from the village of Gornji Malovan, while trying to escape from surrounded Kupres.
53. Škobić Stojan, born in 1954 in Botun, son of Petar, killed on 07/04/1992 near Čajuša, not far from the village of Gornji Malovan, while trying to escape from surrounded Kupres.
54. Šormaz Dragan from Kupres, 27. jula 7, born on 15/08/1952 in Rilić, son of Jovo and Ana, captured with the group of Serbs in the cellar of Milenko Vila on 05/04/1992, where they were subjected to the torture. The next day they were lined against the wall and shot. He was severely wounded and died before the witness 446/96. Their bodies were taken to the hill not far from Odžak and threw them into the pit by HOS members. Their bodies were found 25 days later.
55. unknown person, the Serb from Kupres who was massacred in April 1992 in Kupres by Croats who broke his fingernails first and then smashed his scull with the rim. (Enclosed with the criminal charge are 24 photographs of the body.)
On the road Duvno (Tomislavgrad) – Split  – Zadar a number of captured Serbs was separated and nothing has been heard about them so far.  All efforts to find them remained without any result.
The victims are known as the “Kupres group” and have been considered missing:
1. Dragočjević Slavko, a teacher form the village of Mušić, born on 13/09/1946 in Ravno, son of Stojan.
2. Duvnjak Dušan alias Duka, from Kupres.
3. Duvnjak Miko (Marko) from Kupres, born on 17/05/1947 in Pribelja, Glamoč municipality, son of Miloš.
4. Duvnjak Nikola, born on 30/05/1957 in Donji Malovan, son of Savo.
5. Kanlić Pajo, from Kupres.
6. Kanlić Spasoje, born on 30/05/1955 in Donji Malovan, son of Jovo.
7. Lugonja Ratko, from Ravno village, born on 09/11/1962 in Ravno, son of Bogoljub.
8. Marić Đorđe alias Bugo, from Kupres, born in 1932 in Donji Malovan, son of Rade.
9. Marić Jovo alias Joco, from Zanaglina, born in 1943, son of Ostoja.
10. Mašić Dragan from Begovo Selo, born on 01/11/1960, son of Milivoje.
11. Mašić Marko, from Begovo Selo, born on 02/01/1951, son of Manojlo.
12. Mašić Milivoje, from Begovo Selo, born on 05/05/1954, son of Mile.
13. Mašić Ratko (Radovan) from Kupres, born in 1953, son of Manojlo.
14. Milić Ljupko – Ljubo, from Kupres, born on 20/07/1941 in Kupres, son of Nikola and Todora, maiden name Marić, arrested in Kupres on 05/04/1992.
15. Milić Ratko from Kupres, born on 12/06/1938 in Brda, son of Nikola and Todora, maiden name Marić, arrested in Kupres on 05/04/1992.
16. Milišević Miloš, from Kupres.
17. Milišić Dušan, from Novo Selo, born on 07/03/1951 in Vukovsko, son of Stevan. 18. Nikić Dušan, from Kudri village, born on 31/05/1951 in Vukovsko, son of Spiro.
19. Čipčić Mirko, from Ravno village.

Pity the nation that is proud of and considers this ”a homeland war”  – like  1941 – 1945, like 1991 – 1995<  the very first re-established Nazi state is today’s Croatia. 

According to the statement of one witness who survived torture he was subjected to, five people from the mentioned list (“Kupres group”) were atrociously killed during the transport of captured Kupres people from the camp “Lora” to Duvno, i.e. Eminovo Selo. The witness 334/97-19 stated:

” While we were going towards Duvno, somewhere around Drniš, the truck stopped and we could see a big pit near the road, a bulldozer working and some people with power saws.
Croatian soldiers who brought us took 8 or 9 captured Serbs off the truck and I saw them taking Serbs to the pit and killing them. The following people were in that group:
Ratko Milić and his brother Ljubo, Dušan Nikić, Slavko Dragoljević,  a deaf and dumb person whose last name was Čivčić, but I do not know his first name, and I do not remember other names. I do not know other data for the mentioned persons, but I know for sure that 8 or 9 of them were killed then.
 “

The report of Psychiatric Clinic VMA in Belgrade shows the terrible consequences on physical and psychical health of Serbs survivers from Kupres and surroundings who were atrociously tortured in camps in tipanići, near Duvno, in Duvno, Brišnik, “Lora” in split, near Zadar, Vrgorac, and Ljubuško from April 3 till May 16, 1992.

As for the monsters suspected of committing the genocide of the Serbs from Kupres and surroundings, the following persons are suspected:

A. Beginning with the highest authorities:
36. Rajić Božo, who founded a branch of the party Croatian Democratic Union in Kupres and its paramilitary formations;  invited military and paramilitary forces from Croatia and coordinated their activities.
As an HVO member, he is responsible for participating in the attack on Kupres and surrounding villages and for the genocide of Serbs. (evidence: 281/97-4.)
37. Glasnović Davor alias “Filipović”, commander of the Croatian Unit “Yellow Ants” that captured Kupres on 06/04/1992. ( evidence: 373/94-2; 333/95-23; 234/95-6)
38. Filipović Tomislav, general of the Army of the Republic of Croatia, who commanded the battalion “Zrinski” in April 1992 and participated in murders of the Serbs in Kupres. (evidence: 281/97-5)

B. Persons who directly committed crimes
1. Antić Pero, who was notorious by his torture of  Serbs in Ljubuško Nazi-like camp.  (evidence: 234/96-5).
2. Barišić Jozo alias “Joca”, merchant, born in 1943 in Olovo village, son of Franjo, member of Croatian paramilitary formations. As an HVO member, participated in the attack on Kupres and surrounding villages, inhabited by the majority of the Serbian population in April 1992. ( evidence: 117/95-8; 333/95-20; 281/97-4)
3. Barišić Mirko
4. Bošković, former captain of Yugoslav army ( JNA ), one of the executors in Vrgorac. (evidence: 333/95-23; 333/96-10)
5. Bulut Mirko participated in the attack on Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 333/95-22; 117/95-8).
6. Vila Bariša alias “Bare”, veterinary from Viline Kuće, born on 18/10/1962 in Viline Kuće, Kupres Municipality, son of Marko and Anđa, maiden name Ivković. (evidence: 492/96).
7. Vila Zoran alias “Čakija”, a locksmith from Kupres, Narodnih Heroja St., born on 20/06/1964 in Kupres, son of Nedeljko and Mara, maiden name Jurić, married, father of two children. He participated in murders of Serbs from Kupres in May 1992 (evidence: 373/94-1).
8. Vila Zoran, born in 1960, son of Matko. He participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-3).
9. Vila Igor, from Kupres, Narodnih Heroja 12, born on 06/10/1972 in Jajce, son of Mijo. As an HVO member,  participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 194/97-5, attachment 8).
10. Vila Ilija, he participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 194/97-5, attachment 8).
11. Vila Marko, manager of IGO Kupres, from Kupres, at the address 27 Jula St. 9, born on 22/01/1954 in Viline Kuće, Kupres Municipality, son of Dragun and Zdenka, maiden name Šimić, married, father of two children, Commander of Operations HQ of HDZ Kupres paramilitary formation. In order to get armed units capable of carrying on extermination and genocide of Serbs, he ordered the conduction of practical military training and shooting exercise in November 1991.
Also participated in murders of Serbs from Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4; 281/97-5).
12. Vila Mijo, a locksmith from Kupres, Viline Kuće bb, born on 27/11/1953 in Kupres, son of Matko and Ruža, maiden name Mršo, married, father of three children. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 373/94-1; 281/97-4).
13. Vila Milenko alias “Nikola”, a graduate from Forestry High School, from Kupres, Narodnih Heroja bb, born on 11/09/1946 in Kupres, son of Marko and Janja, maiden name Franjić, married, father of three children. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
14. Vila Mirko, a physician from Kupres, Viline Kuće bb, born on 12/08/1960 in Kupres, son of Marko and Anđa, maiden name Ivković, married, father of one child, participated in the capture of Kupres and in the murder of local Serbs in May 1992.
Refused to help severely wounded M.M. (evidence: 333/95-23; 281/97-4).
15. Vila Nikola, participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 194/97-5).
16. Vrgoč Miroslav, a merchant from Kupres, Maršala Tita bb, born on 20/04/1945 in Valpovo, son of Ivan and Ivka, married, father of three children. Participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
17. Dujić Tomo, warden of “Lora” camp where captured Serbs were daily atrociously tortured, abused in various ways and brutally killed (evidence: 333/95-20).
18. Dumančić Dragun alias “Junac”, manager of ZZ “Kupres”, from Kupres, Druge Proleterske brigade bb, born on 31/10/1958 in Zloselo, Kupres Municipality, son of Ilija and Mara. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 492/96).
19. Dumančić Pero alias “Kličin”, Croat, a peasant from Kupres, Osmanlije bb, born on 09/04/1943 in Bugojno, son of Tvrtko and Mara, maiden name Mihaljević. He participated in the murder of 9 captured Serbs he previously kidnapped and brought to Kupres on a tractor in the night on March 6-7, 1992, as well as in murders of Serbs from Kupres in May 1992 (evidence: 333/95-23; 281/97-4).
20. Žulj Branko alias “Bane”, born in Zloselo, son of Franjo. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 373/94-1; 281/97-3).
21. Žulj Božo, from Zloselo, Kupres Municipality, born on 19/09/1951 in Zloselo, son of Dane and Draga, married. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 373/94-1).
22. Žulj Ivica alias “Iko”, a driver from Kupres, Maršala Tita bb, born on 17/10/1960 in Zloselo, son of Frano and ruža, maiden name Mihaljević, married, father of one child. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 373/94-1; 194/97-5, attachment 8; 281/97-4).
23. Žulj Božo aliases “Pajzin” and “Boško”, from Zloselo bb, Kupres, born on 03/08/1947 in Zloselo, son of Anto and Mara. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 373/94-1; 281/97-4).
24. Zrno Borislav alias “Boro”, a professor from Kupres, Maršala Tita 19, born on 14/11/1951 in Rilić village, Kupres Municipality, son of Nediljko and Branka, maiden name Smoljo. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 333/95-23; 281/97-4).
25. Zrno Ivo, born on 01/01/1955 in Šuica village. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 492/96).
26. Zrno Ivica, born on 16/09/1971 in Šuica village, son of Mile. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 492/96).
27. Zrno Josip alias “Nuno”, a graduate from Forestry High School, from Kupres, Maršala Tita 19, born on 13/03/1954 in Rilić, Kupres Municipality, son of Nedeljko and Branka, maiden name Smolje, married, father of two children, former Militia Commander in Kupres. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 373/94-1; 281/97-4).
28. Zrno Jure, a mathematics teacher from Kupres, Hasana Brkića bb, born on 20/11/1944 in Valpovo, son of Frano and Perka, maiden name Rebrina. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 333/95-23).
29. Zrno Mario, born on 24/01/1971 in Šuica village, son of Anto. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 492/96).
30. Ivić Marko, a driver from Zloselo, Kupres Municipality, born on 28/09/1959 in Zloselo, son of Pero and Franjka, maiden name Dumanjčić.
31. Zrno Stipo, born in 1960 in Kupres, son of Slavko. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992. He personally killed Vojislav Kanlić, son of Gojko, and Luka Panić, son of Petar (evidence: 281/97-3; 281/97-4).
32. Elez (Helez) Mujuka, born in 1966 in Donje Ravno village, son of Mujo. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-2; 281/97-4).
33. Ereš Branko, especially active in the torturing of captured Serbs in the camp in Ljubuško (evidence: 234/95-6).
34. Ivić Drago alias “Španac”, TV mechanic, born in 1959 in Kupres, son of Ivan. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
35. Ivić Marko, a driver from Zloselo, Kupres Municipality, born on 28/09/1959 in Zloselo, son of Pero and Franjka, maiden name Dumanjčić. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 492/96).
36. Ivković Mario, who participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 117/95-8).
37. Jahić Rasim, Militia member in PSS Kupres, from Kupres, Maršala Tita 25, born on 24/04/1953 in Kukavice village, Kupres Municipality, son of Džafo and Biha, maiden name Ugarak. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 492/96; 117/95-8).
38. Jezidžić Ivan, locksmith, from Kupres, JNA St. 14, born on 23/10/1967 in Mlakva village, Kupres Municipality, son of Božo and Slava, maiden name Kekić. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 492/96).
39. Jelić Ante alias “Antić”, from Kupres, born on 14/09/1939 in Jurići, Kupres Municipality, son of Jozo and Ana, maiden name Bušić, married, father of two children. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 117/95-1).
40. Kaminski Miroslav, shipper, from Kupres, Omladinska bb, born on 07/07/1947 in Bugojno, son of Marijan and Iva, married. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 373/94-1; 194/95-8).
41. Kanlić Branislav alias “General”, he tortured captured Serbs in Ljubuško (evidence: 117/95-8).
42. Kmetaš Ibro, born in 1958 in Donje Ravno village, son of Mujo. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
43. Kmetaš Hamdija, born in 1952 in Donje Ravno village, son of Đulaga. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
44. Korozović Fadil, former Officer of JNA Air Force, Commander of a Moslem unit in Kupres and surrounding area. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 194/97-5).
45. Krišto Ivan alias “Dugonjče”, from Duvno, participated in the attack on Kupres, the most notorious executor of tortures in Duvno (evidence: 333/95-20).
46. Kuna Ivan, born in 1952 in Osmanlije village, son of Anđelko. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
47. Kuna (Marto) Zdravko alias “Čupo”, born in 1966 in Kupres. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
48. Ledić Dragun, employee of PSS in Kupres, from Kupres, Viline Kuće bb, born on 13/06/1965, son of Emanuel and Stanka, maiden name Šimić, married, father of three children.
49. (evidence: 281/97-3; 281/97-4).
50. Ledić Maniel, from Kupres, Viline Kuće bb, born on 05/04/1943 in Kupres, son of Dragun and Ivka, maiden name Čičak, married, father of four children. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 117/95-1; 281/97-3; 281/97-4).
51. Lovrić Marko, metalworker, from Kupres, Maršala Tita 30, born on 02/01/1955 in Osmanlije village, Kupres Municipality, son of Niko and Dragica, maiden name Grbeša. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 117/95-1; 492/96; 281/97-4).
52. Lozančić Zoran alias “Macan”, born in 1960 in Kukavice village, son of Vinko. He participated in murders of Serbs as well as in looting their houses in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-49).
53. Lozančić Ivo alias “Ćiva”, who was in a Croatian tank that attacked Kupres. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 333/96-22).
54. Lozančić Maksim alias “Garan”, born in 1952, son of Ivo. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
55. Lončar Božo, one of the drivers who transported a group of Kupres inhabitants from one torturing camp to another (evidence: 333/95-23).
56. “Makedonac”, who was especially active in torturing of arrested Serbs in Lora (evidence: 333/95-23; 426/95-51).
57. Maleš Ivo, merchant from Kupres, Druge krajiške brigade bb, born on 25/03/1936 in Kupres, son of Mijo and Doma, maiden name Santro, married, father of three children. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 194/97-5; 281/97-4).
58. Mamić Franjo, born on 01/01/1971 in Zidine village, Tomislavgrad Municipality. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 492/96).
59. Mandžuka Zijad alias “Zijo”, driver from Kupres, Sime Šolaje bb, born on 01/05/1945 in Kupres, son of Ilijas and Safka, married, father of two children. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
60. Mandžuka Smail alias “Smajo”, doctor from Kupres, Sime Šolaje bb, born on 25/01/1959 in Kupres, son of Ahmet and Remza, maiden name Terzić. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in May 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
61. Matić Dragan, camp warden in Duvno. He participated in torturing of captured Serbs (evidence: 333/95-23).
62. Matić Nedo, especially active in torturing of captured Serbs in the camp in Ljubuško (evidence: 234/95-6).
63. Macić Neđo, from Ljubuško, especially active in torturing of captured Serbs in the camp in Ljubuško (evidence: 234/95-6).
64. Mil Mijo, from Kupres, He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 492/96).
65. Milićević Nedo, especially active in torturing of captured Serbs in the camp in Ljubuško (evidence: 234/95-6).
66. Mioč Vilim, born in 1952 in Osmanlije village, son of Berislav. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
67. Mioč Jozo, born in 1956 in Osmanlije village, son of Berislav. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
68. Mioč Paško, born in 1949 in Osmanlije village, son of Berislav. He was a member of paramilitary formations of HDZ. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
69. Mioč Frane, who participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 117/95-8).
70. Mihaljević Iko, who participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 194/97-5-attachment 6).
71. Pavić Ivan, born in 1956 in Zloselo, son of Marko. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
72. Paradžić Krešo alias “Ćupo”, especially active in torturing of captured Serbs in the camp in Ljubuško (evidence: 234/95-6).
73. Perić Drago alias “Vrića” (evidence 333/95-23).
74. Perković Ante alias “Peco”, militiaman from Kupres, at the address 27 Jula bb, born on 11/11/1954 in Botun village, Kupres Municipality, son of Jandro and Slavka, maiden name lozančić. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 492/96; 281/97-4).
75. Perković Ivica, born in 1959 in Botun village, son of Jandro. He participated in murders of Serbs and burning down of their houses in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
76. Pilić Ekrem, car mechanic employed in ŠIP in Kupres, from Kupres, Maršala Tita 1/1, born on 01/12/1945 in Bugojno, son of Edhem and Zlatka, maiden name Žuljko, married, father of two children. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
77. Pilić Safet alias “Safo”, from Kupres, Druge proleterske brigade 23, the owner of a driving school in Kupres, born on 27/07/1949 in Kupres, son of Ethem and Zlatka, maiden name Žuljko, married, father of two children. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
78. Pilić Sejo, driver from Kupres, Druge proleterske brigade 48, born on 08/06/1955 in Kupres, son of Edhem and Zlatka, maiden name Žuljko, married, father of one child. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
79. Pilić Sulejman, teacher in primary school “Simo Šolaja” in Kupres, from Kupres, Druge proleterske brigade 19, born on 24/10/1947 in Kupres, son of Edhem and Zlatka, maiden name Žuljko, married, father of two children. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4; 333/95-23).
80. Ravnančić Ante (Ivica) alias “Majstor”, waiter and owner of a café from Odžak, Kupres Municipality, born on 26/11/1959 in Odžak, son of Vinko and mother Finka, maiden name Mršo. He participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 117/95-8; 281/97-4).
81. Radić Drago alias “Puće”, private shipper from Kupres, JNA St. bb, born on 01/05/1962 in Kupres, son of Mijo and Finka, maiden name Mršo. He participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 117/95-8; 281/97-4).
82. Radić Zoran alias “Zeko”, Croat from Kupres, born in Otinovci village near Kupres, ordered the murder of Lazo Kontić. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 34/96).
83. Radić Ivica, born in 1959 in Goravci village, son of Stipo. He participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
84. Radić Ivica alias “Srebrušin”, from Goravci, born on 22/07/1966 in Goravci, Kupres Municipality, son of Radoslav and Anđa, maiden name Bulat, a waiter in cafe »Randevu« in Kupres before the war. He participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 492/96; 281/97-4).
85. Radić Ljupko alias “Švabin”, metalworker from Goravci, Kupres Municipality, born in Goravci on 01/02/1960, son of Stipo and Finka, maiden name Čičak. He participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 492/96).
86. Radić Stipe alias “Dijeglo” or “Dijetlo”. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 117/95-8; 222/95-23).
87. Raić Ante, born in 1952 in Rastičevo village, son of Ivan. He participated in murders of Serbs in April 1992, as well as in their deportation to camps in Western Herzegovina and Croatia (evidence: 281/97-4).
88. Ramčić Amir, from Kupres, Druge proleterske brigade bb, born on 14/05/1965 in Kupres, son of Mujo and Zlata, maiden name Husić, married. He participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
89. Ramčić Ruždija, from Kupres, Druge proleterske brigade 15, born on 23/08/1966 in Kupres, son of Mujo and Zlata, maiden name Husić, married. He participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 333/95-23; 281/97-4).
90. Raštegorac Ivo alias “Ćiva”, tire repairman from Goravci, Kupres Municipality, born on 27/08/1959 in Goravci, son of Pero and Stana, maiden name Šarić. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992. He volunteered to lead Croatian forces and to show them Serbian houses and flats. He climbed the tank »leopard« and marked the targets that were shot at (evidence: 117/95-1; 281/97-4).
91. Rebrina Marko alias “Markica, who participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 117/95-8).
92. Rebrina Ratko, Director of ŠIP Kupres, from Kupres, Druge proleterske brigade bb, born on 14/03/1949 in Odžak, Odžak Municipality, son of Anto and Anđa, maiden name Rajić, married. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in May 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
93. Rebrina Jandra alias “Skičo”, who participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 117/95-8).
94. Slijepčević Ivica, from Šuice, son of Miron. He participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 426/96-51).
95. Smoljo Franjo alias “Ljuljak” from Olovo, reserve officer, former employee in Youth Center in Kupres, born on 02/01/1958 in Olovo village, Kupres Municipality, son of Živko and Ivka, maiden name Barišić. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992;  he directly led paramilitary formation which broke into Serb’s houses and massacred people (evidence: 117/95-8; 281/97-4).
96. Solin Mladen, especially active in torturing of captured Serbs in the camp in Ljubuško (evidence: 234/95-6).
97. Sušec Ivan, Deputy of Dragan Matić who was Commander of the camp in Duvno. He participated in torturing of captured peoiple from Kupres (evidence: 333/95-6). 98. Sušec Ivica, especially active in torturing of captured Serbs in the camp in Ljubuško (evidence: 234/95-6).
99. Tomić Srećko, who participated in torturing of captured Serbs in the camp in Duvno and Eminovo Selo (evidence: 333/96-2).
100. Turalija Ambrozije, who participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 382/96-2).
101. Turalija Drago alias “Šakan”, born in 1953 in Begovo Selo, son of Pero, worked as a game warden. He participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
102. Turalija Zoro alias “Zoran”, from Begovo Selo, born on 26/04/1961 in Begovo Selo, Kupres Municipality, son of Slavo and Dragica, maiden name Čolić, worked as a game warden in ŠIP Kupres. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 333/95-23; 281/97-4).
103. Turalija Pero, born in 1959, in Begovo Selo, son of Karlo. He participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
104. Turalija Tomislav, a graduate from Agriculture High School, son of Tomo, from Begovo Selo, born in 1956 in Kupres” suburb of Viline Kuće. He participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
105. Horozović Ibro, from Kupres, Druge proleterske brigade bb, born on 03/05/1953 in Bili Potok, Kupres Municipality, son of Osman and Hamida, maiden name Đurić, married (evidence: 194/97-50-attachment 8; 281/97-4).
106. Huseinbegović Enes, born in 1959 in Kupres, son of Jozo. He participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
107. Čičak Ivo alias “Zec”, born in Otinovci village near Kupres, son of Vinko, a security worker in a trading company in Kupres. He participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992. He personally murdered Žarko Životić (evidence: 333/95-23).
108. Čolić Josip alias “Jopa”, born in 1956 in Osmanlije, son of Mirko. He participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-4).
109. Šarić Božo, from Begovo Selo, Croatian soldier, son of Stanislav. He participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/96-51).
110. Šarić Marko alias “Zrko”, born in Kupres” suburb of Begovo Selo, son of Vinko, one of founders and leaders of HDZ military formations. He participated in murders of Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/97-3).
111. Šarić Nedo, locksmith from Begovo Selo, son of Stanislav, member of HDZ military formations since 1991. In April 1992 he participated in crimes against Kupres Serbs (evidence: 281/97-4).
112. Šimić Darko, from Kupres, Druge proleterske brigade 28, born on 07/10/1969 in Kupres, son of Ivan and Ružica, maiden name Čolić. He participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 (evidence: 281/98-4).
113. Šimić Dražen, from Kupres, Druge proleterske brigade 28, born on 10/05/1972 in Kupres, son of Ivan and Ružica, maiden name Čolić. He participated in crimes against Serbs in Kupres in April 1992 .

Remember the sentence Encyclopedia Britannica repeated for almost two decades?
(Quote):

” … In Bosnia… The Croatian fascists began a massacre of Serbs which, in the whole annals of World War II, was surpassed for savagery only by the mass extermination of Polish Jews.”

(end quote)

There, in the quote above, you have the Serbian suffering in Bosnia in 1940’s.
Here you have the Serbian suffering in Bosnia in 1990’s.

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